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PLANS ^kHD purposes. 

■ ■' ^ • ' PREPARED B^ THE SE:CR£1-ARY, 


J, BRYAr; GaiMES, Chxirman, Raieigh. 
W. ,T, Peee.s, F^ieig-h. Thomas ¥/. E: ount. Itoper. 

M. C. S. NcELS, Chapel IliU. D. H. Hill. Raieish. 

, R. D. W. CONNOR. Secretary, Eiiiei^-h. 




No Mazs' is fit to be Entbusted with Co>:troi< of the Peesezst 
Who is IgxoeaisT or the Pa^t; syu xo People who aee Indiffes- 


5-,. ^ P ,T~ r .^ ^^, ^j x/ yinT-r^ 

By tlie publication of this bulletin we kope to accomplish three 
objects : 

1. To explain the organization, plans and purposes of the 
]S'orth Carolina Historical Commission. 

2. To interest you in our work. 

3. To secure your co-operation. 

Many of the States of the Union have created sin^ilar agen- 
cies for the preservation and publication of their historical 
sources, all of which are dilisi'entiv at vv^ork performinor their 
functions. Our State cannot aiford to lag behind in. this impor- 
tant v7ork. We vrish, therefore, to receive the hearty co-operation 
of all the people of the State who have an interest and a pride in 
their splendid history. "\Ye cannot compel this very desirable 
object; we can only appeal to their inteilip:ence and patriotism. 

TTe therefore call your attention especially to the section of 
this bulletin relating to the collection and publication of our 
historical sources. This section is directed as a personal appeal 
to all persons who possess such documents. If you have any 
such documents vrhich you are willing to give or lend to the 
Commission the Secretary will go, upon notice, to examine and 
receive them, or to have copies made. If y<ni know of the exist- 
ence of such documents elsewhere, give us the information and 
lend us your aid in securing tliem. If there is any spot of liis- 
toric interest and importance in your neighborhood that should 
be -properly marked, we will be glad to co-operate 'with yotr in 
having it. done. In any way in which the Commission can be of 
service to encourage and stimulate interest in our history — local. 
State or iS^ational— among our people, we stand ready to do so. 

We appeal to our people to aid us in our work, confident that 
^orth Carolina needs only to set forth her records in such form 
as to be accessible to students of history to convince the world 
that we have a history as interesting, as worthy and as insprring 

u,.., jL uui siMCi ...ares. j Bry'an Giiimes. Chalnnan, 

. :;" ■' W. J. Peele. .; .. ^; , , 

, ' - Thomas W. Blount. ': 

,.; - [ ■ ■ : M. C. S. Noble. 

.; .;\_- "■- ■ [/: D. H. Hill. 

;-■; "• ; , ■ = • ■■ ■ Commissioners. 



The General Assern'bhj of Xvrth Carolina do enact: 

Section 1. That an Historical Commission be and the same is 
hereby establlslied, whose duty it shall be to have collected from the 
files of okl newspapers, from court records, church .records and else- 
where valuable documents pertaining to tbe history of the State. 

Sec. 2. That the Commission shall consist of not more than five per- 
sons, of whom Three shall constitute a quorum. They shall be ap- 
pointed by the Governor and shall hold office for a term of two years 
from the date of their appointment. They shall serve without salaiw, 
mileage or per (lieiii. 

Sec. 3. That the Commission shall be authorized to expend a sum 
not exceeding five hundred dollars amiually in the collection and 
transcription of documents. 

Sec 4. That the d<x:uments collected and .apprdvM shall be pub- 
lished by the State Printers as public printiug, and shall be discrib- 
nted by the State Librarian, under the direction of the ComniissioD. 

Sec. 5. That this act shall be in force from and after its ratifica- 

In the General Assembly read three time;;, and ratified this 9th day 
of March, 1903. 

Brought forv/ard in the Revisal of 1905 as chapter 96. 



The Qcufral A^scnililij of XortJi Carolina do enact: 

StxTiox 1. ThiiL cliapter ninety-six of tbe Ilevisal of one thoiLsand 
nine hiiiulred and five be amended 'oy striking out all after tbe vrord 
'■quorum/* in section one. line three, and inserting in lieu tliereof tlie 
following: They shall 'oe api>ointed by the Governor <>n the first day 
of April one thousand nine hundred and seven, who shall designate 
one member to serve for a term of two years, two members to serve 
for a^ reriu of i';ur years, and two mein(>ers to serve for a term of six 
years from the date of their appoinTments, and their successors shall 
be appointed by the Governor and shall serve for a term of six years 
and until tiieir suv«:;essors are apj-ointed and nualiried: Proride'L that 
ill case of a vacancy in any of the above terms the persori appointed- 
CO till such vacancy shall he api/ointed oidy for the unexpired term. 
They shall seiwe without salary, but shall be allowed their actual 
expenses when attending to their official duties, to be paid oirt of any 
funds hereinafter appropriated ft>r the maintenance of said Commis- 
sion: Provided, such expenses shall not be allowed for more than four 
Uicetings annually. or fur nn>re than four days at eaeh meeling. 

Sec. 2. It shall i)e the duty of the Commission to have collected 
from the files of old newspapers, court records, church records, pri- 
vate collections., and elsewhere, historical data pertaining to the- his- 
tory of North Carolina and the territory included therein from the 
ea.rliest times; to have such material properly e<:Ilted, pul)lished by 
the State Printer as other State printing, and distributed under the 
direction of the Commission : to care for the projier marking ajid pres- 
ervation of battle-tiel-ds. houses and other places celebrated in the. 
Iii story of the State-; -to. diffuse knovvdedge iii reference to the history 
and resources of North Carolina: to encourage the study of North 
Carolina history in the schools of the State, and to stimulate and 
encoiu-age historical investigation and research among the people of 
I'.ie State; to malvC a biennial report of its receipts and disbursements, 
i!s woi-iv and nctrMps. to the Governor, to be Iw him tran.smitte<:l to the 
<b^!U'ral AsscDibly ; and said Commission is especially charged with 
M.H' duty of co-operating with the.Connnission ap}K)inted by the (tOv- 
<-rnor to make an exhibit at the JaniestoNvn Exposition in making at 
s;>id exposition an historical exhibit illustrating the history of North 
<';irolina from the earliest times. 

Sf.c. ?>. Said Conmrission shall iiave pov\'er to adopt a seal for use 
and otiicial ]>usi;iess: to adopt rules for its own government not incon- 
sistent with the provisions of this act: to fix a reasonable price for 


its pubricarioiis and. to devote the revenue arising from such sales to 
extendii]? rhe work of tlie Commission ; to-enjploy a seci#tary : co con- 
trol the expendiinre of such funds as may be appropriated for its 
inalntenanee : Froriaed. that at least <uie copy of its publications .-•■li;ill 
be furnished free of charge to ;iny pu!)ii'. '-school iibrarv or public 
library la North Carolina, ^^.tate oiUcers and meuibers of the General 
Assembly making appiication for the same through its constituted 

Sec. 4. Said Commission shall have an office or ottices set aside for 
its use by the Board of Trustees of the State Library in the State 
Library building: Provided, that until such otlice or offices" become 
available said Commission may rent an office or offices, the rent to be 
paid out of its maintenance fund. 

Sec. ">.. Any State, coimty, town or other pul>lic official in custody 
of public documents is hereby aaith'.a.-ized and empowered in his dis- 
cretion to tm'n over to said Commission for preservation any othcial 
b<x>ks, records, documents, original papers, newspaper files, printed 
books or porti:aits not ia current use m his otlice, and said Commis- 
sion shall provide for' their perumnenf preservation : and when so sur- 
rendered, copies iherefrom shall be made and certified under ihe seal 
of the Comniission upon appr[ca.tion of any person, which certification 
shall have the same force and effect as if made by the otncer originally 
in charge of them, and the Commission shall charge for such copies 
the same fees as said ofticer is by law allowed to charge, to be col- 
lected in advance. 

Sec, 6. For carrying out the purposes and objects of this act the 
sum of five thom^;uxd dollai-^s,, or so much thereof as shall be nc^sded 
over and above all of the funds derived from the. sale of the publica- 
tions 'of the Commission and all of the fees coiiec-ted under section 
five of this act, is hereby annualiy appropriated out of funds in the 
hands of the State Treasurer not otherwise appropriated, and upon 
order of the Commission the State Auditor is hereby empowered and 
directed to draw his warrant for this sum upon the State Treasurer. 
- ■ Sec. 7. This act' shall l>ein force "from and after its ratifi.catio,m 

In the General Assembly read three times, and ratifie<:l tliis the 8th 
day of :\Iari:h. A. D. 19(,n. 

.,^.v : ^ 



I Tte Xorrli Carolina Literarv and Historical Association, at 

I tlie aiinuni meeting. Januarv "23, 1903, adopted a resolution re- 

l questing the Legislature to pass an act creating an Historical 

5 Commission, charged vritk tlie duty of haTing collected, edited 

I, and published the historical soui'ces of the State. The Legisla- 

l' ture accordinglv passed an act (chapter 767 of the Puolic Laws 

f of 19^3) creating a commission of five members, appointed bv 

I the Governor, to serve for a term of lt^^o vears, without salary, 

I per diem or mileage. The act declared it their duty ''to have 

I .- collected from the iiles of old newspapers, from court records, 

i church records and elsevrhere valiuil/ie documents nertainina; to 

•i the history of the State,'' to have sttch docum.ents published by 

I the State Printer as public printing, and ''distrihuted by the 

I State Librarian, under the direction of the Commission." The 

f Commission was ''authorized to expend a sum not exceeding live 

hundred dollars annually in the collection and transcription of 

Under this act the Governor appointed W. J. Peele, of Ra^ 
leigh; J. D. Hufham, of Henderson; T. A. Sondiey, of Aslie- 
ville; Richard Diilard, of Edenton, and R. D. W. Connor, of 
Wilmington. At a meeting of the Commission^ Xovember 20, 
■ 1.903, at TTarsaw, X. C, Mr. Peele was elected Chairman and. 
-Mr. Connor Secretary. Owing to the fact that the members 
I A ■ lived in widely separated parts of the State and that the law 
I - expressly forbade the payment of. expenses incurred in attending 

to their duties, it was extremely difficult to secure a quorum at 
meetings, as shown by the fact that only one meeting was held 
■ during the two years of the first term. P.ificient v\'ork imder such 
circumstances was impossible: and, realizing the necessity of 
having members who were nearer to each other, the Governor, 
in 1905, appointed the following: W. J. Peele, of Raleigh; 
J. Bryan Grimes, of Raleigh; Thomas W. Blount, of Roper: 
C. L. Raper, of Chapel Hill, and R. D. W. Connor, of Raleigh. 
The Commission held its first meeting June S, 190r>, in the ofiice 


of tiio Secretary of Srate, at Raleigh, and re-eleered Mr. Peele 
Cliairman and 'Mr. ('Joniior Secretary. Tliough better work was 
accomplished than before, it soon became apparent that if the 
work expected of tlie Commission was to be done properly a dif- 
ferent and more etfectire organization was necessary. The Leg- 
islature of 1907, therefore, amended the act of 1903 (chapter 
.714 of the Public Laws of 1907), increasing the duties and en- 
largijig the powers of the Commission. Tlie members are now 
appointed for terms of two, four and six years, their successors 
to serve for six years. They receive no salary or per diem, but 
are allowed "acrual expenses when attending to tiieir ofiicial 
duties."' The appropriation was increased to 85.000 and the 
Commission was authorized to employ a salaried Secretary. The 
members of the present Commission are J. Bryan Grimes, W. J. 
Peele, TLomas W. Blounf . Yi. C. S. Xoble and D. H. Hill. At 
a meeting of the Commission held in the otlice of the Secretary 
of State, at Ealeigh. May 20, 1007 — the first meeting since the 
creation of the Commission in 1003 at which all members were 
present — Mr. Grimes was elected Chairman and Mr. Connor 
was re-elected Secretary. An office was set apart in the State 
Capitol for the Secretary and he rvas authorized to purchase 
such e(|uipment as was necessary for the work of the Commis- 


- The duties of the Commission are best stated in section 2 of 
the act of 1907: 

vSec. 2. It shall be the duty of the Commission to have collected 
from,, the files of old newspapers, court records, church ret-ords. pri- 
vate collections and elsewhere historical data pertaining to the his- 
tory of North Carolina and the territory included therein from the 
ea'i*liest times: to have snch material proijerly edited, published by 
the .State Printer as other State pri^rin,u^ and distributed under thi^ 
dire<.-tion of the C<)nunission : tu care for the pro])er markinir and 
preservation of battle-tields. houses and other places celebrated in tiie 
history of the State; to diffuse know led --'e in reference to the history 
and resources of ISorth Carolina ; to encourage the study of North 
Carolina history in the schools of the State, and to stmuilate \xn\\ 
encourage histoi-ical investigation and research ainon^- tlie ?)eople of 
the State; to make a l>lonnlai report of its receipts and disb^n-semenis. 
its work and nerds, to t!ie (rovernor. to be by hiiu transmitted to the 
General Assembly: .-mkI said il'onmiission is espe<:-iaily charged with 

f the «lnly of eo-oi>^rating- with tli*? Coiiiiuissiou ;.ip!>oiiite<l i»y tJie Gor- 

|; .-rsM*!' to iH.-ike :\q exliiliii .r: the J.-ui^estowii Exi)osition in iijaking- at 

m[ ;.;!i,i rxiH)sitioii a]) historical exhibit illustrating the history of >'artli 

|. ■ Taroluia t'ruiii the earliest times. 


4-- h will thus be seen that the Historical Commission is expected 

J; to do for the entire history of the State what Colonel William 

j h. Saunders and Chief Justice Walter Clark, by their uiunu- 

l'- aiental labors in the editing and publicatioii of "The Colonial 

i: Records" and ''The State Records" of ]Siorth Carolina, did for 

t ' liic period prior to 1790. Tiie great value of their work has been 

$ rt'co.irnized by students of American history throughout the 

■f ■ {'iiited States, and because of tiiese volumes the Colonial and 

% Revolutionary history of Xorrh Carolina is beginning to receive 

J. . - rhe recognition to "which it is entitled. Before the publication 

■f of these records it was fashionable amon.s; a certain class of 

-;J: "historians" to ignore the iirst century and a half of Xorth 

S - Carolina historv, or to mention it onlv to sueer. Stich an atti- 

.|-- „. . Hide now would condenm any author to deserved oblivion. But 

.^' It rimst be remembered that these volumes relate only to the 

f'(o/iod prior to 1790. It is, therefore, peculiarly the duty of the 

Historical Commission to continue this work for subsequent 

: Ticriods, though the Commission is not limited to any particular 

periods in its work. ' 

^ riie powers of the ComAuission are-outlined in the act, in sec- 

; *5*'n 3, as follows: 

f ''^i-A\ 3. Said Commission shall have power to adopt a seal for use 

f -uul official business; to adopt rules for its own government not incon- 

{_ _ • --tent with tlie provisions of "this act ; ro fix a reasonable" price for 

: '- ]'i:l)lieations and to devote the revenue arising from such sales to 

< ' '•T^iiiii: the worli of the Commission; to employ a secretary; to 

"■'Mdl the expenditure of such funds as may be appropriated fur its 

% lii.ontenance: Provhled, that at one copy of its publications 

^ '-hall he furnished free of charge to any public-school library or public 

^ ijstrary in North Carolina, State othcers and members of the General 

A-sv4.jni)]y Qiaking application tqv the same through its properly cou- 

^^ ^> Cited authorities. 


i ' e most important duty imposed upon tlie Historical Com- 
' i-'-ion is the duty of having collected, edited and published 
"bibrorical data pertaining to the history of Xorth Carolina and 


the territoiy included llierein from tlie earliest times." Tliese 
documents are to be foimd in the files of old newspapers, court 
and cluircli records, public and private letters of prominent men^ 
diaries and journals, and manuscripts of all kinds wkicn have 
historical value. The importance of this work is equaled only 
by the almost insuperable diiiiculties in the way. 3dany hun- 
dreds of invaluable historical documents and records have been 
lost or destroyed in Xorth Carolina, or carried away from the 
State to the archives and libraries of other States/'"' through the 
indifference of the State and the ignorance and carelessness of 
their o^Amers. Most of these are, of course^ lost forever, but 
'many others remain, which can yet be preserved. Siufi'ed away 
in dark corners, in desks and in cellars, all over I^orth CaroKna 
and_in other States are innumerable manuscripts,^ Vviiicli in the 
present situation are absolutely of no use to anybody, but if col- 
lected, properly edited and published or otherwise made accessi- 
ble to students, would be of incalculable value to students of our 

History cannot be written from tradition. Documentary evi- 
dence is the foundation of accurate hiscory writing. The col- 
lection of such evidence as to the history of J^orth Carolina and 
her eminent men is the duty of the Xorrii Carolina Historical 
Commission. The Commission, therefore, appeals to all pa- 
triotic citizens who love the State and her' magnificent history 
to aid in this work. Do you own letters or other documents of 
historical valued Let the Commission have them and make 
them accessible to sttidents. Do you know of the whereabouts 
of other such documeuts i Lend the Commission your assistance 
in procuring them. If the owners of such documents do not 
wish to part with them permanently, let them be plnced with 
the Commission as a loan, or let the Commission hnvc copies 
made. Originals or certified copies of valuable documents, 
church and court records, letters, maps, newspapers, jiortraits 
and pamphlets should be placed at the disposal of the Commis- 

*The caoilog-ue of the manuscript collections of the State. Historical Society of Wis- 
consin shows that that Society has in its librai-y- at Madison a larg-e collection of manu- 
scripts relating to North Carolina, among them being: lb volumes of Kin;?'.s Mountain 
Mss.: 3 volumes ox Mecklenburs: Declaration Mss : o volumes of Meekienburcr Declaration 
Miscellanies; 1 volume of North Carolina Mss.; 10 volumes of Rudolp-NVv' < Peter S. Ney) 
Mss.; 7 volumes of Tennessee M.^s., before Tennes.see was separated from N.^-th Carolina: 
and hundreCiS of other .Mss., relating to North Carolina in various collections. These 
Mss. Vv'ere collected in North Carolina and other Southern States by Dr. Lyman C. 
Draper, author of "Kin;^'s Mountain and Its Heroes." The State of Wisconsin has 
erected a may'iiilicent building for the pi-eservation of these treasures. 


MDU. All expense connected witli sucli work will be met by tlie 
r.)!ninission. Attention is bere called particularly to tbe fol- 
lowing section of the act of 1907 : 

Sue. r>. Any State, county, town or other public official in custody of 
i.i!f»ru' cKKrumerits is hereby authorized and eni})o\vered in his discre- 
i|..!i ro turn over to said Commission for pre-^ervation aiiy oflifi;il 
!ii'<tks, records, documents, original papers, newspaper tiles, printed 
|.(,H':vS oi* portraits not in current use in his office, and said Connnis- 
-ioii shall provide tor tiieir permanent preservatioa ; and when so sur- 
ri'udored, copies therefrom sliall be made and certified under the seal 
!.(■ tiie C-omniission upon applictition of any person, which certirlcation 
>;i;ill liave the same force and effect as if made by the oflicer origi- 
nuiiy in charge of them, and the Commission shall charge for such 
<<H.'us the same fees as said officer is by hivv allowed to charge, to be 
collected in advance. 

Tkoiigb "public documents'' only are mentioned in tbis sec- 
tion, the same care will be taken of valuable pri\ate papers that 
ni.'jv be given or loaned to tbe Commission, It should be borne 
ill ntind tliat sucb gifts or loans are not miide to tbe members of 
t'ite Commission as individuals, but as trustees for tbe State, and 
Hsar tliej will be preserved in tbe State arcliives by tbe State for 
the benefit of students of our history. All such material, after 
boing carefully edited, will be published by the Commission or 
otlierwise made accessible, and due acknowledgment wdli be 
made to all who aid in the work. Those who hate such material 
-ii'Tild not hoard it as the miser does his gold! 

It is perhaps not too emphatic a statement to say that there 
i' in the whole State of Xorth Carolina not a single private 
'i-'iise suitable for the' care and preservation of valuable histori- 
'■:d H.)cnment3. They can never be safe from ignorance, negli- 
■-'• u--(' or fire so long as they remain in private hands, nor can 
•h.-y ]>e accessible to students. But, placed in the keeping of the 
Slate, they will not only be made available for students, but 
^'ill also be certain of 'preservation. The otfice of the Xorth 
^';!roli7ia Historical Commission is in the State Capitol, a struc- 
ture of solid granite, with not enough wooden material in it to 
'aak(^ a respectable bonfire, and is accordingly absoltitely fire- 
pro<)t. All documents placed in the hands of the Commission 
'•vill not only be safe from fire, btit will be filed and cared for 
a ''cording to the best of modern methods. If placed with the 


Commission ns loans, they will ahyavs be subject to recall by tlie 
owners; if placed v/itU tlie Commission as gifts, cerritieJ copies 
under tlie seal of the Commission can be had upon application. 
Already the Commission has been practically assured of several 
such collections of great value.'"" It is not too much to expect 
that those men whose papers are thus made accessible to students 
will in the course of a few years enjoy enhanced reputations as 
the direct result of this course. 

l[any a man who served his countrv well and faithfully, who 
hoped for recognition by posterity and whose memory deserves 
to live, has been forgotten and the iniiuence of his life lost to 
posterity because his family have hoarded his papers and letters, 
which alone would furnish the data from v/hich the historian or 
biographer could write the story of his career. Thus many a 
mairs ambition to live in history has been frustrated bv those 
whose chief care should have been to preserve his memory. 

The history of ZNorth Carolina and the biographies of our 
distinguished men can never be written luitil such vrorkhas been 
properly done. It should not be a matter for pride that no 
biography of a Xorth Caroliniaji has yet found its Avay into the 
American Statesmen series, or the American Men of Energy 
series ; nor should we find pride in the fact that no volttme on 
^orth Carolina has yet been published in the American Com- 
monwealths series. These omissions cannot be charged to the 
prejtidice of publishers and historians against Xorth Carolina ; 
they are due to the fact that Xortli Carolinians have, imtil re- 
cent years, failed to collect and preserve their historical sources. 
Isor can the Xortli Carolina Historical Commission complete 
this work unless those wlio possess stich material will give their 
hearty co-operation. It is a work that cannot be accomplished 
in a year, nor in two years, btit is rather the work of a genera- 
tion. It is earnestly to be hoped that no cessation will be per- 
mitted until it is done, and thoroughly done. Xeed one urge 
upon intelligent people the importance and necessity of such 
work? ...... ... 

•Dr. J. G. de P.. Hamilton, Associate Professor of History in the University of North 
Carolina, i.'? ncv editintr for the Commission the letters of Governor-Jonatiian Worth, 
placed at his disposal by Governor Worth's children. These will be nublished bj- the 
Commission and will be the most valuable addition to our hi.-;Coricai literature iince the 
completion of the State Records by .Jud.are Clark. A lar.wre part of Governor Worth's 
letters and papers was destroyed by the burning of his house in Randolph counr>-! For- 
tunately, quite a collection was saved! 


^ The Commission earnestlv appeals, therefore, to all patriotic 

I citizens to lend their aid and give to the Commission the benefit 

^ of snch information as thev mav have, or such su£,'"'estion3 as 

I they may desire to make. Any communication addressed to the 

Secretary will receive prompt attention/" 


!" ''It shall be the dutv of the Commission * * * to care 

I for the proper -marking and preservation of battle-fields, houses 

I and other places celebrated in the history of the State." 

|. A visitor traveling through Xorth Carolina will look in vain 

\ for any statue or monument, stone, bronze or marble tablet. 

I with a very few striking exceptions, commemorating tlie services 

I of eminent sons of the State, or marking the sites of historic 

I events. It is. surely a striking, commentary on the development 

I of civic pride and spirit among our people that in all the two 

f hundred and fiftv years of our history the State has found but 

I one son to whom she. has been willing to pay the tribute of a 

I statue ! In the rotunda of the State Capitol are eight niches, 

I designed to hold the busts of eight eminent servants of the State. 

f These niches were completed nearly three-quarters of a century 

fago, yet they are as empty to-day as on the day the C^apitol was 
finished. Is it possible that no son of xv'orth Carolina, in all 
^ ■ the^e years^- has. rendered such service .to the State as to merit 

\ from the State the tribute of such a bust? -The Xorth Carolina 

I Historical Commission, at least, will not admit it, and one of 

f the objects to which its attention will be directed will be to fill 

I " these eight niches with haudsome marble busts and to place on 

\ the walls of the Capitol memorial tablets commemorating the 

L services of our forefathers. The Commission further desires to 


*The histoo' of the records of the meeting- at Charlotte in May. 1775. which has griven 
rise to the great controversy over the Mecklenbxii-g- Declaration of Independence is surely 
a warnhig sufficiently pointed to sustain the appeal the Historical Commission makes for 
the proper care and preservation of valuable private collections. The story, as told by 
I' Tompkins in his History of Mecklenbure: County, runs somewhat as follows: "The 

I official papers [of the 20th of May meeting-] were burned in the fire Which destroyed 

I John McKnitt Alexander's house, in ISGO." 

I "A copy of the oritjinal was sent before the burning- of the house to the historian 

|, Williamson, in New York, and it. together with the other sources of his history, were 

f[i5-itc] destroyai by a fire in that city." 
'The papers from which [Francis Xavier] Martin compiled his history [of North 
Carolina] were sent to France and have disappeared." 
]]The data for Garden's anecdotes [containing- a copy] has [sif] been lost." 
6 "No copy of the Cape Fear Mercury of June, 177-3. [which contained an account of the 

proceeding-s at Charlotte] has ever come to lis-ht, except the copy which Governor Martin 
sent to London, and which Mr. Stevenson, of Virg-inja, borrowed and did not return." 


i co-operate Tritli any local or State organization or -u'itli any per- 

\ • son in setting up on historic sites in any part of Z^orth Carolina 

j suitable commemorative stones, witli suitable ceremonies. 



The law also charges the Historical Commission ''to encour- 
age the study of ZSTorth Carolina history in the schools of the 
State.'' Surely it- would be diiricult to find a more important or 
. . a more inspiring work ihan to teach. rhe children of Xorth Caro- 

lina to know their State and to develop in them, a desire to serve 
the State, based upon knowledge of her Past and Present, and 
: an intelligent forecasc of her Future. It is perhaps not going 

too far to say that such knowledge is absolutely essential to 
intelligent public service. Xo man is. .fit to be entrusted with 
- '" .". ." control of the Present who is ignorant of the Past; and no peo- 

: ; , ' pie who are indifferent to their Past need hope to make their 

■ Future great. The proper study of history will keep us in mind 

of the continuous development of civilization and warn us of the 
danger of living in the Present without regard to the Past. 
The Present is born of the Past and is the parent of the Future. 
.:.; _ ./ . Xo people -can long endure who continually neglect the lessons 

of the Past. We have been accustomed to boast in ^^s-orih Caro- 
_ lina that we have made history and other people have written it. 
:• " ,..■. " It marks a distinct advance in our intellectual life that this 

■ . boast is now heard less freqtiently than formerly. A people who 

have not the pride to record their history will not long have the 
. ; ■ -• _ virtue to make history that is worth recording. >Ye are begin- 

ning to see the importance of writing our history. More work 
. ' ■ of this sort is isr?w being done in the State than at any former 

period. This work will make it possible to teach the history of 
1 Xorth Carolina to our children. 

;v - ■ The history of Xorth Carolina will soon be tau2:ht in every 

]■ \ . ' school in the State. Text-books should be used, but pupils, 

! . ' , ■ especially in the high schools, should be led to extend their 

( 7 studies bevond the narrow covers of the text-book. The ISTorth 

Carolina Historical Commission desires to co-operate with the 
teachers of the State in this work, furnishing such material as 
will enable them to do it intelliirentlv. To meet this need the 



< ' .v;.(niss!OQ will issue leaflets giving contemporary accounts of 
i.n|M>rt,aat events, and reprints of important historical docu- 
;.,»!, ts, sucli as may be used in the class-room. These leaflets will 
i;,' .lisrributed among the schools of the State, to those ^eachers 
.\ho a[>piy to the Secretary of the Commission for them. It is 
li^fpod that they '^dil develop interest in the history of the State 
■ usid t^timuiate students to continue their investigations into 
!ur;^er holds. 


1^' TLc Historical Commission is to seek to stimulate and encour- 

P" itL'v historical research and investigation among the people of 

r . the State. The only practical method by which this can be done 

I; ;.-i through local and county associations and patriotic societies. 

I'" . Si!<"h organizations cnn do much lo siimnlate interes-t in the his- 

I . t'^ry of the State^ in the care and preservation of local archives, 

/• • tn the collection of documents illustrating social, industrial and 

t /''iucational conditio^is, in the preservation of church and family 

I nv'ords, in the marking of historic sites and the celebration of 

I v!;!Tnvrrsaries of historic events, and by general co-operation with 

J *-i''' v/ork of tlie Historical Coiumission. 

m Ilovr much such work is needed was revealed by an investiga- 

I t!.MU made bv Mr, Clarence H. Poe, Secretarv of the l^orth 

^ '- '.inrlina Literary and Historica.! Association, in 1904. Mr. Poe 

I -''jt to every county superintendent of public schools in the 

I >':itf^ a postal card, with return card attached, asking these ques- 

I 1. Has the history of your county ever been written? 

I '2. Are there any organizations for the study of local and State 

4 -i^tory in your county ? 

^ i hero were ninety-seven superintendents in the State. Thirty- 

i two of- them did not feel enough interest in the matter to reply. 

i Or the sixty-five who replied, seven answered the first question 

% . -'-'irmatively; fifty-eight in the negatiA~e. To the second ques- 

^ *i-'ii one replied in the afiirm.atiye; sixty-four in the negative. 

ihere is not a county in ^orth Carolina that does not have a 
history y»-eil worth recording. There is not a county in Xorth 
'•• -'irol ina in which there arc not documents of historical impor- 


tance rxiid inrerest. There is not a county in Xortli Carolina in 
wiiieh these documents are not being destroyed by rhe dozens 
annually for want of some efficient county historical association 
to preserve them. The Historical Commission T\-ill gladly co- 
operate with any persons who desire to form such associations or 
to develop those already in existence. 


'('hon^:}i eojisiidor.-ibly haiuI'N-apped by inadequate powers and t■und^• 
MMder tJie act of^lDit;'.. the Coninn>^sjon was not alto.L'ether idle. avS 
the foUowin.^: results show: 

'J'he Conuuission has printed the foHowint,': 

Rfpoi't of the North Carolina Plistorirad Commission to Governor 
riiarles I). Aycoek. ll)<*:'-lU'jr>. 

Advanced Sheets of Literary and Historical ActiviTies in North 
<"arolina. 1900-lfK-.'. Part T, relatin.ic to the Work of the State Literary 
and Historical A^isoclation. Corjpiled and eilited by W. J. I'eele and 
ria.rence H. I'oe. 

.\(lv;mced Sheers of Literary and Historical Activities in North 
Carolina. llMiiViiM;.-'), run IL relatintr to the Reijorts of Historical 
nrtranizations in North Carolina. Compiled and edited by W. J. 
r(>ele and Clarence H. P(.e. 

Five Points in the Pecord ot NortJi (Carolina in the Great War of 
ISi'd-is;,-;.-). The Report of the Committee appointal by the State Lite- 
r;iry ;ind Historical A-sociatiou. 10O4. to reply to the Charges of 
Jnd,-re Georire L. Christian, of Virixin.ia. 

A State Lda-ary Bnildini: and Department of Archives and Records. 
An address delivered by R. r>. W. Connor before the State Literary 
aad Histori'-al Associa.tion at Raleigh, November 13. V.Kn). Reprinted 
iron! ••The North Carolina Booklei." 

S..ane Notes on Colonial North Carolina, 1700-1750. by J. Bryan 
(iriraes. Reprinted from '"The North Carolina Booklet." 

Tiie P>eginuings <ff Enirlisii-America : Sir Walter Raleiirh's Efforts 
to PJunt an. English Colony on Ro:inoke Island, b'.M:-l.~)S7. By 
R. I>. W. Connijr. Prepared for distrilnition at the Jamesto^^■n Expo- 
sit i-ai. 
■ The Commission has the following in press: ^ 

Literary and Historical Activities in North Carolina. IDOO-lOOr*. 
<'o[M!)lled and edited by W. J. Peele and Chirence H. Poe. 

L)ooumentary History of Public Education in North Carolina. 
1S(;()-i840. Compiled and e<lited by Charles L. Coon. 

The Commission has had copied for publication: 

Records of St. PauTs Vestry. Edenton, N. C. from ./anua.ry .3, 
1714-171."i. ic Octol)er !.">, 177i;. Copied under the direction of Dr. 
liichard Dillard. 

The Private Letter-! (ooks of (Governor Jonathan Worth. Compiled 
;ind edited b.y Dr. .1. G. de R. Hamilton. 

The Gmeial Letters from the Executive Letter-books of: 


Governor Riclj.ard, DiW.hs Spai.irlit. lTM2-lTl»r». 

Governor S.-msutM .\sli^^ ITH.'-lT;):*. 
I Governor William Richardson Davie. l7i>iX 

Governor Benjamin Williams, isco-lsoi!. 

Governor David Stone. ISi'S-l.^lO. 

The Commission has had olaced in the liall of Hisrory. under th',- 
direrrion of Colonel Fred A. Olds. Direeior. the follo'.vin.ix piemres 
illuscratin.LT the history of North ("a.rolinat : 

Three jiic-rures of treaty n'itli Tiisc-nrora Indians. 

Ten pictures illustratii.i.2 colonial Edentou. 

Three pictures illusiratlng colonial Wilmimrton. 
: Two pictures illustratin^j: colonial Bath. 

Two pictures of Hayes. 

Seven ]>ictm-es ill'istr.itin.^ War of the Re.txulators. ; 

One picture of General Robert F. Hoke. 

One picture of An*lre\v J(;huson"s hirth-plaoe. 

One picture of "The New Bern Gazette." containinsr the Mecklen- 
burg FiGSolves of :^ray 31. 177.">. 

One picture of Richard C<\irdeirs letter relatin.i? to the above copy 
of "The New Bern Gazette." 

Twent.v-six pi<-tures iilus trailing Indian life in Norrdi Carolina. 
Painted by .John White in :1.">SG and photog-raplioil from the engrav- 
ings of Theodore DeBry. U-'-U). 

The Commission has had painted by Mr. Jacqii^es Busbee pictures 
of the site of Sir Walter Ralei.^h's Roanoke Colonies as they appear 
to-day. These pictures are on exhibition at the Jamestown Exposi- 

The Commission appropriated one hundred dollars (Sb'iO) to aid 
the History Committee of the In orth Carolina Conunission of th(.' 
Jamestown Exiiosition in making an historical exhibit at the James- 
town Exposition. 

i i 


i .1 

I North Carolina Historical Commission 11 


DULLETfN No, 2. 











^- O R F O I., K . %" 1 i l( . I N I A . 

APRII. 2ii—nECJiJsinKR 1, 100" 

PORTRAITS AXl) 31 V^r>Ciin;''I 5- 



XT -T<.>J)rAN. 


Nor':h Carolina HistOxHIcax. Commission, 

THE NOilTil (Alio LIN A insroUK AL COMMLS>l()y 

J. Bryan Grimks, Chairman, Raieig-'n. 
W. J. Peele, Raleijrh. Thomas W. Blount. Roper. 

M. C. S. Noble. Chapel Hiil. D. H. Hill. Raleigh. 

R. D. W. Connor, Secretary, Ra!eig-h. 

THE XOiriH CAPvOElXA ( () MAris-K) X OF THi: 

George S. Powell, President. 
G. W. HiNSHAW, Vicp-President. D. C. Barnes, Secretary. 

E. L. DaL'GHTRIDGE, Treasurer. J. E. Pogue. Commissioner-General. 

J. W. Atkinson. U. B. Blalock. 

H. C. DocKERY. D. J. Carpenter. 

John Faison. 


Mr,-:^. Lindsay Patterson, Chairman, "Bramlette," Winston-Salem. 

Miss Rebecca Schenck, Greensboro. 

Miss Mary Hilliard Hinton, "'Midway Plantation," Ra!eig-h. 

"We sometiuies meet witb persous whr) want to 2;et away from their 
past: tbey care uotbing' for iL and will actuaiiy tell you "The past i>i 
dead and gone ; I care nothins about it." And yet our life and breath 
and strength and language are a part of the past. We mny ignore 
it, but we cannot seijarare ourselves from it : we may sneer at it. but 
we tire still a part of it; we are. after all. vrhat the past has made us, 
;ind into our lives has come the common life of our forefathers. We 
must, therefore, if faithful to our pi\st._ conserve their experience and 
<.»urs ; for we must know how we became what we are in order to be- 
come better than we are. At the same time, we might with perfect 
charity say to those who ignore or sneer at the past that, wlien the 
wisdom of this world selects for its leaders, in church or state, in 
army or navy, those who have least experience : that when this world 
gives its steamships to captains who t]irov\' overboard all the maps 
and charts of the past; gives its banks and Insurance companies to 
men who are exploiting brand-new systems of hnance: gives its col- 
leges and schools to professors who sneer at history and will have 
nothing to do with the philosophy, the literature, the logic, the art or 
the mathematics of the past"; that w^hen men thus conduct the world's 
business. th€)i, and not till then, can the past be neglected by any 
true man or \^•oman.■■ — Dr. Isaac Brittingham, in a sermon delivered 
'before the Daughters of the Revolution at St. Luke's Church, Wheel- 
ing, West Virginia, May, 1907. 


i i 







,^ ~^-t.. 



.V^ijb&«swj«^&-;*it:- ^iV,JT^r^is..-.,B-?:i-i:i: 

1- n . ; v-'-'s 

i-:- .^■^, 


Ill (.■oiupiliii.i:: this 1>rief nocount and eoiii[tleto e;Ual«).inio of >nn' His- 
turicnl Exhibit at Jaiiiesri»\vii Kx[>(>sition we laiinot t<n'.i:ot rhc nauiHs 
of these M'h(^ i-'ave so freely their tinie. symj^athy ami unfailinc: jissist- 
aiu-e — without \^-hi<-h our phins vvoiihl have heen merely air <'astles. 
First (if all we extend heartiest thanks to rhe North Carolina ('omnais- 
sioners — partienlarly to ('olonel J. K. Pf'^'iio. the Comniissioner-Geu- 
eral. ;uid .Messrs. <t. S. P<>\^-ell and G. W. Hinshaw — from whom eame 
the fiiiatirial support; to the State Historieal Commission for suppie- 
meritintr this appropriation: to the Wachovia Historical Society for the 
loan of its priceless relics, thereby starting the loan exhibits; to Gov- 
ernor Glenn, the Council of Stare and .Fustices of the Supreme Court 
for the portraits from the Exectitive Mansion, the State Library and 
the Supreme Ccnrt Library: to Colonel Fred A. (31ds, for ti'easures 
from the Hall of History and for siipervisinir the packiuiX and ship- 
piuij: of the State ]n->'perty and various other essential details: to rhe 
late Mv. T. K. Brurier. whose advice on. all points was sought and 
cheerfully given, and proved invaluable: to the i hairmen who col- 
lected from every section of the vState our exhibit: to the patriotic 
men and women of Xorrh Carolina who risked so much in the cause, 
and for whose co'ilidence and p-uldic spirit vre offer expressions of 
genuine ai)preciat!On- and lasting obligation. If there is one name 
whose generous piatrlotism merits special mention it is that o'f Colonel 
Bennehan Cameron — but we are grateful to all. and the list is very 
long. proving the warm interest of oitr people: l"he Vestrymen of 
St. Paul's Church. Mrs. and Miss Drane. Mrs. W. p. Pruden, Mrs. 
James Warren. :Mrs. Patrick Matthew. Miss Moore. Miss M. F. 
Skinner. Dr. Rich;ird Diliard. Messrs. John. Julian and Ilal Wood, 
Ldonton : Miss Al!»ertson. Mesdames S. S. Nixon. E. C. Chaytor and 
J. P. Overman. Elizabeth City: ^Misses H.-irvey and Xorcom. Hert- 
ford: Mr. Cadwallador li'edell. Mrs. Ft. L. Payne. Norfolk: Mrs. G. P. 
C<,!]ins, Ilillsboro: Mrs. P. C. Graham. Durham: Mesdames E. E. 
Momtt. Helen DeP.. U'ills. Peter E. Hines and Walter </lark. Dr. 
I'. E. nines. Misses Katha.rine B.i^ltrer. Elizabeth P. Jones. Ma.ry 
L;uu-ens Hintrni. Messrs. Jacques Bust-ee and -^Llrshall De Lancey 
Haywood. Baieiiih : Mesdames 'J'. M. Wjishingtoii. F.rnest Deans. F. A. 

Gorbaiu nnd O. IT. Wainwri^jrhf, Wilson: Mrs. F. A. Jenkins, Xiisli- 
ville: Mrs. A. W. .Middlelon. Birmingham. Al:i. : Miss Susie Gentry, 
Tennessee: Mrs. Willi.-nn Ilnru. Tarboro: Judire A. ^V. Graham. Ox- 
ford: Mrs. s. U. Fowle. vrashin-ton: AEajor William A. Graham. Mach- 
peiah: .Me.-sr'^. J. O. Carr and J. S. lluoper. Wilminu'ton : Mr. W. M. 
Miller. 3Iemphis. Tenn. : Miss Catlierine Carriiran. Caiijirrns County; 
3ir. T. S. Hall. Rowan County: Mr. John Miller, KeuMusville : -Mrs. 
P. B. Kennedy. IToustonville : "Atr. Robert Rjimsey. Rowan County; 
Mr. A. M. Ledford. Cleveland County; Mrs. J. E. Wells. Magnolia; 
Mrs. Cox. Mount Olive: AFrs. .T. M. Roberts. Patterson Springs; 
Mi.sses .Srirewalt. Davidson; Mrs. P. E. Smith. Afiss Adelaide 
Smith. Mrs. Xorrleet Smith. Scotland Xeel^ : Miss Lake McNary, 
Guilford County; :SIr. W. X. Hall. Iredell County; Miss Susan Latti- 
more. Cleveland County; Mrs. W. H. Cloyd. Lenoir: IVLiss Sallie C. 
Jackson. Carthage: Miss Virginio Payne Hargrove. Washington; 
Mrs. E. J. Justice. M. Dawes Appleton St:ip!es, Mrs. John D. Staple.^., 
Airs. Lucy M. Moss. Misses Re!>ecca Schenc-k. Jennie Johnston Hor- 
ney. Freila Biihman. The Guilford Battle <Tround Company. Greens- 
boro : Mr>. S. G. Ayr. Rev. F. X. Skinner. Air. Robert Carver, Miss 
Alary Laugdun Ayr. Colonel Wharton J. Grt-en. Fayetteville; Mrs. 
J. B. AViihlers. Warsaw : Airs. F. C. Roberts, Alessrs. R. B. Aliller and 
J. J. Wiikins, Shelby ; Alesdames Ruth Baker and J. R. Thomas, 
AVaynesville ; Alesdames Anninda Jameson. S. AT. Furr. F. R. Sharpe. 
S. W. Stevenson. Aliss Sue C. Creswell. Air. alid Airs. - J. C. Xeil, 
Alessrs. Julius A. Alelchor. Barron W. Pressley and David Z. Gray. 
Alooresville: Alesdames F. E. Seliars. T. C. Vaughan. T. W. Smith and 
Captain W. H. Turreutine. Burlington: Captain Samuel Webb and 
Rev. D. A. Long. D. D., Graham ; Airs. S. A. Lawrence, Iredell County ; 
Mesdames Best and ^\. E. Turner, Alessrs. J. Paul Leonard and 
T. AI. C. Davidson. Statesville: Alesdames George Green and C. A, 
Stevens. Aliss Cordelia AA'hitford. Xew Bern, and others. 

To the people of Edenton vv-e are more than grateful for innumera- 
ble courtesies, and especially to Air. and Airs. John Wood. Aliss 
Sophie Wood. Air. and Airs. W. D. Pruden. Afrs. Patrick Alatthew 
and Dr. Richard Dillard. 

To Majur Jos^r-ph Af. Morehead, Pr-^sident of The Guilf.)rd B;ittle 
Ground Couipany, we tender our hearty thiinks for generous aid and 

To >[iss LiJ;i T, Rodinaii for the grear pains taken, and the loan 
of a priceless ooUeorion of heirlooms, we are deeply grateful. 

We have never thanked Mr. A. K. Chishohn snltieiently for con- 
tinuous courtesies while at the Exixjslrion. and never can. 

To Mr. Julius A. Linehack and 'Sh: Fred Ci-ist, of Sa.leiu. we offer 
cordiiil fhanks for assista.nce in installation and par^king. Also, we 
are indebted to ^Ir, Linel»ack for data in preparing the article on 
Waehovia's Exhibit. To Messrs. AV. S. and Bernard Pfohl and Rev. 
•T. II. Clewell we return thanks for assistance in collecting uifonna- 
tioM for the same purpose. 

The custodians were exceedingh- thoughtful and heh'ful. To Lieu- 
tenant-Governor Ellyson and Dr. J. A. C. Chandler, of Virginia, we 
owe much; to Messrs. Albert Cook Myers. Pennsylv.ania ; ^^'. Clayton- 
Torrence. Virginia: II. 15. ITandy. M.aryland : Dr. V>'illi;iiii C. Mills. 
Ohio, we feel there exists a del^t of gratitude that can never be paid. 
We are also deeidy in debt to Mi-. Cuyler Reynolds. New York : 
:yri^s Beiming. Gcoricia : Mr. Jusrioe J. T. Blo.lgett, Rhode Island: 
Mr. F. B, Lee. New Jersoy : .Mrs. C. Albert Hill. South C;U'olina : . 
Misses Heth and Baker, of the Colonial Dames' Exhibit: Dr. Ma- 
rion D. Learnt'd. Pennsylvania : [Mrs. [Maupin, L). A. li. Exhibit. 
and the custodians of ^^'e■^t \'irginia's display — all were kind and 
friendly, and the pleasant memories of those days can never be for- 
gotten or love for the History Building grow <lim. It was thei-e we 
realized "The sun nowhere shines so bright as in Virginia." or quite 

so warm. 



Tbe keynote <>t' Anieru'.-ui life is prouTess — ;in exfelU'Ut ;ui(l most 
l)(j\Terful (-h.-ii'Mcrei-isric : yet hnrui mihI ultiiuare ruin will surely 
follow in its tr.-iil unless safeu-uarded by conservatisin. No study so 
en.u'eniiers nuil [UY'iuotes the <-ulcivarion of tins dun-k to vandalism as 
does liistoj'y. At last the douiinant trait ot the Anudo-Saxon race is 
asserting: itself and we lievoniinu^ more liko our re!a.,tives oversea, 
who Lcua.rd s.-irrediy whatever t-ears on their ,:;Iorions [last. The 
vari'.Ais oriLrinal thirteen States *liffer widely in the I'osst-ssion of a 
geuiiine hisror-ie ai'freeiatio.n.. Massachusetts awoke h>nj: a.LCt>. autl 
now has no equal for vi.:.,dl;tuce in [iroteetin,:^' her treasures. \'ir,u;!ida, 
due lar.irely to circunistaiices. slumbered nia.ny years lomror. but now 
riva-ls her sisrer New Euuiaud State. Others are lethariric. lait hf^ai'd 
the bULde call to duty sounded at JaniosKnvn Exposition. North 
(Cart.»]ina. like liii* Van Winkle of old. has been arouse<l from an anjia- 
rently connitose state in the .mountains of silence, and ha.s sou.u'ht the 
inteileetrial activity of the ne'A- life beyond, rncertaiu Iiow to jtro- 
ceed. by de^:rees she bec<ame a.t last accustonicd to the detnand.s of the 
•times, and is nudvin^^ rajad adv;incement. Si.uais of the hisT(»r!cal 
a\A'akein!iL; are visible on adl sides : the [n^iblicatii'U of the Coloidal and 
State liecords. the fornnition of ])atriotic societies, of her sons and 
daughters, the oru-anization of a Literary and Histori'-al Associa.tlou. 
the Hall of Ilistc^ry. the creation of a State Historical (,'onnnission, 
the establishment of X<>rth Carolina Day in tiie publi*- schools, and 
the awarding of medals for historical work- — all reveal the need of the 
hour and the trend of imblic thought. 

Xothing has shown so forcibly this historical awakening in the Old 
Xorth State as the exhildt she i»l;;Ced in the History Building at 
Jamestown. This was maale with the people's money, by tlie p»e(.)i)le 
and for the peor>le. It is. iuch^ed. gratifying to Ivuow she was credita- 
bly represented at this most interesting Exp>osition of the c-entury, 
where hist(n-y was given a place never l)efore accorded in the annals 
of America. As fashion and history re[>eat themselves, so au:ain the 
daughters (»f O.-ir, dina ha\'e tadvcu tiie lead and liave done their duty 
in placing her where she jusrly belongs — in the front rank. Too much 
praise caiuior be given Airs. Lindsay Patterson, Vice-l'resident General 
<»f the Dauu'hters of the American Ilevohition. who first planned and 
arranged this exhibit. The Jamestown ('ommission for North (;aro- 
lina api!ro{)riate<l as much money as coidd be spareil for this olxiect, 
which was n<»t a large sum. This was supplemented by a snnill 
amoinit frcan the St.-^.te Historical Oonnnission. Afi-s. Pa.tterson was 
assisted by Miss Rebecca Schcnok. of Greensboro, aud .Miss Mary Hib 
Hard. Ilint*»n. of Raleigh, wlio irave mourlis of ardu.ous toil to this 
I'tatrioftc cause. Norrh Garoiina aaid South Carolina were the only 
States in which women had sole charge of the exhibits. 

^ ■ - 

r • 


lu Dirler ti> work .^j-STc-maticnlly. the Sratt^ \v;is pqii.-tlly (UvifLMl by 

^„ an iui.-i.LTiiuiry lino benveeu Mis>;es Sehenck and Hinton. The former 

I collected relics in rue ^A-t'St. while the eastern half was assii.'ned the 

i latter, (.'hairnien were appointed in the chief t<»wns and C(anities to 

gather articles of th^^ Colonial and Rox-olnrioiiary perioils. which 

) g'reatly facilitated the task assuujed. which Vv-ould have been quite- 

' impos.siblc. withonr the .uren^'rous add of rhes*^ i)atrioric ( 'aroliinans. 

i To the f«;llowinir. wh>) oaiipost'tl the li?i:t. is dne a lastiuL^ delit (if ijrrati- 

tnde. Their patience seemed exhanstless. their patriotism most keenly 
if ,. 

^ alive : 

? Mrs. S. G. Ayr Fay(!tteville. 

^ Mrs. iiiHn'-^^- <;reen New Bern. 

I- : ]Miss Lida Tinisr;ill Redman Washiny;tou. 

^ Mrs. ^larshall Williams Faison. 

p Miss Adelaide Smith Scorland Xeck. 

? ■ • Mrs. C. M. Paries Tarboro. 

I ' ' ' IMiss* Cathei-lue SHyt<:tn Albertson Elizabeth City. 

I Mrs. W. D. Priideu Edenton. 

I :Mrs. T. M. Washiu-ton Wilson. 

Mrs. W. (). Shannc-n Henderson. 

I ^risses Emma an*! Rachel Harvey Hertford. ^ 

^' . ' Mis.s Peueloru? Ho-^kins Xt;>re'>m Herrff)rd. 

Miss ITinton Raleigh. 

I Colonel Fred. A. Olds , Raleigh. 

1. Colonel Bennehan <'ameron Raleigh. 

K ' Mrs. Phifer Erwin Morganton. 

I _ Mrs. Oe».)rge C. Goodman , . . , .Mooresville. 

t :\rrs. J. F. Ri >berts Shelby. 

? Mrs. Banks Holt .: Bnrlingtim. ' . 

^ ' Mrs. Josephine L. Branner .Waynesville. 

^ Mrs. Beale Arden. 

?*rrs. W. R. Rej-nolds Winston-Salein. 

;- Miss Rebecra Schenck , Greensboro. 

i Mrs. Henry D. Blake Greensboro. , 

Mrs. .John X. Stai)les <Treensboro. " _ 

Mrs. Lncv M. :\[oss Greensboro. 

Mrs. J. X. Frv. Greensboro. 

* ' 

I Miss Buhman . Greensboro. 

I Mrs. Jennr C. Horiiev. Greensboro. - 

The e?i:hibit was in charge of a custodian all the time. These ladies 
filled that position in the following order: Misses Schenck. Hinton, 
Vaiighan and Minnie Albertson. 

The space ail-.^tf-'d Xorth ( 'arolina was 22 x 2'^ feet, between the sec- 
tions tilled by XVw .Tersey and <Teorgia. which was rather small for 
the nnmber of articles collfcted. and for lack of r(tom some relics were 
necessarilv re,ie<-te<l. Thirteen cases were purchased: an accident ren- 


dered one asel<.'5S. due probably to Its tabooed onmluT; so onlv one 
dozen v.-ere luilized. 0\\-iiii; ro rliese facts, rhe cdlection was re- 
stricted to rhe Coloijial and Revolutionary and the War of 
1S12. and much of ,,ur niosr valnabie history ^va.s elimia.'ired. Tlie 
Dan,u:lKers ot' the Aiueri'.-an Kevolurion. rcin-esiMited by Mrs. P;;r-er- 
son. enlisted their etforrs for the State, instead of placinu' rheir exliibit 
with tUa.r of the National Society of the Dan-jrhters <'f rhe American 

Tlie Mrranu'ement of the reiics was eiironoloii-ical. sa\>' wlienever rhe 
artistic .lemanded precedence. How can one wriie of this hallowed 
past and the ijallanr statesnjen and attractive dames of that tryinic 
period v/ithont sbrinkinx:. a.s it were, from rlie task': (Jan justice be 
meted v.-irh the lap-se .,»f s,^ many decades V Indeed, tlie Hall <'f Plis- 
tory was a veritable Gallery of Ghosts: T(,) write of iliem is no easy 
task. Then, a.irain. to touch upon such a multiplicity (.-f vari'..)us 
topics, without deu'cneratinLT into a tiresome catalogue, is quite un- 
avoidable. Only the salient [/oinrs vriil !:^e touched up'-n. to avi.rid 
enunierariou of detail. A complete list a.ppears farther on, to shov^- of 
just what i>ur collection cousisred. 

With a desire ro start vritli the beurinnim.^ of our State's history, and 
not v.itli an ;:Dii>irioii to ;jnteda_te the tirst pcniiHi'ent En;_'lish sectle- 
ment at Jajnestown by twenty-two years, the story of the ""Lost 
Colony" was ^iven in paintings. The coat-of-arms of Sir Waiter 
Raleigh hung on the ito^t. crowning all. Then were placed, so as to 
form a frieze extetiding along the ton of the two partitions which, 
formed the side walls of our space, the White Pictures, these being 
'"the true pi(/tures and fashions of the p-eople in that pai-t of America 
discovered by Englishmen, sent thither in the year of cair Lorde loS5. 
at the special charu-e and direction of the Honourai»le Sir Walter 
Raleigii. Knight, Lord Warden of the Stannaries in duchies of Corn- 
wall and Oxford, vrho therein hath bynne favoured and authorized by 
lier ?vlajesre and her letters patents, diligentlye drawne by J.jhn 
White, who was sent s[.eciaily and for the same i>urpose by the said 
Sir Walter Kaleiudi, the year aforesaid. loS.5. and also the year 13'"'^.'" 
The seventy-three originals, after being long losr to the world, were 
linally restored to the British Museum, where tliey are now kept in 
tiie (Ji'onville ( 'oilection. Copies were marie last year by Mr. Si»encer 
Bainl Xlch<»ls for the United States Government, to be placed in 
Smithsonian lusiinue. At the same time Colonel Bennehaai Cameron 
gave tile artivt jsn order fo?- these paiivtings to i)e executed for exhibi- 
tion, in the North Carolina Historical Kxlubit, permission Iniving been 
granted by the Government. Afterwards they were broULcht to Ra- 
leigh and now adorn the Hall of History. A more generous act fre-m 
, ii more patriotic citizen it would be h:ird to hnd. John White was 
ordered to reitair to lioanoke Island to study and nndce sketchis r.f 
the abori'.'ines. This was accomplished iti one year, less rive days. 
The jjjiinriiiu^s on e.viiilution repre.sented the Indian features, their 

t '^'^^W^ 



; 1 



^ ---^iS^-j* 

4 i 


II * 



• ~ ./' 

' '^'g^!gf:;;gj'^"r-^'rnin'y-=*Tf^-*'-''^Pf"''^Wi 


iiuMles OL in'tiyer. cl;iiieiP.;r. lisliiLir. (■<i<>kiiiL:- and I'tiii?!:;: the styU'S of 
<lress adopted by their ebiel\«. religious men, medicine men. warriors : 
llieir wivmen mid children: views of their viila.iies: and tombs: their 
.-•allies and nu'ans of makiiiu' the same. Tlu' i>irinrt's tleoietiiv,' their 
* tuilt'tCv'S are as fidlows: ( ll t A lIero^^-an ('liii'!": (;■;) TLie l-'lycr ; 

I if)) Their Chief Ilerowan's \Yife .Mf INnjiece and her dauudirer : i 7 i One 

I of the wives of Wymryno : ( s i The manner of their attire a.nd Daititin.L? 

I their la'.-es wlipn tiiey -'•<) hnuriii^- : !l*>i The Y-ani.:: Pome<e : ill) An 

I a.:,'ed man in his linntiiiu:. .2:armenr ; (12) The Wife <»f a llerowan of 

I SeciUan : ( V>'\ One of tiie reiiu-ions men of Secotaii: n~) A Chief's 

I Wife of Florida: ili A Chiof of Florida. 

I Their mode of worshi]* is revealed in No. 4. their manner of prayer. 

I with their rattles alout the tire, and < o ) their dances which they had 

I at their hi.^h feasts. 

I Three pictures give clear idea.s of their carchinj: tish. broilin.ix the 

I foopi. wiien <-au,i.dit. <>u a frame above a roarin;.' tire, and, lastly, the 

I prinutive custom of diniuLr. ••sirtinu' at meat." 

I Two villa'jfes are shown — curious wo<idon houses, arran^ied in a 

I cir?-le. surrounded by a stockade. Tlie m(;de of burial is intert's'ting. 

p There is the toml>. in v\diich th^^ br.dies. prepared so that thoy resenUde 

I the Egyptlun mummies, are laid on a shelf, to be c\U'ed 1)y the smoke 

I of the tire built beneath. 

I Beneath these first inipressi<»ns of otir Indians were arranged the 

I e.Yvellent oil p;iintings. thirteen in number, from the brush of :\tr. 

'* .Tacques Busbee. of Kaleigh. which ■zive the story of Roanoke Island 

I of to-day. The s;ind dtine<. the blue sky overhead, the lu-illiantly 

I tinted water, the v.-aves lashing tlie shore, the forests of original 

f growth — all are so vividly portrayed that one feels that one is in re- 

I ality gazing upon this sacred spot, where was enacted tlie saddest trag- 

I edy of American history. There were Ballast Point, where Raleigh's 

f <-o}onv landed: the site of Fort Raleigh, whose entrenchments have 

I deiied the storms of the three t'onturies and are still -fusible, and the 

I monument to Virginia E>are. nestling in a bower r>f greenery. Mr. 

I Busbee was appointed by the State Historical Commission to till this 

I order to be e.xiiibited at Jamestown. He spent six weeks on the 

I island foi- that purp»ose, which he accomplished well and conscien- 

I tiously. 

King Charles II. and the Lords Proprietors— the noVde and the 
ignoble blending — types of monarch and cav.alier of the t)eriod, looked 
not otit of place in tliis republican land, with a minglerl a,rray of 
democratic A,.'mericans. so gradiml has been the evolution. There they 
hang in the order of their rank: the King: Edv>-ard Hyde. Earl of 
Clarendon; George Monck. Duke of Albemarle: TVilliam. E.arl (»f Cra- 
F von: ,Jo!ui. Lord Berkeley: Anthony. L(U-d Ashley: Sir George Car- 

teret: Sir Y'illiam Berkeley. Sir John Colleton's likeness has been 
onutted. because there is no knowti portrait of him. . These photo- 
gru[)hs were made from oil [Portraits in the possession of Mr. James 


Sprunr. lU-irish Vi.-.'-Cunsul .ir WJIiuiiiirmn. tlic (.iiiy (••tili-crion in 
oxistfuu-e. Jnhu Lo<;k<\ wIkk whii.- secrcrni'y r<) the iCarl ((f SlmrTo's- 
biiry, drat'ti'd liis exrraoniinary FuiHlamciiral C'unstirurions. has not 
befni iu'ih'ivd. Inu at; eiiirrariiiLT of him is u'iven ai) eU'varcd jxisiriuii. 
r.awsoirs iiiaj' ^f rho rol.aiy, t-losr liy. was a '-TotMl u'nidc t<> rii*' wilder- 
ness rided wirh the redsicins, \\\h[ aidiiials and •'the ffire>»t {.rinieval." 
The ^Tenp (.)r" poL'trairs. while no,': exhausci\'e. \Nas eoniiirehensive. 
Many or' the niosr i>i-o!iii!ienr Xoi-th ('areliniaus who ;j:ave rheir lives 
to the serviee of cheir State and conntry l(;'>kcd down from eanvases 
and ijilded fi'ames on the passin.L;- throng'. Mrs. IJeale's |»ietures(ine 
paintin-- of Charles I. hroimlit ont ;ili tlie L^-ace and distinofion of the 
unfortnnate House of Stnarr. and v/as udven a eentral jiosirion on the 
rear wall, llistin-ians differ widely as to the name of the '.'amlinas. 
To Charles IX.. of France. Charles 1. and Charles 11.. of I'hi-land. 
each has been assigned the compliment. However, it is lii.jst jirobalde 
that (diaries I. was the sovereiixn for whom it was called. Tlie thi-ee 
sii;ners of the National Decbu-ation of indepoiirlcnee. WtJiiafn lloojit-r. 
John Penn and Joseph Ibnves, were jtlaced side by side — a uift from 
the riistoriciil C<mimission. 3dessrs. .b)h.n C V.'ood and llxarles L. 
Y-.ui Noi)t)on. The jiiiliiiary was rejiresented by JndLre William (ras- 
ton. who wr<»re "C.-irolina" : Associate Jnstiees James Iredeli ami 
Alfred :Moore. of the Supreme Court of tlie I'nired States. An etchinLT 
of Chief Justice (_'!irlstopher Gale hunj: a.nioim- rlie ce!e]>i'iries. Two 
master[»ieces from the brush of the An.ieri<;in lb\vnoMs — ;imonu- the 
clicfS'tVnnrn' of the Had — were loaned i)y AIi>,s Peneloj^e ILjskins 
Norcom. of Hertford. These were the itorrrairs of the han.dxome Dr. 
James Xorcom. skilled suri:et>n of the War of bsl2, reconnnendetl by 
Dr. P>en.1amin litish. of Philadelpliia, and appointed ])y Xatlianiel 
M;icou. of Xorrh Carulima. and Mrs. Winifreil Iloslvins. who. at the 
I]denton Tea INvrty. tilled the <»thce of Secretary. Xear by, the haunt- 
ing eyes of the beautiful Theodosia Burr^'= riveted tlie attention of 
si;^htseers and fretjuently drew from tlie custodian in char<re th(_' story 
of her tr.a.Lcic fate i»n our treaeherous cojisr in the winter of P^12-"lo. 
"The Patriot."" b')arded l)y "bankers."' was foun.d empty, and among 
other treasures was this painting, projiou.nced by nj(Mn],>ers of the P.urr 
family to have ])een th;if of the ](»vely Theodosia. daugliter of Aaron 
Burr and wife of rjovernor Alston, of Sinith (.'arolina. I>esperiite 
characters, afterwards, when facing tlieir doom. confesstMl their share 
in her nntiiindy death. Two well-e.vecuted p';diirin'j:s of the Apt)leton 
family were ihe [>ro[*eiTy and loan of Mrs. jMlm D. Sta])les. of Greens- 
boro. From the "Hayes"" ii'orai'y. reemln^ wirli historic r*dics. came 
the rare old water eoior of <iovernor Samuel Jolinsron. ])atrioi. lawyer, 
statesman, jdanter. one of the intelleerual giant^ of tin- Ib^volutionary 
period in the er,lony. The Secretary of the l'.,i!rr]( I'reviueial < 'on- 
gress at Halifax. J.ames Green, and Martha ( '»;i:.sdell. his wife — <-om- 

*For a full account of this portrait of Theodosia Burr, see "The Eyrie and Other 
Southern Storit-s," by Bettie Freshwater Pool. 


{inuioii pieces — were loiiiieil i'\ >fi-s. (;o<>r.t:v ^-liiH-'ii. <t;ii-1 P>rov\-n"s ex- 
cellt'iir likeiu'ss at Governor ^Yilli;^U! A. ( U-iihiiiii. (.ne of the .un-f.-itt'st 
men the Tiiiou has {>nHhivfil. and iliat (»!' his tUsti!!i:-uish(Ml tarlier. 
(7(-4u->i'al Josi'p]> Cr.ihani. hero "f the lifx-olmion and U'ar of lSli>. 
ferall rhe facr that :liis norahle family have mniniained tJif hiudi 
sramhird of riifir (dan iu Sc. ii-hin(L 

X«»- Htforr was made to ohruui a crdlection <tf miniatures. Tlie tVw 
sent proved rhar our roloni-<rs. while remote from artists, left to pos- 
terity these evideuees of culture and rerhjemt^nr. Sully's nnidature of 
Cnptain Th.mms Amis, of the i'ontinenTal line: that of ?*Li.jor Ilov.-ell 
Lewis, of tlio lievolutiou : memorial lockots of Stejihen Moore and 
Tristram Lowrher. wliich showed the wonderful an now lost. Those 
of Tristram Lowther. :\[artiu Fiske aii*l i:iizal>eth Gilhert. his wife, 
and John Dawson were tastefuliv arranu'e'l on velvet-C'»vered bt^ards. 
For a short wiiile the miniatures, in i^okl frames, of Judu'e Iredell and 
M.-uIam Far(im;ril C';imp-i>ell could h.e seen. 

The handsomest, most -liowy ease, ;ind p^erhaps most vainahle. 
was that devoted t^ the silver. Each !»iece. aside from its intrinsic 
worth, ha.s attached to it an historic value. Here one learned of the 
aristocracy of the colony and D-und an op]>ortunity for study r,f the 
armorial l»earinu-s of some of our early and most itromm(MU" settlers. 
The service y^t' the « 'rimeron f<amily. more than a. centui'y old. hearin.L; 
Uu-^ arms of tinit distiniiuished. clari. which has tlie best record of .any in 
Scotland. loant-<:l l;>y Colonel Benneh:iu (.'anieron. is beautiful iri its sim- 
plicity and a tine sj.ecimeu v»f the style of silver of that jieritid. The 
elegant service, also over a liundred years (dd. and a trifle ntore orna- 
menteil. wliicli was once owned Ity (rovernor Sa>muel Jolniston. of 
"Tlayes.'" wa;s u-enerously'1 I'V membf-rs of the Wood family. A 
portion l four [ueces — creaan pitciier. ladle. \^-aiter and ijo\vl ) of the 
plate presented by Prince rharles ' I]<lward Stuart tn the dauntless 
Flora ]^facDonald i whose pictures hunir above), once a resident of the 
Iliirhland-Scotch settlemeiit in Cumijerland^ Tounty. v/as io.ane*! Ity 
Mrs. E. J. Justice, of <Treens])oro. The oldest ]tieces were the paten and 
chalice from St. I'aul's Cjiurch. of Edaaiton. built in 174".. They were 
<.)f America.n uianuf.acture and \^"ere ])resente<l b.y PMward Mosely. 
"The L'ift of Colonell Edward }>bisely. for ye use ye Chui'ch in Eden- 
ton, in the year 1~'2~." is inscribed on each. This was f<air years jirior 
to Colonel ^^'illiam I-'yvd's tin.1u>-t on the reliudous state of that 
most worthy little borou;i;h town, and disproves his exa.2:j,'erated srate- 
n?ents. John Ila.rvey. President of the Council, wa-: rememl>ered l)y 
the very <iuaint punch ladle, his crest eULrraved. on its silver IxavI. and 
a tortoise-shell ••!>ap srioon." joined with silver rivets, sent by his de- 
scendants, the Misses Ilarve^-. of Flei-tfor.l. Spoons owned by Wil- 
liam IIo<),.ei-. JaUiiv- (:reen < Secr'-taj*y of rp^ Fourth Pro\-iiici;il C.)n- 
irress c tlie I>uP>rutz family aiid Covernof S;imuel Johnstcm. l)earin;.^ 
tiitdr res]>ectivH crests, wore arran^^ed to advantau'e. The Colonial c(»f- 
fee ]tot and cream i.itcher. with the Eden crest, and cruets, with the 


Pntret nrni^? eKLrrnved riit'i-fon. were secured throiiL'-li the kindness of 
:Mrs. :ind Miss DraiVr\ of Kdeiiroii. The set of tablespoons, once the 
l>ro[»erry ..f Loi.iis L'olsson. i^i Franco. vj>^x in the [jossession of ^Irs. 
E. J. Jusrict'. has ha.d an »-xcirJni: liistory. snat'/hed from the 
da.u,uvi-s t,f r\vu rerM-nrions and liioveil to forei.u:;i ticids. Tli<^ table 
and sadt siioons (rf Kieliard lU-nnchan are ijerfP'-rly piain. The very 
hands*. nie tajjkard and cnri*.iiis la.dle loaned by Mrs. J.ames Warren 
always atrra'ied rle- uiasculine u-aze. The tankaL-d. too tadl with the 
to[( <..n to srand npri^-bt in the case. Vv'a< sopar;ited. It was won. i>y 
an American horse au Pemi>roke. Enudand, in tho year 1734. The 
bowl of fhi^* ladk' is the sliape of .-i jockey cap>. \^'irh a serpentine 
handle. Tlie <.'ri:j:inal .iwner was Mr. Thomas P.arker. of Edenton. 
hiisl)and of rliar iiorKl (/an/iina heroine of the Revolution. Penehrpe 
Barker. The roast su^rcrested rho favorite bread of the Euirlish ta.ide. The very odd bon-piet holder, of tilizree work, has 
been of service at many a weildinu'. Tluve relics that l)el.'nL:ed to 
General Frederick Ilar-jett were exliiiiitod. The pewter, polished till 
it presented its britrhtest luster, consisted of the communion service 
from the First German Peform Church. Vvdiich came from Alamance, 
and sii-:ar bowl. mu_' and cream pitdier. S"nt by different individuals. 
Two rare bits of china of es]iecial iuteresr were placed in tills oase. 
on a'-c(junt of their historie value. One was a royal Sevres plate. 
v^'ith 2:reen and y:old liorder surrounding a festive scene, set in a broad 
red velvet frame. This belonged to a set of thirty ineces. made at the 
c<mnnand of Xa[toleon for a C'fronatiou gift to ids brother Joseph 
when he relU'-tantly ascended the Spanish throne. The exiled king 
brouLdit it with liim to Bi'>rdentown. and later it was briu-ihr by Gen- 
eral Patters'-n. fr.>m whom if v\'as inherited by ^Ij-s. Lindsay Patter- 
Son. The other was a. Chinese idate. ra-onounced by an exipert to be 
several hundred years old. one of the few existincr relics of tlie noble 
George Dnrant. whose treaty with the Tiiscaroras ( ,-i copy of which 
is preserved in the courtliouse at Hertford) deserves a national repu- 
tation, but is one of the obscure facts of our history. This plate is 
carefully kept in a udlt frame and is hi2:hly prized by a descendant. 

Manuscripts are reizarded by our State othcials. like true anti- 
quarians, as being of such priceless value that the sjilendid collection 
owned by the Commonwealth is never allowed to leave the lireproof 
Capitol at PLaleigh: hence, not one taken to Jamestown. The ex- 
ceedingly valuable documents sent came solely from individuals, 
^liss Susie Gentry, from far-away Tennesspe. like the true patriot she 
is. entrusted to our keeping heirlooms that have come down in her 
f.amily — a c-r>py of the will of Colonel Joe! Lane. v\-ritten in 1704. and 
survey r)f land and land arrant to Nathaniel Jones, of --Whire Plains." 
the latter sicmed i»y Governor S.imuel Johnston. Miss Schenck. of 
Greensboro, contributed many pricel^^ss manuscripts. a.uK'ri'j: tliem let- 
ters from the Marquis de La Fayette. Baron de liochambeau, Willie 
Jones. Samuel Johnstuu. Judge liichard Ileude-rson. Colonels Reading 


filuiinr. Ileni-y Dixou jiml r);ivi(I Fjinniiiir. <i(Mi"r;ils X;irli;in;iel GiToiie, 
Anthony W.-iyoe, Jotln-o Suuiner. and the siirnatnre of Geuei'al J()sex)h 
Graham. The re.u'istei- ot" Bnre Courthouse, oounty seat of the vanished 
councy of lUire. aiKl day book I'elon^^inLC to Parriek Xennaye aliouc a 
centui'y ;i._^o. when a nuTchanr of East Tennessee, wore of use from 
many srandi'oints t(^ the schohir and the student. From the safety 
deposits at ••Ihn-os" .Air. Jolm G. Wood ^'dlctwt'd to be exliildri'd Iett*'i's 
from William liooper and John I'enn to Jost^nh llovres. Gov(>rnor 
Samnel Johnston and .Jud:j:e James IredelL and the gem of all the 
mannscripts— a court-marti;;! drawn, in tho handwriting; of John Paul 

The battle case told the part the State had taken in tiie strmrLde for 
independence. Trophies from the battletlelds of Alamance. ^^loore's 
Creek Pridu-e. Kinuf's Mountain and Gnilford Cimrthouse, and arms 
that had done service. i>orne by patriots in those eniragements. 
were Lrroujied effectively. I^lartial spirits and army oliicers paused 
indeiiriitely here, contcmpiatini; these siu-nihc^mt implements of that 
crucial, fiuidamental jieriod of onr nation's existence. From the niap 
of the Battle of Alamance one could learn the route taken hy Gov- 
ernor Tryt»n ;imi his army, ajid the stand occupied by rlic sliort- 
sighted Regulators. The old "Lil/erty BeU," the intended harl)in-:er of 
that coveted blessing — freedom — Init only tlie precursor of suft'eriu'i. 
was used by the IJegulators in lit-ai of a drum to gather together the 
bands of rebels on that fa.tal day in May. ITTl. Swords of James 
Stewart, .seventh Baron of Blantyre, 17^F and of Colonel Stephen Mil- 
ler; the powderhorn of Governor Jesse Franklin, and many other arms. 
were packed in the b«ntom of tlie case. The manual of arms, loaned 
by Dr. Peter E. Hines. told of the very different tactics employed dur- 
ing the last (iu;irier of the eighteenth century. The shaving case, of 
walnut, was indeed a handsome piece when presented by General 
Greene to Peter Francisco for courage. The tray is litted with dark 
purple ^•eIvet aiid ori'jinally contained a razor for each day of the 
week, with the name thereon. On the top is this inscrii>tion : '"Peter 
Francisco. New Store. Buckingham City, Va., July 4, ITTd. A tribute 
to his moral worth and valor. From his conarade in arms. Genl. X. 
Greene," scratched by tlie General himself with a sharp-pointed in- 
strument. The pistol captured from Cornwallis for many years had 
a I)rass label attached, on which appeared the British iea^ler's nanie. 

Limited space forbade the acceiMance of numerous aT-ti<'les of his- 
toric furniture. The following were ^^t such signific-nice that they 
were not only exhibited. l>ut [lermission was granted a 
American historian to photograph these heirlooms. A\ith a view to pub- 
lication in a book now being written: The diair from the parlor at 
'•Sweet [Tail.*" that elei/ant se/it of the linthns in S'lfjiuia. by inherit- 
nui'O c;[iije into the Cameron family (:)f this State, in vdiose hosjoitable 
anci-stral home it was oc(aipied by the leading Carcdinians of several 
goncrations. The brave heroes of tlte liovolutitui there rei'osed. 


whilo tile iH'iu'ht stni's of ihar later ualaxy — (irMliaui. Manly. More- 
head. \ian;xu!u. Sw-aiii. (iasfoii. t\-il(l\\ell uud their coiiteuiijdraries. 
the \v;irni frieuils of Jmlu^e Dimran < 'anierou and Ins son. the hite Mr. 
Paul ("arriii-'teu (";Uiier'»i! — have sat and en.terr.ained tlieir attdieiic.-s 
with ilie ieadirr..; ruoirs .»t the riuM-s. Anntlur chair also .-irne from 
••Sra.ti'viHe.*" and has apii-'uded the st-TV tlutt .J;ini<-s irrdeil. a risin.,LC 
lawyer of (/hM\v:iii, atreiidin.;.: <;(>urt at IIilIs])or'). more fortunate tliaii 
his coil(^a;j;ue<. eseajted tlie fury of Die IJr'-rulators liy tliar day visitiri.i: 
his friend. Iiieh;ird i'enn.ehan. at "Sta.u-vilie."' Oti tliat o.-casioii tradi- 
tion, handed ilown in the family of the hittfu* u^eiitlem;UL says James 
Iredell orrn[)i;.-d this cliair. 'Idie ehair from ^hmnu \'ern<»n su!.r,yesti'd 
many seenes throimli which it iiasse(h ini which (reiieral and Mrs. 
Washi'agtctii were e^'r the ideal host and hi.)Siess of tlie <Lays tliat have 
l.uis^^ed away forever. "Ifnncombe Had!."' in Wa^shiitu^ton < 'ouiity. will 
ever be remembered f(>r the rello\^■ned hospitality aaid royal welcome 
of its master. ("oioiKd Edward I>iinconibe. v.dio sleeps \-\diere he ira\'e 
Ills life for his cotmtry.,i.r died a prisouer in Fhihirieliihia from 
wonnds received on the held of irernmutosvii. even thoit.udj this Colo- 
nial home has lon.2: since u'o-ne u> decay. =■= This handsonie specimen of 
Chip]>endale that ha« held many a nc-tablc p.-irriot or di.unufied dnme of 
'•ye ohlen rime." alone in this collection recalled that gallant soldier. 
''The Cornwadlis cLiair." a.s modern historians named t.he very snli- 
stanrial and vreil-kepf treasure tliat onoe' aftonh'd comfort tempo- 
rarily to that peer in ins retreat from (xnilfVn'd f'« liiils 
fair to ^^■it^ess the;e of tnany m.ore years. The handsome 
inaliogany card table that belon.u;ed to President Andrev,- -Jackson has 
been used wlien I' nuiny a u-ame of cards in iris law ofUce at 
Salisl>tiry. ft stoixl below the deok of cards V>ron,irht to Eden ton in 
Coloidal rimes. Tile wra[>per to tiiis was n(»t broken till a few weeks 
before beim: brou.^dit to .Jamestown. The tiirnres and si-ms on tlie 
cards were very crude, and the re;4niations c<jncernin,ir the exportatucn 
and relandinii were somewhat extraordin;u-y. 

The fashions of the lonu^ aci'o were not omitted. Ivat M'ere disitktyed 
in quadnt ciothin.^:, arran^red in a ease and a half. The North Caro- 
lina dames of the ei^ and earlier half of the nineteenth centu- 
ries slionld [lUt to the l>!usli tiie nuitrons and damsels of to-day. so 
fine were their stitches, almost invisible: so smootli and, artistic the 
finish of their needleAA'orlc. Ttie material used for sncli delicate handi- 
work vras of the thinnest texture. M-ibich rendered the task more dith- 
cult. The little !>aby dress, worked by Mrs. FJizai)etl.i II;n;cock Fraidv- 
lin. <Lra.u"hter ot' Lieritenant iIan«.'o<-k. of the liecohition. wa.s the dain- 
tiest bit of fancy Vv-ork. in [-erfect state of ])reservation. A handker- 
chief, piast the centn.ry m.-irk. elaborately embroidered, is a contrast to 
those small articles of my l.-idy's wardrobe of the present, beingalwut 
thrtH-iputrters t)f :i yard square, of fabric like mull. An antique veil. 

* On the arch of the outer prate of Colonel Buncombe's mansion were inscribed the 
^.'t""^ following' lines : "Welcome all to Buncombe Hall." 



s^^fp^^^wB/^'i a Rri igy ' ^ i gy ycy /-^rf^r^w^rw 

■ .- •tii&a-A^dfeiSE.-AS'M ^^o-tiS liUerf. ««>'4jka 



The Durant and Bonaparte Plates. 





The Communion Silver of St. Paul's Church, Edenton. Presented to ihl (. -n ?-C4 


11 l)e;i(l ;i sr;irr. ;i rt/isiaii sbav.i ( ru'c thro«' cc-nrurii's t . a ("iiiiui 
crejie slia\\i — all show ihv ac'-fssm-ivs in VD.une in the I.'roviiU'c a cN'cle 
ago. Jiiil,L.'e Irotlel!":^ juilicial saiin !jr<Avn lia> falhai a A-k-tiin to rlio 
rava.uios <>f riuu'. Kri<>nL.-h. rli"iiu;lj. \Aas iiiract to show rlio iLrenci'al 
f':TtHT. 'J'he ehiiiorateiy -juiltt-'-l .irrfeii satin j/etri^'oal" l■e'•ail^^•l ih'' tlay.s 
of tlu-' brocaded i-aimiors a.i)d rho AVartf^an •da.ic. and coi-i'osoonfb'd 
wirJi the N^'hire sarin slipiiers <.r' tI\o sKthUm' heels worn by rho b<-auri- 
t'ul \\-ife of (:biv('rn-'r Tnrner uf X«irth Carolina one hundred, and. five 
years -mzo. The nuniarure Itonner \vas a deli.uiit to the iiriie fuiks. 
What a seiisarion this nuisr Liave erea-ted in Halifax Connry in the 
year ITTo. wlien tho ^Misses Jenkins reeeived it from theii' sister, in 
distant ^bira^ia. a« a nnxlel i.f the bonne-t>; tlien in voirne in Enroi)e. 
and how many nnist have ooviied it ! Of the api^arel worn l)y the iren- 
tlemen ^A'ere shiA\-n a vest and trousers of Martin ]^>bert^i. forau'e 
nnister of the Revolution, and General Seairle. of a later period were 
a cloak and twn silk waisrs. Tlie coverlet, dark blut^ and white: four 
Counterpanes, one woven and emi'roidj-red a hundred years a.u'o by the 
j^reat-annt of the lU'esent owner, Mrs. T. W. Snuth, of Burlington: a 
tabieel<.>th. with uniijue (lesiirn. sliowed s(»methin.g of the contents of 
tlio l.avender-scerited linen closets of the Revolutionary days. 

The ••Kdoutou Tea R;irty.'" so ,lear to rhe heaa'ts of the ])a,ughters 
of The Revolution, wiio labored lonu' and jiatiently to raise funds, 
i.ty puldishinu' rhe Snrtii < 'arolinit BooTdct, to erect a suitable memi> 
rial to those tifty-one patriotic w-t»men. is well told in relics. To l^e- 
gin. there are rhe />''/'//,•/<: cs-. bound in order, from rhe tirst to the 
sixth volume. contaJnim: the irreatest e-venrs in North (\arolina Ids- 
tory. most (deverly written by our leading men and women. Tiie most 
iinitjue of our treasures was the dainty little model, an. exact n^pro- 
ducri*>n of r!ie •"Tv'a Pa.rry Mouse." rlie residr-ni-e of A[rs. Elizabeth 
Kimr. in ^^•hich the resolutions were signed. (Jctober '!'>. 1774. This a cdft from versatile writer a^nd hisbu'ian. Dr. Richard 1)11- 
lard. (.'f Edenrou. Ai'ov^-^ rhe paintinu* (tf that historic Lratherin;!. 
also presented i>y the same patriotic uvntlemau to the State Eibrary.- 
Another of his gracious acts was idacin.g in the exhibit for distribu- 
tion a numlier of pamphlets containinu^ his article, revisetl. which ap- 
peared in the BooLlf'f. Anunist. Ibol. It is well lllustrate<l. A jdioto- 
gra[ih of the stately Penelo]ie Barker. [)resident of the Tea I'arty: 
the portrait of Winifred Hoskins. already menrioricd ; the cut-glass 
dish, rare china jilate and I'rjiyer Book {*f l-]lizai)eth Tb)i-iuV)low. 
the chin.a i)l;it(^ of Mrs. Ib^skins a.nd tho crjudle stand that came down 
fi'oni tlie VaJeritine fannly — ail bring those fascinating dames of the 
Revolutionary d;i\s very cl')se to us. and we r-:-'- 7-"*"/ their ver.v pres- 
<Mice. he;ir their voices In a conglomt-ration ot' disiaission. and are 
insjiired by rlii'ir zeal and [)atriorism. Tiiey were tru(^ nol^le. reti]l^^d 
Women, wlio fullilled the duly of the home, yet forgot nor their cou)i- 
try. Can the dauLditers of to-day act unwisely in fi^llovying such 


Many photographs, etchin^rs and water colors of our great men and 
women, notable eve] its and historic places covereil the walls. Here 
one learned rhat Xorch Carolina ga\e three Presidents to the Union — 
Andrew Jacks<;'U. .I.-mies K. iN»ik and Andrt-w Johnson. The birth- 
place of each — siaall shanties — tell vrhat opp'U'tnnities are within the 
grasp of every Anieric:ui i)<>y. Likenesses of the tirsc two accom- 
panied the cuts, (.ine of the thive most pojailarMiid charming mis- 
rre.sses of tJie AYhite ilMiist- — Doily I'ayne. wife <>t James Madis«jn — 
was born at New Garden Settlement. North Carolina, May. I'O, 1772. 
This event was frequently njentioned by the cust<tdians when speaking 
of the writing desk and Bohemian glass cologne 'oottle bought by ^Irs. 
E. E. Mothrt at a sale r.f Dolly -Madis(.ns i»ers<)na,l property several 
years ago in I'hiladelphia. Edenroii. --the iK-rhed of the lievolucion"" 
■ in the Colony, has i)layed an important part in our history. Here 
could be found n^any interesting scenes relating to her past, such as 
' the courthouse, where are stored innumerable documents, some dating 
far into the Colonial jteriod; St. I'aui's Chuicli. a pielures<iue .speci- 
men of Colonial architecture, whose vestry ro'un contains the n«Jted 
Declaration of Independence signed by the vestrymen June ID. 1776;* 
the densely sliaded churchyard, showing the spot v.-here sleep the 
Colonial Governors. Thomas Pollok and (Imrles Kden. and the wife 
of Edward ^^loseley; the water colors of the "Tea Party House" and 
the ""Cupola House."' still standimr. the most aiu-ieiit in tlie town: 
Washington's chair, in the Masonic Hall of the eourthouse: "Hayes."' 
said to be the most interesting old home in the South — it was built 
; : in ISOl. Xo mere i.ticture can convey an idea of the beauty and ele- 

I gance of this seat, a lingering memento of the cavaliers. Here, in 

I ^ terms of intimacy, have been entertained men renowned in the vari- 

|- - ous walks of liit\ for G"vernor S;>muel Johnston claimed as frierids 

I ^ the greatest men ^if his time: and his son. .James Cathcarc Johnston. 

I while never active in politics. kne\A- well the m<'.st notable of his coun- 

; tr^-men. The old mansion is rich in portraits, marble busts, rare vol- 

' , umes and manuscripts — silent reminders of those historic personages 

'_^ which so enhance the charm of the place. The present owner, 2vlr. 

John G. Wood, fully a[)i)reciates this ]>riceless possession, and so re- 
1 veres the past that "Hayes"' is kept in perfect condition, preserving in 

detail the arrangements, exterior and interior, that existed in the <dd 
days. In the buryin:! groniid near by sleep (rovernor S.annuel John- 
, ston. Judge Ire(lell and Haiuiah Johnston, his ^\■ife. v.dbjse romance 
was one of the most beatitiful of the Colonial days: Governor Iredell, 
Thomas Barker and Penelope, his wife. The em'pty grave of James 
"Wilson, the signer of the De<-laration of Independence, fr<.m Pennsyl- 
■ vania. whose remains were removed with mu*']i pomp and ceremony 
to Philadelphia in the autumn of IbOO. nas Iteen rictingly marked. All 
^ these tombstones can be seen in the pliotogranh. The old-fashioned 

*This was the adopted by the Provincial Congress at Hiilsboro. Auirust 23, 1775. 
See Colonial Records of North Carolina. X, 171. 612. 

sa iMvcfu has Iou-j: siii'-e been relou'^itrd to IIh; p.-isi. but "Ye Old Ei^u'le 


I Tavern/" at Ilertt'ord. of Colonial days, .still hanLCS out its siirn and is 

L kept open to rlie public. The hoad^nartery of Coi'nw.-vllis at WilnuuLC- 

1 ton makes one .shudder to think <.>r the cruel treatnu nt nietcd .ait to 

j! our patriots while prisoner--; in its duniceons. The Treaty of Peace 

1^ between the whites and the Tiisrarnras. led by T<an Blouiu. which has 

t" been .ph(>tOATai)hed. is drawn in terms trf cruelty whi<h renuial us of 

^" all the horrors of the Tusca.rora War. Lib">rty Point. Payotrrrille, 

I, has attached the history of ( aunberlan(rs sons ^atherin.ii- for the draw- 

r in.u: up of a Declara.ti«,>n of Indeoendence, June 2u. ITTo,* and the sub- 

J' S('ril>in,^^ of many namt}s stili lirominent in tliat section, where loyalty 

I to the crown and r'atriotlsra v.'oro stronir. for here dwelt the Iliu'hland- 

f Scotch. Daniel Boone lookeil the sttirdy M-ootlman. the sure marks- 

* ^ man aud the brave pioneer he was. While I'enusylvania claims his 

I birthplace, he "nice dwelt withiii our b(*i'ders and was associated with 

< Judire Uir'hnrd rier;ders'>n in sorrlinLT the Colonv of Transvlvania and 

i preceded hirn thither vrith Ava^'ais. teams aud supplies. Another of 

i our adopted sons was the .ixreatest of naval heroes. John Paul Jones. 

|- whose only home was that of Willie Ji) in Halifax County, known 

I as "The Grove." In i>ne case could l»e fcamd a bit of mouldinir from 

J this house, lon.u' since in a state of dilapidation, and a view of it to- 

I day. One of the jcreatest of Carolinians was Judge Georu'e E. Dadaer. 

|j soldier, statesman, brilliant orator, able jurist. At an early a'j;e lie 

^ .served as an orlicer in the War <>f 1S12. Trymi E'alace was built with 

X - funds raised by taxation, causiu'.; loud discontent, vviiich culminated 

f in the battlQ of Alamance. 1771. Fire destroyed the last remaining 

I ve.stige a few weeks ago. Hence, only pictures like this remain to 

!,, show that center of the social world in the Province. Two of our his- 

^1 torians. Hawks and Carruthers. were by no means handsome men. 

r which nearly debarred their ar-pearing in such distiuixuished companv. 

I Colonel Joel Lane's home at Bloomsbury. the site of the present city of 

Italeigh. is one of our few Colonial houses in existence and use. Here 
the General Assembly rnet and elected Tht^nuis Burke Governor. The 
etching is a fine piece of work, by the late W. G. Randall. The law 
ottice of Judge Gaston, iu wliich he wrote the tirst State song, "Caro- 
lina." and in which he breathed his last, was hung with the poem, 
deftly illuminated by Miss Sallle C. Jackson. 

Miss Rodman's collection of relics was of su<'h value (bein^ trea.s- 
ures handed down in the Etlourit and Harvey families, and now the 
property of ^Nliss ^Slarcia Rodmati. her :iuut, atid herself) that she 
herself brougb.t them to Jamestown and installed them, with the 
assistance of Miss :Mary Blount. These tilled one anil a half cases 
and were attractively arranged and greatly adnured. 

The nmi» of Old Brunswick Road. 17^0. and that of Washington, 
County seat of Beaufort County, N. C.. tlie first town muued after the 
famous General, are tine s[)ocimens of i^enmansliip and drawiuLr. The 

*This was the test adopted by the Council of Safety at Charleston. June 3. 1775, and 
copied by the Committees of Safety for the District of Wilming^ton, June. 19, 1775. 

4 : ■ . . . .--. , ^ . ■ . 


plm of B:ub. our i\v<'c town, dates buck a.^ v.wW n< ITOn. Throt- rart> 
Cul<:>iiial (I'.ri.iiiieDTS were displayod. viz.. a land mad*' to Chief 
Justice Gale in IKHi. aiiotber signed t>y (jrivernor i^harles Kden, 1714. 
and a donimear wirh tlie siu-natiire <U" (Governor AiTltnr Dol/os at- 
taein'Ml. 17.">r.. Tiie silver luster pittlu-r. a century ami thirty years 
old. vy-a>s admired by all observers. This represeutc<l a I'triur-siuce for- 
saken arc. The !.>aby dress and caps, with rheir invisible stitches, 
were tlie handiwork of :\[ary Ilarvcy. '"Harvey Elall."' durin,:; the 
lievoiuti')!!. Ttie tans were very ha.ndsouip and of exijuisite work- 

Many personal articles that h<id belon^ied to .Major Ueadini: Blount 
of the Revohuion. have been pireserved. Anion.i: them, -.i sijur worn 
durin-j; his military service, a brass candlesticlv. a <-np and saucer of a 
ware now very rare, the indispensable silver snuffbox and knee 

What a handsome man was Dr. Simmons Baker, of ••Palmyra,'' 
whose features were Greci;in! Tiiis picture rested on a mahoirany 
spoon case, once his property. 

This invaluable collection com[)rised reli«-s <>f all classes, many of 
which would have been ornameuis to the (.Colonial Dames" Exhibit, 
being of surticieut aire and historic value to have lieen sou'-rlit. It was 
indeed our .ixain to have secured su<-h a loan. Had the North Carolina 
Dames sent an exhibit. Miss Ib.'dman v-ould doubtless have ^placed at 
least a portion of these treasures there. 

Tlio Wachovia Historical Society deserves s[>e<'iai recognition, for it 
was this remarkable or.',^anizarion that res})onded primarily to the 
appeal for aid from patriotic Carolinians. It is the oldest society of 
the kind in the State, and has sec an exam|)le worthy of enuilation. 
Wachovia"s exhibit repealed the life of the pe*jple. rh«-ir industries, 
househdld utensils, implements of war and peatv. accom[tlislunents. 
comforts and iirerature. The ^I<:a"avian.s had na exi;«'llent display in 
the I'ennsylvania exhilnt. of ^^■hich this was the complement. The 
entire liis:(>ry of these thrifty, reliudous. [lea.ce-abidin.ic citizens, that 
have ever remained a distinct colony, affords unusual opportunity for 
the student. 

The Moravian Church, whose otrioial name is ••[_')! itas Fratrum." 
can claim tlie distin<-tion /)f bein^c the coldest of all Protestant denomi- 
n.ations. datini: back to 14'7. when the followers of the .^-reat reformer 
and martyr. J'Tni Iluss. orucanizod the ••Cnity of Brethren." Tlie cru- 
elties and P'ersecutions of the Thirty Years" War threatened annihila- 
tion, but these zealous Protestants were crushe<l. utit exterminated: 
for not only v\-cis the Moravi;in Church reor^anizeil and esr;d)lished in 
forei.crn lands, but is now beini; restored in its mother coiuirry. and the 
apostolic succession lias been preserved unbroken. To escai)e the op- 
pression in some E)uror»ean kiui;doms. a tract of laud containintr nefirly 
one huudre<-i thousand acres was purchased in Xorrh Carolina in 17rt2. 
This is inclmlo.l in the present county »jf Forsyth. To this sweet 

s.yjj^.-: •jtv.;-.-. ■-^cri'-.e 

'•:}/rt-?.¥rfj'rj>v*^'4;-:;'«'.Ji'-*-;'-::-.-« i 


I ^ ■' i 

i -^.-^ 


^,.j 1 :| 


...J,^ , 





1 • ^ 



hiivi^u of rest v\Tis -iven the iiaiiie or' Wncliovin. an ;ur«'Heis)ij of rlie 
(^ornmii term WachaH. deri\-e<l trom the words ii-(ir-]i, a streiuii. :iii(l 
(iiir. a meadow. The selecrioii of rhis nonienelanire was diu^ to ilie 
marked resernhhiiiee of rlie natural fearnres of Tliis rerrirory. parrJeii- 

liirlv irs many ^rreaiii 

ml ricli meado\\s. lo the esrate of rhe noldt 

Count Zin/endorf. in Ansrria. the home of iho restorod Moravian 
Chureh.- Uwe ha.s Nourished for more than a eentnrv and a half a 


'Uouiu-t-d rr 

ha\e JH'on the ennobliau- virtues t)f the 

Ttmtonio raee. In time Salem beeame the cenier of the community, 
and So eontinnes. Ic is mosi: rf'tresliimr to know that there is one 
spot in tills <.;on]nionweal[h where Progress is nor kinLC. hut where the 
old ideas and the old eusroms are so dierished iliat they are iiphehl as 
a saered tru>;r. The bustle and ui>-to-dare srantbK'd of the twin (-Jty 
of Wiiisron exert, do iiithienee. ever proving rlia.t heredity is srronger 
than environnienr. 

From the hea(hiiiarrers of the soci<-Ty have irone forth to previous 
ex]!(!siti«ms a few T;-eAsures. but never before has so iar,::;e a oolleeriiui 
been alh>wed to leave Salem. On rhis oecasi(.»n consHnr v.'as not ol)- 
tadned until a custodian was perniitred to accompany and install it. 
It is doulrtful whether the loan ci^uld have been scrured bal for the 
efforts of Mrs. Lnnlsay I'atLcrsou. one of the officers of r!ie so'.-iery. 
The colleetion was insralltHl-bv Mr. Julius A. Lineb.-ick. witli that eare 
and system for which the '^[(lra^'ians are noteil. an<l emtiraced the 
twelve followini: classes: Li-rhr. heat, v/atter. household tools .-md 
manufactures, earthtniware. tirearms. literadrtre. maps. etc.. music, 
scientific and professional. hi>r"ric relics, siuidries. '".V centiirv 
of li^rhts" showed a remarkable series id' candlesticks, of iron, tin 
and brass < wi'-h ihe <iuainT nierhi.<ls of manufacruriuLC tallow and 
wax candles), lajiierns. lai'd and oil !ami»s. rerminaung with the 
earliest electric globe. The different sta.ges of tlie ''tile stove"' were 
illnstrate<l; from the moulds for makinir tlie i 'a utiles, the iron fraaie 
and gi'ate. to the photograph of tlie oh! stove used in the rooujs of the 
society. suLTu^estive of thos(^ still in vogue in Ueriiiany. The wctodeii 
foot warmer is similar to those seen in foreign churches. 

Tbe Salem waterworks were the most imifoi-tant of their conve- 
niences, and (b--eply interested General W.ashington during his visit in 
1701. Four years were reriuired to comi>lete tlie tirst sysrem. The 
last ])ipes were laid !March 2'). 3 ITS. '-The source of supply was a 
number of spring.s. siruartHl wliere Calvary 'v["racvia.n Church. Win- 
sti>]i. uuw stands. Tiie ju[)os we're maele of liard pine l<"tgs, bored their 
full lengrh and neatly joinetl to-cether. through which the wa.ter ii««wed 
by graA'ity to a cistern in the north erul of town, and from which it 
was distributed to the prlnciiuil buildings .»f the commniuty. This 
system was in (jperation about fifry years.*"" The new system of 1S2S 
hafl a pumji house at the east end of Rank Street, from which water 
was forced bv a large overshot wheel to the large cistern at the south 

*See "History of Wachovia," by Rev. J. H. Clewell. 


t'lid ot' redii;; Avenue, and conveyed tlieiue lo suiallcr cisterns by 
.irraviry. Thr>)ii;j:li earriieii i>i]iev:, to the ma in biuldJii.i:^^ and dwelliucrs 
throuiiliniit rho ro\-^-n. Tiif^^o <-isterns wen.- In-ick lined and cemented. 
The caitaciiy was o.(mm» irullons and iuoih-. and cadi cisrern had a 

Tlie stand, wirh its swimrin:-' frames, reiinired days of study. The 
mcst salient [Miints .)f Wacli"via.'s hist>;ry wac prf-rnted. surh as: The 
first setrlem^'ur of Wacho\-ia. \~'w\: Indian trouMe and Fremdi and In- 
dian Wnr. 17"i:;-\"0 : foundiu'j: >:>f S.ilenj. 1T(3<".. and Sa.lom dui-ini: the 
Kevolnciunary War; Governor Tryoii's twc visits to Wa.ehovia ; tlie 
^feckleuhurg Declaration, as mentioned in tlie llecords of Wachovia 
(data recently discover(^l) : a r-(.lle<-tion of I'rovineial ujonev; a collec- 
tion of postaire stamps, and numerous views of tlie old ti'wn. The 
maps, which covered a .i,^oodiy }.ortiou (tf the wall, were considereil of 
great worth. The dornment of the greatest value was the original 
Amnesty Proclamation, issued by Governor Tryon to the rie:iiihitors 
after the lN-utle of Alamance. The lUaiish an<"l Provinoi;i| seal at- 
tached thereto is four inches in diameter. The original copy was 
sent to the Moravians at Berhabara. This is a true copy of the 


"Bjj ff'ii E-rCfJIoiciJ W)/). Tnjou. F.sqnire. His Majesty's Captain 

Geiteral and Governor in CJuef in and ovfv the i^aid Prorince. 


"Whereas I am informed that many persons wlio havn i)t>eu con- 
cerned in the late Rebellion are desirous of sii!>miiting themselves to 
Government. I do therefore give ]X(tioe tiiat every Person wiio will 
come in either to Mine or General WaddelTs Camp, lay down their 
Arms. Take the Oath of Allegiance, and promise to pay all Taxes that 
are nov.- due. or may herea.fter become due by them resiiectively, and 
submit to tho Laws of tiiis <;ountry. shall have his ^Iajosty"s most 
Gracious and Free Pardon for all Treasons. Insurrections and Rebel- 
lions, done or coiurnittod on or beftn'e the sixteemh of May last. I'ro- 
vided they iuake their Submission aforesaid on ov before the Tenth of 
July next. The following Pers<jns are however excepted from the 
Benellt of the Proclamation, viz.. All the Out-Laws, The Prisoners. All 
Those coiicerned in blowing u[' (ronoral WaddelTs Ammunition in 
Meclcienliurg County, and the undernamed I'ersons. to wit. Samuel 
Jones. Joshua^ Teague. Samuel Waggoner. Simon Dunn. Jr.. Abraham 
Cresou, Benjamin ]vIorrilI, James Wilkerson, Sr.. Edward Smith, John 
Bumpnss, Jr.seph Boring. William Kanlvin. William Roborson. John 
Winkler, J^thn Wilcox, Jacob Pelker and Thomas Person. 

'. ••Given undtn* my Hand and the great 

Seal of the said ju-ovince this Eleventh 
Day of June. Anno L)<tmini 1771. 

"By ills Excellency's Command. Wm. Tryox." 


After the vicrory of Alamance the Gt^veDior ropairtxl to Wachovia 
with his prisi>iiei-s aud anuy of Three thonsaiul uieii, who were sus- 
tained by the plentiful supplies of the Moravians. The church diary 
at Bethabara sht)ws many entries eoneernini: this sojourn. Amoni; 
theui mention was made of the tir<'\vorivS and of cele'rn-admr the kimr's 
'oirthday. "when manienvres of tiie battle of .Vbimance were repeated. 
Volley after volley was tired, both from file musketry and the artillery, 
until the houses in the villa;j:e trembled ajul sh<:)ok." Here for three 
or four thiys the Govermjr estaddished court, and m;iny Re.crulators 
retiirneil to tlieir allegiance. Of this secMudi visit to Wachovia ixen- 
er.-il history has lost si^rht. liiu in tb.e Arcliive room of the Society the 
stuilent can irlean Icnowledu'e of this date of importance. 

The -Moravians are burn lovers of nnisie. Wlierever their (drareh 
has spread, tiiere ean be found musie, vocal and instrumental, for 
sin.::;inLC enters hir'-rely intr) their form r.f wtrshif- •■ - llynms have been 
often composetl f»»r S[«ecial occasions. The first notice «>f instrttmental 
musl;.' was made in the records 1'* lu'uary 24. 17-".4. .-tr-l tlie rirsr lu- 
striinient — a trum[>et of wood — was manufactured at Bethabara. An 
or;i;aii was imported in 17' ii!. iind later. ITd-j. trombones were inrvo- (.di<.>iL-s of vo<ja! and instrumental musicians were in tlie dif- 
ferent cliurches. As or:-':!ns ^A'ei-e nncommon. ^^■ind insmunents wt.>re 
substituted for them: hence the Trombone Choir was formed aud 
X-roved of .great service, both for reli^:ious and social purposes. When 
Governor and 31 rs. Tryon visited Wacliovia in Se].rember, 1TG7. they 
were v\-elc<>med N^'irh music, \\-hich also entered larcieiy into their enter- 
tainment during tiieir stay of four days. The Trombone Choir sounded 
forth a royal welcome for President Wasiiington as he entered Salem. 
May 31. 1701. and played afterwards for his [deasure. A Frencli liorn. 
v\-ithout valves, and a tromt)onisfs book. c(»ntainimj: nmsic. amom: 
other seiections, "God Save Great Washington." arranged just for 
that event. Avere used in serenading our chieftain. These historic 
relics were taken to J;unestown. along witli nmny other old insrrn- 
ntents and some manuscript nnisic. The ha.rpsichord v.-as botli rare 
and curious. It comes after the spinet and before the piano. The 
natural keys are black, tlie sharps white. 

Among the scientihc and professional articles, fhe "cyclometer of 
17n.>'" and the silhouette machine and a ifroup of silliouettes v.'ere most 

Salem Academy has ever instructed its pui)i]s tlioroi!:j:hly in tlie art 
of needlewrtrk. for whicli it is famous. The s[)ecluit'ns shown have 
sustained the reputation of this renowned institution of learning. 

TIk- tire department dates liack to 17s.j. when. [)recautionary steps 
Wfve taken by lau'diasimr two tire oigines. Tiie \'ery uniijue one e.v- 
hibited was one of the tirst brought to America. This was intended 
to 20 into buiidintrs and other plac(^s wliere the larger one could not 
be trdvtMi. It has known no injury fiv.m time, and --ordd have been of 
service iiad anything so jmitossible as a hri- occurrexl in u perfectly 


tirc-iji-oof srructure. It ^•aii tlirow ;i stn^-iiu of water tLiree-ei^'LiLlii of 
an iuch Si venty-iivo ioec On the i-unip aitpears the name of "Johann 
Thomas i'uehler. (rnadfuhui--:. 17"-4." the manufacnu'er. Hjuilmiju' by 
the en:.nne wvre t\\o leather water l.-uekt-ts. Each lionseiiuld was re- 
(jUirtHl to kfe[) several, in cast> of eiiier'^vncy. 

The iron ehfSt was the forerunner «>l the mure t-omijii^ated combi- 
narinu safe. It possessed a false aial ;i roneealed l«.>ck. 

The lirsL huuse built in Salem, in lTt;<;. has loui: sinee fallen to de- 
Ciiy. (,>nly a i'icrure reiu.dus. wliLh eoiild be seen in the exijibit. 

The lirst [u-uitinu^ p'-ess brMUudit lo Salem could be of service to-day, 
tii(.)UL:h the manipulatit'n would i^e clumsy. coDipared with the modern 
machine. This information w^is fiuaiishe*! on a ca.rd tacked to the 
press : 

■ "This printin:-' press was brou,icht t-o Ilillsboro. North Carolina, be- 
fore the Kevohitiouary War, and while tiiere it was tised to print some 
of the numerous i>roclamations of Lord Cornwallis. 

■•About 1S2T it was purchaser! by John C. P.lum. of Saiem. X. C. 
who estai)lished the .printiuir business in Salem and beu^a.n the publica- 
tion of Biiifii's Ahiid/tac. 

"Thf Yy'i'f'ldii CHe'iner was the rirst i»aper published in Salem, in 
lb'2.\ After this. 7'/o/ Fiirm^r's l!<, I'hrttr mid RurnI U< n'lsircjnt. abour 
1&>3. In lSo2. John C. Bltim vras succeeiled by his two sons, who 
founded the v.-ell-known hrm of L. \. k E. T. Bium. wh'» then be^-au 
the publication of 7'/ c /-'co/)/e'.y i'y -^.v. 

"Afrer the death of E. T. Bium, in ISiio. the old press became the 
property of the Wachovia Historical Society, but so far it lias been 
impossible to find who brought it to Ilillsboro. from which [ilace John 
C. Bium secured it. 

"The original >crew hi time became so worn that it was necessary 
to replace it by another, and this fact accounts for the present screw 
bearing the name of A. Ram;m-e. of Philadelphia, Pa., whose btisiness 
was conducted after the Revolution, and nor before." 

The collection crovwled four cases in ail. Wachovia, by her ready 
and prompt res[)onse. arinised ambition and gave encouragement to go 
on TO higher efforts. Iler loyalty to the land of her adoption can 
never be iiuestioned. even in the mintitest details. 

What has been the result of all these months of wearing toil, cease- 
less responsibility, personal discomforts from extreme heat and cold, 
the risk of losing precious heirlooms which could never b^ replaced, 
and the expenditure of money".' Did it payV 

The compensation was more rhan ade<iuate. Here are some of the 
rewards of a year's labor: When the avxards of merit were bc-stowed, 
North Carolina won the silver me«ial. together with New Yc>rlc and the 
Church Exhibits. Surely we were in gornlly and pious comv-any. :More 
visitors sought the North Carolina Exhibit than any other in the His- 
tory Building, while numbers came just for a glimi"se <if that alone. 
Great pains were taken by the c-ustodians in charge to show and ex- 


plain all things. DuuiTiir th'tso stn-nuous days of installati'>n. when 
admission Nvas •.•esTriored to cards, rlie dtuies or rbe i.*<»\viiatan Guard. 
starioned at tlie enrrance. and ot" t!i<^ (.•ourteous f'u<t«'idian and Suiier- 
iurciideur wero innvase*! dcdly. annoiuu-inu: and aiiuiittin.u Nortli v_':ir- 
ulin.-rs ixiu'sis. W'e Nvt/re jnsr av<i'os< riu- Inirder. auil our I'^'ailo in t^cn- 
crai were deeply iurere^ted. The unroldin:^ of the ^<t.aae's n"l»le pasr 
has been a revelation to inaiiy. The point eniphasized more than any 
ofher Avas the rirst I£:nu-lish settleuient at lioanr.k*' Island. Periiaps. 
in future, when orators and hisrorians address audi>-nces they will 
not i.u-nore the priority of this EuLrlish colony. One historian of 
national reputation, ^ince haviPii: })!•< atteiitioa (lr;iwn to !>ur Exhibit, 
has visited the State, makin:.;- a sysrematie study of her unpublished 
archives and i,'atherini: material therefrom for a pro.speetive volume. 
Another has had many photogra[)iis taken uf the ehief relics, to ai)- 
jtear in a work on the historic Sotith. Our silver hall marks 'are to 
l»e ]iublished in tlie [Kfj-es of still another valuable embryonic work. 
Frnm various seerir'iis rif iiie I'niou ranie ]!<-'rsons who found there 
inforniatiou of value to them, personally. As an educational factor. 
the sueeess was eomidete. and it is believed that this engrossiuu: work 
will i,'reai:iy aid in. develoi'iny: the historical tiwakening already betrun 
in our midst. 

Jamestown Exposition is now btit a deli'.^htftil memory, which must 
remain "a, joy forever" to those who saw it from an historical stand- 
l)oint. No description can. convey any idea of its worth or artistic 
eiTect. To the icenerous men and of Carolina wlio made this 
exhdtitiou a possiliility by the loan of their priceless heirlooms, and 
by their tmtiring energy: to the custodians of other States, who, by 
their courte.^y and encouragement. rendere<l the installation an easier 
task, there are existing obliiTations which can never be repaid. 



Coiumuiiiou lAiDericuii; ti'«'iu .St. i'lturs (..'Iiurch, EJenton. 
>.', C II coiK^isrs oL' [uirL'ii and rhnlice aiid \v;is the isU't ul" l.'olonel Ed- 
vrard Mos<;-'Iy in 17:25. Euaiied by ibe vpstry. 

Col'tV.'e pot: and (.-roain ]>itcher. 171.". ownt^^l by ri.'vei'nur Charles 
Eden, l)fariii-: the Eden cresit. L*janed by Eliza Ilarwood Drane. 
Edenton. X. C. 

Service e<:>usiSLiDu' ot: ri^'e ]>iece>?, owned by Governur Sauitiel Johu- 
stoii, of ••ITayes." which were: one tea iiwt. leaned by Mrs. W. D. 
rriiden : tea pot and creauj pireher. luaiuM.l by Mr. Jullen Wood; 
suj-'ar bowl, leaned by Mr. Hal. Wood. 

Dessert.^[><;»eii. <3wned by Goverjier Siunuel John.stuu, bearing tlie 
John.^ten crest. Loaned by Mrs. ^Y. D. Priiden. Edetiteu. X. C. 

Cruets, about 17<;a belonuvd to the faniily and bearing their 
crest. Loauetl by .Miss Eliza ilarwood Drane. Edenton. X. C. 

The Cameron service (American, Johnson and Treat), consisting of 
coffee pot. sugar dish, creau! pitclier. eni> ( g'.dddiued) and one tea 
pot i shetiield plate), owiieci !»y Mr. liichard Bennehan, of '•.^tagville." 
mem])er of the (.'ornmirtee of Safety during the Revolution. His 
daughter. Rebecca Benuehan. was inairing tea from this pot when she 
met her futtire husband. Judge Dtmcan Cameivui. Each piece bears 
the Cameron arms, having been inherited by Mrs. Duncan Cameron. 
Loaned by Colonel Benuehan Cameron, of "Stagville." 

Two tal>lespoons. owneil by 3[r. Rifdiard Benuehan. of •■Stag^ille." 
Became tlie property of Reiiecc-a Bennehan, v, bo married Judge Dun- 
can Cameron. Loanetl by Colonel Canieron. 

Two coffeespoons, owned l.y Mr. Riohard Bennehan. Loaned by 
Colonel Bennehan Cameron, of '•Stagville." 

Boufiuet liolder. owned by a A-ery <dd lady iu Ma-'on. (xeorgia, used 
to hold bridal bouquets. A gift to ^Mrs. Graham from a friend. 
Loaned by Mrs. Paul Cameron Graham. Durhi^m. X. C. 

Toast rack. Loaned by Mrs. Geonre P. C(dlins, Hillsboro. X. C. 

I'ortion f-f the service presented to Elora Mac-Donald by Prince 
Charles Edward Stuart. It cop.sists of waiter, l.>owl. ladle and cream 
pitcher. Loaried by ^irs. E. J. .Justice, Greensbom. X. C. 

Five tabiesiKums. (nvn(^d by Loiiis Poisson. a native of France, and 
brought during the French Rev»dution to San Domiu-co. During the 
uprising there they were taken to Xorth Car<:)lina. Loaned by :\Irs. 
E. J. Justice, <;reenslx)ro, X. C. 

Taukard f]-]nglJsh». owned by Mr. Thomas liarker, <,'f TZdenton. 
X. C. Won ]>y an Aioerican horse at Penii)i-oke. England, 17.54. 

Ladle (EnglishG 17.54, owned by l\[r. Thomas B.irker. Loaned by 
Mrs. James Warren. Edenton, X. C. 

Teaspoon, one of a set owned by William Hooper, ene of the three 












NorcU Carolina si,u'iKn'>; of rbe Nari(;nal Declaration of Independon.'.'L'. 
Tho silver was in t'ao pos.-<os.siou of James Hooper, the youn'^est son, 
but, having no oliiklren. his widow iiave them d» his grandniece. it 
bears the Hooper crest. Dxmed In* IMrs. Ileien Delierniere Hoo))er 
Wills, Kaleigh. X. r. 

Sugar tongs, o^-n^'d by General Frederick Tdargett. Loaned by Mrs. 
George Green. 

Candle snuffers and rray i Sbelfield idatei. owned l)y Genera! Fred- 
erick Hargett, of liie Ivevolution. Loaned l>y 3Irs. George Green. 

Ladle (American), bearing the (ireen crest. Loaned by .Airs. 
Gei'rge Green, No\\- Bern. X. C. 

Ladle, wedding silver <»: G.abriel I>uLrutz and Deb<>rah .Ab)nr- 
goniery. JNLircb. ITi'l. Leaned by Mrs. E. J. .Justice, Greensboro. 
N. C. 

Go]»ler. presented to William nooi)er. LL. D.. by a class of younu- 
hidies. 3Ir. IIo.>])er was a grandson of William ILjoiier. who signed 
the Declarati-rn of Independence. Loaned l>y Mr. B. F. Beasley, Fay- 
etteville. X. C. 

Cake basket ( Sheilield piare). originally owned by John Appleton. 
of Ipsv.ieh. ;\Lassachusects. lf>'.;0. It l^ears the ai-ms ,.f Greai: Britain. 
Brouglit with The founder of liie A[>])leron. fanrily :«> .Vmerica. whose 
ancestors were John A')[deton. of Waldirigileld. ^Nfa^gaa. Suffolk. Eng- 
land, and John ap T'lr>)n. of Wales. Arms granted to him by Henry 
IV.. 1412, and name changed in England to Appleion.. Loaned by 
M. Dawes Applecon Staples, Greensboro. X'. C. 

Spoon, belonged to Andrew ^Miller. Bntlierfordton. X'. C. He was 
capture! iiy the British and threatened with death unless he gave 
information concerning the American army. So steadfastly did he 
refu-:-' that it oonua-in le.l the admira.tion of Cobuiel Ferguson, v.'ho 
released him an.d u-ave him his own knee buckles, from which this 
sp(H)n Avas niade. Loaned by Mr. IL B. ^liller, Shelley, X. C. 

< »ne knee buckle. o\\-ned tiy .John Lewis, of \'irginia. Loaned by 
Mrs. S. R. Fowle. Wasliinu-t-.n. X. C. 

Cuff Inittons. ovrned liy (\aptain (Tilbi-aith Falls. Loaned by Mes- 
dames Amanda Janieson and S. -M. Furr. Ab)oresville, X. (.'. 

Belt buckle, slide and badge, owned by (leneral ^vlc.rgan, of the 
Revolution. Loaned Uy ]\Irs. F. A. JcMikins. Xashville. X. (,'. 

Spi>on (Colonial). Loaned by Mrs. J. R. Thomas. Wa,^-nesville, 
X. C. 

Punch ladle, \^ith Harvey crest, owned hy Prcsi(b^ut John Harvey, 
of the Council. Loaneil by ^Misses Harvey. HerrfortL X. <J. 

Basket ( Shethekl i»l;itei. brou::ht from Scotland, lTs2. owne,! jiy 
Mrs. Jane Moore (Jra.y. Loaned by Mrs. Ernest Dea.ns. Wilson. X'. <;. 


Coronmnion servl<-e. •■onsisting of i)aten and chalice, u.^^ed in tirst 
German Reform Chui-ch, Alamance Counry. X. (.". Loaned by Mrs. 
F. E. Scllars. Burlingtoji, X. C. . 

I • 2S 

I . . 

\ Sup::ir houi. r.oanvHl by Captaiu S;!imiol VVrbh. r.urliii'Jton. X. C. 

: i.'re;im ijkcliOL", owned hy ,Ini|:_'c .luhii L^-\^ is Taylor. Loaned by 

^Trs. L. A. T.a\M-en('t'. IrftLdl Coniiry, X. ('. 

Mwj:. Loautd hy Mrs. F. E. s*.'llars. IUiiiin,u-L')n. X. < '. 


^Memorial locket, to the memory of StejiluMi ^foore. 171)0. Loaned 
by ('oloiip] Sanmel Webb. lUirliiiLrton, X. ('. 

ilem';rial miniature ot" Tristram Lon-ther, in leather case. Loaned 
by ^Sliss :m. F. Skinner. Edenton. X'. ( '. 

^Miniature of John Dawson. Loaned by Miss Eliza Har\^^)od Drane, 
Edenton. X. C. 
; Mindalure of ^NLirtin Fiske. Loaned by Miss M. F. Skinner. 

; ■ Miniature of (;'a]>tain Thomas Amis, member of the Committee of 

Safety. Li)aned by Mrs. (L 1'. Collins. nillsb'.r<». X. C. 

Miniature of ^lajor HoAvell Levois. (Tranville County. X'. C. aa'Iio was 
m the Revolution. Loaned by iiis urreut-great-i?rariddamrhter. Miss 
. - Mary Laurens liiiiron. I-ia.leiudi. X. <._'. 

• Miniature of Elizabeth Gilbert, wife of .\Lartin Fiske. Loaned by 
Miss ^L F. Skinner. Edenr;:n. X. C. 

Miniature of Tristram Lowther. Loane<l \*y Miss Eliza Marwood 
". Drane. Edenton. X. C. 

Painting of ]^[iss Mary Lewis. Granville County. X'. C. Loaned by 
Mrs. S. R. Fowle. TTashin-ton. X. C. 

^Miniature of Judge James Iredell. L(/;ined by ;Mrs. P. E. Ilines, 
.C ' I ■■ Raleigh, X. <;. 

; • Miuiature of Madam Farquard Campbell. Loaned through Mrs. 

i - Marshall "Williams. Faison. X. C. 


Theodosia Burr Alsr(»n. This famous p'ortrait was foiuid in a pilot 

boat beacheil at Xag's Head, X. C. in the winter of LS12-T3. Loaned 

by Mrs. J. P. Overman. Elizabeth City. X. C. 

„_ William Hooper. Joseph Ilewes and John Penn. the three signers 

of the Xational L>eclaration of Inih'pendenoi'. These copies were made 

; , for this exhllnt and jiresented by Messrs. John G. WoocL Charles L. 

■ Van X'oppen and the Xorth Carolina IFistorical Conmnssiciu. 

General Joseph Graliam. who served in the War of the Revolution 

' , and the War of 1S12. Loaned by Jmlge A. W. Graham. Oxfor-l. X. C. 

James Green, born 1727, Clerk of the first Provincial Council held 

' , in Johnston County. Ociober IS. 177."i : Se<-rerary of the Provincial 

Congress whieh met at Halifax. X. C.. April 4. 1770. 

Martha Cogs(Udl. wife of James (iroen. bmai 172s. Loaned hy Mrs. 
George (rreen. Xew Bern. X. C. 

Go\-eruor Samuel Johnston, ([^ovtn-nor of Xorrh Carolina. 17n7: first 
■ ' Senator from X<>rrh (Carolina. 17V»-"bM. This i-are (/Id water oolor 

hangs in the library ar "Hayes." Loaned by Mv. .hAiu G. Wood. 
Edenton. X. C. • . 


Dr. J;niie> Xorcoui. skillod sur.-'-eon in Wai- of 1>«1lI. lie was ivconi- 
lueiuLod by Dr. Beujaniiu liiisLi. oi riiikKieliilihi, and npiioiincl by 
Xatlianu'l .Maron. ot XorrU Cwrolina. This p(.vrrait was jMaintt'd by 
rhe Aiin^'iean [U-ynulils. Loaiu-d l>y Miss I'cnelo^jo Ibiskins Norcnin. 
Il^n-trcnl. N. C. 

?v[rs. Winifivd ['btskins. Se<'rerary of rli(_> J^-dearou Tea I'arry, I'-'tiHred 
by Jieyjiolds. Loaned by Miss L'eiieldpe Hoskins Norc-oiu. 

.Tud'..:e James Ired^n. Assoriare Justiee of rhe Sii]irt>ine ('our!: of the 
I'nited Slates. Tills iK.rtraii was lU'esenied to rli<' ►^iiiu'ein'' (.'oiirr of 
North Carolina by the Xorrh Ca.rolina Soeiety Sons of the Ke\-olti- 
tion. Loaned by the SiiT'i-enie (Nnirt Justices of X'orih Carolin.-t. 

Judtre Alfred Moore. Associare Jnstirf of th».' Sur.reme ("'oiirt of tlie 
United States. This poi'trait was presented to the Sii])reme (^'oiirr of 
North Carolina by the Xorrh Carolina Society Sous of the Revolu- 
tion. Loaned by the Supreme i.'ourt Jusricos of Xorth Carolina. 

Two portraifs of members of the Ap[>leton family. Hannah Dawes 
a.nd Catherine Hou^h. Loaned by 31rs. John D. Sta[>les. Greensboro. 
X. C. 

Hon. William A. Graham. Governor of Xorth Carolina. lS4r>-'4r) : 
vSeeretary of the X'avy, l^.jO-''i:. Loaned by his da.ui^diter, Mrs. Wal- 
ter Clark. Raleigh. X. C. 


A do.nment, beincr an account of the trial of Ai>raham Whi[>ple for 
cowardice in eu,2:a,i,'emenr between tiie sidi) (.'oluinh'K^ and Glu^-iioir, 
man-of-war. April 7. ITT*;. This paijer is in John Paul Jones" hand- 
writing and was forwarded to Jose[)h Hewes. Chairman of the X'aval 
Committee of the Continental Con^jress. 

Autograph leiter from Ass(»ciate Justice Jan^os Iredell to Governor 
Samuel Johnston, builder of '•Hayes.'" ITOo. 

Autograph letter from Governor Samuel Johnston to Joseph Hewes. 
one of the signers of the X;itional Declaration of Independence from 
X'orth Carolina. 

Autograph letter from William Hooper to Joseph Hewes and John 
Penu. 1770. 

Autogra]»h letter from John Penn to Josei>h Hewes, 1770. J^oaned 
by Mr. John G. Wood, of -Tlayes." Edenton.. X. C. 

Land grant of I.o.jO acres on L)uck River, from X^orth Carolina to 
X'athaniel Jones (Of •'White Plains.'' a Judge during the Revolution), 
signed by Governor Samuel Johnston i!i 17^S. 

The oriudna! ]>lan of Raleigh. Xorth Carolina, made Jvdy 1. 17;i7. 
owned by CoJiMiel Joel L;ine, tlie founder of Raleigh, who convt\ved 
1,0*1(1 acres of land to rlie State of Xorth Carolina and aa):e the fol- 
lowing squares to the city: Capitol. P.urlve. Caswell, ]\Xoore and Xash. 

Will I ropy I of Colonel Joel Lane, v/riiten Oct'-lior 2--*, 17;G. Loaned 
l>y Miss Susie Gentry, the irr*'at-great-gr;inddanuduei- of Colonel Lane. 

A survey of land for the State of Xorrli Carolina to Xatlnmiel 
Jones (of "White Plains".), of l.-i-'tO r.cres ..u Du'k River, by D. Vanoe. 
Loaned by Miss Susie Gentry, ••Maplehurst," Prankliu, Tennessee. 

30 ' 

Commission. <-i.uMT'-^l by Goor-Jp WnshiiKTon. Loaned by Miss Cath- 
erine S. Albercson. Elizubinh <.;iry, X. C. 

A Quaker marriau'e eeutiiicate. ISlT. Loaned by :\nss Catherine S. 
Albertson. Eliza l)eih City. X. C. 

Day IhicI-:. belcmrt-'d to P;irri(;k X<'nnaye. a pioneer uiercli;int of East 
Tennessee. L.ianed i>y his L;reat-Lrr;uul<I;umhter. Mrs. Lindsay Patter- 
son. Winsrun-Salem. X. C. 

L)(\>(1. <i,:_^r.e<i by Cobau-l John Hintt-n. of W'.-ik't- County. X'ortli Caro- 
lina, who commanded ;i rt'iiinit-nt of Culonial troop.^ ai; vlie l.iattle> of 
Alamance. }.L>y V>. 1771, and Moore's Creek Bridire. Febvnjiry 27. 177ti. 

Deed, si.icnt'il by :Ma.ior .John irinr(,)n. of "Chiy Kill." Wake County. 
Xe,rrh < 'arolina. \vh«.» was ar tlie iiatrle of Mot ire's Creok r.rid^'e. 1770. 
Loaned by Miss Elizabeth I'riee Jones. ••Whire (»ak Grovf.'." Raleicrh. 
X. C. 

L>eed ro Alexander Donalson. Eownn Goanty. X'orth Carolina. 17s8. 
D^aned by Mrs. F. K. ^huri^v. Mooresvillo. X. C. 

Old dciriimenu. 1.70."i. Loaned bv Mr. J. Paul Leonard. Statesville. 
X. C. 

Ocean passa.u^e receifit, 1775. Loanc^l by Mr. J. Paul Leonard, 
Staresville. X. C. 

Framed inviration. owned l-y ?»[rs. Aniu; rNL;>ade Randolph. "Capua." 
Powharan Counry. ^dr,l,dni;i. I^IL The invitation was to a ball com- 
niemorariULT rhe Idrrh of WaslunuTon. 

L(>af from Anne Landolph's diary, describin.::: Monticello in Jeffer- 
son's adnunisir;itii>n. 

Letter from Colonel Piohard Randolph, of "Curl's." Vir^xinia. 
Loaned by ?»rrs. Lucy >Fi<-haux Moss. Greensboro. X. C. 

Army commissiou of C.-ipr.-iin Alexander Davids(»n. 17>0. Lojined by 
Mr. T. M. C. Davidson. ;^;arosvil!-. X. C. 

Deiireci;irion talde mt South C;iroiiria in 17s3. 

Lotrer from .^La.ior Monliiorenco lo .Spruce McCoy, connnissioner of 
Contiscared proju'riy, conocrnin,LC beliavior of some of his men in rakini; 
f'jr tlifir us*' some ;.ro].orty in riie o:ii-e of Mr. 'Mci'oy. AL-ijor ^lont- 
rlorcnce wa.s (jnarrormaster of Salisbury Disrrict. 

Reof.ipt iiy AVilliiun l.unsford. tjuartermaster Ser.ireant. Colonel Wil- 
liam \\';i<hinudon's rf-dmont of Li,i:i)C Drau'oous. for corn furnished him 
by .Jolm T)iinn, ■'.vho iiirui'<'d (■onsi)i<aionsly. but not .cdoriously. when the 
]MockIoii!)uri: 1 >o.-i:irari<.n read in Salisbury l)y Gaprain Jack, the 
inessciJLTor wh<» vras oarryim; it to the Continental Con.irress ;it Phila- 

Aiito-'rajth letter froui General Williani R. r)avie. 

Copy of conimissior\ of Joim Paul Jones. Loaned l>y Major Willinni 
A. (Jraliam. Machjielali. .V. < '. 

Eand .crauf. own. d by X.athaniel Hart. Caswell County. Xorth Caro- 
lina, granted by tb- Ri^at. Hoiiofablo John. Earl of (;i-anville. 17Ci : 
deoded p. (io'/ire Rayuie and siiruiMl by tiovernor Riflia.rd (":aswell, 


I Land grnnt, owned by "VVniuiiii Au.uiin. Caswell County. Xortli Caro- 

I linn, beuiii- i»art or the land irrauced by the Rii^ht Ilondrable John. 

Earl of (Ti-anville. in 17G4. signed by Governcr Alfxander Marrin. 17>r;. 

Laiul irrant, .aviknI by William Sladc. C'aswell County, Xo}'th r.-n-,,- 
liua. bfinLC pa.rr <>r the kmii ur.-mrrd Wy the .Uiudir Ib^aioralde Jolii). 
Ea.rl t.>f Gram-ille. in 1TG4. si,-!ii>.l by Ci:)vernor .Samuel Johnston. 17^'.). 
Loanrd-1'y Mrs. Jennie Joluisi.-n Honiey. Groeiisbero, X. (\ 

Ueiristrr ()f Bure ' 'onrrhouse. Buie e'oimry. Xourh (,'ar<jlina. Loant'tl 
by The Onilt'ord Battle Groinui Company. (Tivensboro. N. C. 

Aut(\u:ra[)h letter from "Wiilie Joites. 

Auruurapb letter from General Xalhanael Greene. 

Aat'->'j:rai!h letter r'rora the ?ilnrqnis de LaFayptte. 

Anto.irraph letter from General Anthony \^'ayne. letter from Baron de lioeha.mbean. 

Signature of General Joseph Graluun. 

Anto:,'raph letter from Geuerrd Jethro Stvmner. 

Auto.ijrraph letter from vSamiiei Ashe. ._- - . 

Autograph letter from Kea.ding Blonnt. 

Autograph letter from David Fanning. 

Autograph letter from Colonol Henry Dixon. B<:.ane<;l by ^iiss Fve- 
beeea i^chenek. (Treensl)oro. x. C. 

Aiit<;)graph letter from William Db-kson. Ltuined by ]Mr. J. O. Carr, 
Wilmington. X. C. 

Old deeds. Loaned by ?>Ir.s. J. B. Winders. Warsaw. X. C. 

Land grant and will. Loaned by ^Ir. T. ->L C. Davidson. Iredell 
County, X'. C. 

. General Jethro Sumner's ledger. Loaned by Miss Schenek, Greens- 
boro. X. C. 

Contract for cotton mill. Loaned by ]Miss Schenek. 


Sword of James Stewart, seventh Baron of Blantyre, 1781. Stew- 
art was killed at the battle of Guilford Courthouse. This sword was 
picked up on the field. Owned by The Guilford Battle Ground Com- 
pany. Greensboro. X. C. 

Scotch knife. 17S1, carried by Sc<~'tch Hiirhlander at ])attle of Guil- 
ford Courthouse. This v/;!s found on the field. Loaned by The ixuil- 
ford Battle Ground Company. 

Canteen of John Morehead. Greensboro. X. <\. 17sO. This canteen 
was used by him during the southerji cami)aign und<^r Greene. Loaned 
by Guilford Battle Ground Company. 

Gun. owned by Governor Jesse Franklin. Surry County, N. C. and 
carried by him at the battle of Guilford Courthouse. Loaned by The 
Guilford Piattle Gromni Couniany. 

Gun. owned by Caleb Crev/s. Gr;inville County. X'. C. and rarried by 
him all through the Revolution and usfMl by liim at the battle of (Guil- 
ford Courtliouse. 

IN'\v,l(>r L'onr'l. nsra in- < JovpriKH- Jt'sso Franklin ar tlu' l^atth^ of 
GuiJfonl C;)artli..r.M'. .Mardi l.~. 1T>1. Pn>s«MUHl ret (ii'.ilL'.'i-d Batrlo 
GrDiind Company. Jnly 4. isic*. hy Hon. Jo^^^.se Frat;I:!in (.ri'aves. 
Loaned by The (ruili-'ord r,arrle (Ground ( 'omp-ifiy. Gi-ocnslioi-o. X. C. 

Bmvie i^nitV ri-oni Kin^^'s Monurain l.;inlcrield. Loaned l-y Mr. J. J. 
Wilkins. Sludhy. X. C 

Provincial i)owderliorn. Lo<tned by Mr. John G. \V-.,,d, Kdenron, 
X. C. 

v*<Avord of ('olonol Su^pltpn Mil lor. i)ii}tlin ('(•unry. X. i\. l"^.'. \vhi<-li 
was isre<eutod liy Governor Alexander Martin to Colonel ^Ldler for 
valued serAiees reutlered at battle of Mo*. re's Greek L.ridse. Loaned 
by :Mr. W. .AL :Millor. :Memphis. Teiines.vee. 

I'iSLol ea]>tnred from Gornwallis. For years his name was discern- 
ible on brass plates on it. Lo.'iiied by yiv. Asa Uynniii. thron;-,di Mrs. 
Geortre (Jreen. X\nv Bern. X". C. 

P.nvderhorn. used by Davy Crockett, of Alamo fame. Tins is the 
one painted in his tiorrraic. Loa.iied by ^vLss Susie Gt-ncry. '•Maplo- 
hurst/" Fraidvlin. Tennessee. 

Sword of Captain Gilbraith Falls. ITno. Carried in liattie of Ram- 
sauer's Mill by Captain Falls, where he was kiiied. Loaned oy 
Aiesil^ines Anianda Jameson and S. M. Fnrr. .Mooresvi]!--'. X'. C. 

Sword of Colonel -John Crutchfield. Lo;!ned by Captain. W. 11. Tiir- 
ren_tinp. Jhuiinaion, X. C. 

Su'ord owned by Lieutenant Re^ss. 1775. and carried by him at bat- 
tle of Bunker Hill. Loaned by 'Sir. Julius A. Melohor. Mooresville. 
X. C. 

S^-ord owned by Sam. ITouston. 17Sn. nse<l ar Itarrle of Ramsauer's 

Revo}uti<»nary soldier's sword. Loaned by Mrs. Bosr. Statesvilie. 
X. C. 

Sword of Captain John Dio!-:ey. usdl liy him at battle of Kiuir's 
Mountain. Lo;ined by Mrs. S. W. Stevens(.n. Mooresvilh--. X. C. 

Musket (tlint look) of William Carri.u-an. of the Rt'\olntion, 1770. 
Loaned by ?*[iss Catlierine Carri.2;an. Cabarrus County. X. C. 

Rifle. 1700. carried on various trips thr*-'U2;h Xorth Carolina. Ohio. 
Kentuc-ky. South Carolina, and Tennesseo by Joseph Hall. L<)aned by 
:Mr. J. S. ITall. Rowan Counry. X. C. 

RiHe, captured at b.-ittle of Kimr's Mon.ntain by a Mr. Wilson. The 
lock was chanixed and the bore enlarired a few years ac-) by Mr. Albert 
Wilson. Loaned l)y Mr. J. A. Wilson. Sholby. X. C 

Rifle, captured at battle of Ramsauor's Mill by Edward Lowis. Tlu" 
lock was chan'-:ed by a :Mr. Gault a few years aizo. Loaned by :Mrs. 
John Willis, Cleveland County. X. C. 

Powderliorn. used by ancestor of .Mr. John Miller. Kenansville. 
X'. C, in the Revo!uti'«n. who loancil it. 

Rapier, owned !>y Colonel James If. Ilunter. used in breaking: up the 
court at Ilillsbioro, X. C. A monunn'nt has been erected to ilie memorv 


of Colonel Hunter a" f'Uiilfonl BiUile Grouiul. L 
Kennoday. Iloiistouvilio. IrcdoU Counry. X. ('. 

uYA'd hv Mrs. r 


China plate. ',)\vnfd by :>lrs. Winifred Ifoskins. Senerary dT" rlie 
Kdonton Tea Party. 1774. Li-iMu-d by hw descendant. Miss Peutd.»pe 
Ilosldns Xorconi. IlerrfMrd. X. C. 

L'liina i^ate, owned by Mr<. Elizabeth Horniblow, one ot the signers 
of the Edenton Tea Parry. Loaned;, by her descendant. Miss Penelope 
Hnskins Xorrnni. Hertford. X. ('. 

Antique P.oiieuiian L'hiss coio.une bortle, o\vned liy Mrs. I>i)lly P;iyne 
Madiscn. PSiiO. r>o]jy Madiscn. born in Xorrh Cai-uiina,. was tlie wife 
of l*resident James O.IadiS;:>n. She v^iiicd her t-* h(n' niece and 
adopted dau.:j:hter, jlrs. ^lary C Knncle. which vv-ei-e so.lts.'quenriy sold 
by her executrir. Pruned by ?.Irs. E. E. Mutlitt, Tialeigh. X. C. 
. Plate, owned by Jai.ies Mndisou. fourth President of the I'nired 
States. l^Or*. now tile i-roperry uf his Li-reai-Lrreat-niece. Mrs. J. Pt. 
Thomas. 'Waynesville. X. C, who loaned it. 

Sevres plate, one of a set of thirty- i>ieces. made by order of Xano- 
leon as a coronation <_:ift to Joseph Bonaparte when he was made 
King of Spain: broimht to America by the exiled rulej' and ,s<:>ld by 
him to Ills friend. General Robert Patterson. 0^\Tied and loaned by 
his granddaughter, 3Irs. Lindsay P:!.tterson. N^'inston-Salent. X. C. 

C'hiiui cnp. owned by Mrs. ^Maru'arer ?u^-ruUsby. the last piece of a 
set of china that 2ilrs. ^danltsby carried with lior from Bladen County 
to ^Mecklenburg, where the family tied to escape hostilities in 177o. 
The Manltsbys were Quakers. Pa leaving their home to avoid right- 
hv^, they remcived to scenes of war and fought throughout the Revolu- 
tion. Lc^Hied 'ny -APiss Mary Langdoii Ayr. Fayetteville. X. C. 

Tea caddy. 1774, contemporaneous \^-ith the Edentwu Tea Party, 
found in Edenton by P>r. Dillard -MUd presented by him to the XV»rth 
<'arolina Society P'riughters of the Revohuion. who loaised it. 

Cut» plate, 17^2. L'.)aned by Mr. Julius Melchor. -^Tooresville. X'. C. 

Delft cup. owned Iw Alajor ELowell Lewis, of Gr:inville County, 
X. C. a.n otticer of militia in the Revolution. It was i>rou2:ht from 
Enghuid more than one hundred and tifty years ago. Loaned Iw Miss 
^[ary Hilliard Hinron, Raleigh. X. C. 

Plate of John Gray. Fredericksburg. Virginia; brought from Scot- 
land in 17S2. Loaned by Mrs. Ernest Deans. Wilson. X. C. 

Plate, seventeenth century. Loaned l>y Mrs. T. C. Vaughan. Bur- 
lington. X'. C. 

Wedgewood pitcher. Loaned by Captain Sanuiel Wel)l», Graham, 
X. C. 

Two pieces of blue china. havin2: T>ictures <rf the binding of LnFay- 
i^tte thereon: also one china cho|) dish ( eiirhteenth century* and 
Wedgewood pitcher: one blue plate. All loaned by Captain Samuel 
Webb. Burlington. X. C. 


luiixlish teapot, broncrhr from Paris in 18'^.; and presented to Mrs. 
MacRae. Wlieii L.-iFax-etve visited lu-r in l^'jr. she .^ave him a eu!» ol 
tea made in this tt^a{JOT. Loaned I'.v Mrs. S. G. Ayr, FayetteviUe. 
X. C. 

♦ iuaiut piu-hor. made in Livt--riMM)l. kii-iwii as W;i-<hiiii:ron iiirclK^r. 
It has on one side a i.i-aure of ijio Kdentoii e'ourr Tlonse: on rlie n^- 
verse side a nwii) of the \vo)-iil ot; that i»eriod. Lonned hy the .Misses 
llarvey. Th.-rrf<ird. X. ('. 

(Miin( st' [ilate, iu-obal'ly three h.nndred years (.Id. ovviird by (leor.^re 
Dnranr, vln-se urt-ary \v\i\\ tlio Indians vlest-rves to V)o better known. 
Loaned by Mrs. S. S. Xixon. Eli/alx'th Tiry. X. (/. 

Glass bnrtermilk b'-rtle. used by soldiers dnidnu' th(^ Kovohition. to 
Ciirry bnttermilk. Loaned by Mr. Robert Kamsay. liowan County, 

X. <. 

An old spode jnteher. belonged t(> Thonias Amis. Halifax. N. C, 
b<-'Lore t!io liovolution. It descended to liis da.nii-hter. ?tlrs. Rieisard 
Bennehan: to iier dan^zhter. Mrs. Duncan Cain^n-on : to her dau.^iiter. 
Mar.uM]-et Canter<:^n ^Mordei-ai; to present owner. T>oaned by Colonel 
Benne!i;in Cameron, Sta.c:ville. XT. C. 

I)ish (pressed udass'i. <>\\n<nl by >drs. Winifred lT<>sldns. Seei-etary 
of Ed(^nt*)n Tea Party. Loaned i>y ^liss Iloskins X'<ir<;om. 
Hertford. X. C. 

-MIscEr.LA^'^ous costc :^fF.s. 

v"<iH.: waisc and Si-arf. beion'jrin.L' to the Stoveuson family. Loaned 
by Mv^. ('e>rdelia Whitford. Xew E>ern. X". C. 

Silk waist, tn'o shawls (about ISOd » and veil 107 years old. 

P,;(r»y dress. nia(b3 by Mr-. Elizabeth Hancor-k Franklin, daughter of 
Ensiu:n Han<-ork. of the Revolnrion. v.dio wa,s afterwards promoted to 
a Heutetmncy. 

Handkerrhief. embretidered. Loaned by :\Irs. Geor.u'e Green. X*ew 
Pern. X. ('. 

(doak. nK(de by .a Mrs. H<:»rn .some time prior to ls.30. now owned by 
her ,i,'reat-^randson. Mr. A. M. Ledford. Cleveland Connty, X. C. 

Satin robe, worn by James Ir(>deII. Associate Justice of the Supreme 
C*>nrr of the Cnited States. Loaned by Mr. < 'adwallader Iredell. X<)r- 
folk. Ndr^inia. 

Shawi. tiiroe hundred years old. Loaned liv ?.Irs. J. R. Wells. ^lag- 
]ioli;i. X. <■. 

Ibitroii. worn by ,Mr. Carr in Revolutionary War. Loaned by Mrs. 
Cox. Mount (dive, X. C. 

'I'rousers. 'rpiv'se were the weddiiii; tnuisers of General D. IT. Seagle, 
nnide by biur^elf nitiety-odd years a'.ro. He was a native of T.ineoln 
Coimry. X. <\. the farher of thirteen children and had n'ine sons in the 
Confe^lorjito .Mraiy. Loantnl by Mrs. F. «'. Ib^ijerts. SheU)y. X'. C. 

Siliv p'*ttieoat. bejoii-od to Soplii.'i L.ifeidt Puhman. of Germany, 
niH.ur i^otf. It was part of ;ni evening dress. Loaned l)y Miss Freda 
Buhiuan. (Jreeiisboro. X. C. 


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Vest, bt^longed to 'M:\rrAn Roherrs. worn ]>y hiii) \vliile in service as 
forage master (Uiriuir tbe Revolution. Loaned by ^Irs. J. M. Roberts, 
Patterson S[irinLrs. X. (\ 

Imitation, bonnet, sent to blisses Mary aiul Eliza Jenkins, of Hali- 
fax Connry. X. « \. in 177^. by rlioir sistt^r in ^bn•a\■ia. sLunvin^LC the 
fasliions tlion in vou-ue in rliar Enroi'eau couniry. Li>aiied by Mrs. 
F. A. Govham, Wilson. X. C. 

White satin slippers, nsed Iiy tbe wife of Governor James Turner, 
lS(r2-'i.H:;. Loaned by Mrs. X-aTioet SiairU. So(»rland Xeci^. X. C. 

Bead bau'. owned by Mrs. Henry [Rimprou. Hamptonville. X. C. 
Loaned by Miss \'. STirevralr. Davidson. X. ('. 


Ei.u'Iiteen copties of tbe Ji>hn ^Miite Pictures. Tbese were made by 
Mr. Xicbols from the originals in the Grenviile collection in the Brit- 
ish Museum. John Wiiite wa>^ sent to Rr)a!i<)ke Island by Sir Walter 
Eaieii^'h t<> make siier'-hes of tile Indians. laeir foarures. sryles of 
- dress, customs, houses, trees, fruits, eic. in the ncivly planted colciuy. 
■^Miite remained one year, lacking five days. Presented by Colonel 
Bennehan Cameron. Stagviiie. X. C.. who obtained permission from 
the L'nited States (Tovernmenu lo exhil>it the same in the X'orth Caro- 
lina historical exliildt. 

The following were k>an.ed by the X'-n'th Car<.>lina Hall of Plistory. 
Fred. A. Olds. Dire.-t«*r: 

Framed photograi)h of King diaries 11. 

Framed photograpiis ot the seven Lords Proprietors of the Prov- 
ince of Carolina, viz., Edward Hyde. Earl of Clarendon; George 
. Monck, Duke of Albemarle: William. Earl of Craven; Lord Ashley; 
John, Lord Berk'dey: Sir George Carreret; Sir William Be/keley. 
i • Framed photograj>h of the Edenton Court House. 

I Framed photograph *>( Washington's cliair in Masonic Hall. Eden- 

I ton. X. C. 

I Framed photi.)graph of St. Paul's Churcli. Edenton. X'. C. 

I Framed photogriip'h of the communion .'<ervi<;e of St. Paul's Church. 

I Edenton. X. C. 

I Framed photogra]»h of rhe tombs of Xorth Carolina's Colonial Gov- 

I ernors in St. Paul's Chur<;'liyard. Edenton, X. C. 

I Framed iihotoLcraph of "Hayes." Edentf-n. X. C. 

I Framed plioto:rra[!h of the burying ground at "'Haves." Edenton. 

I Four framed photograidis of Wihiiington. X'. C. 

Framed ]>hotoLrr:iph ot the (;<".lr.iu;il rnu at Hertford. X. C. : 

Fraine<l pliotou-ra[>li of the monuiiieiit to Vir'-rinia Dare (»n Roanoke 

Fi-amed phoiograjili of rhe Treaty witii the Tusoarora Indians. 

Watfr color painting of ("oriiwallis" bea<i(iuarters. Wilmington. 
X, C, home of the bate Mrs. McRary. , 

: WiUer Color v.iiinriiiLr r>r" Cii]i(.l;i ILnise. Etleiit"n. X. C. rhe okle:5c 

house iii rhe rown. 

Arms or" Sir W.-ilrer R.-iIeiirh. in watf-r ^-olors. 

<->ii I'aiurinir of Ballast I'oiur. Koaiioke Island, where Kaleisrirs 
Colony !au<I<'(l. 

UbeiTv I'oinr. Fa yerteviile. >,'. C 

Euu'raviii',^ of J"hn I'aiil Jones. 

I]n:rravinL'- of D.-iuiel Boone. 

Lav. son's nmi! of Xorrh Carolina. 

I'i'.-tnres of Presiilenrs polk an-l Jnr-kson and rheir oirrhijlaces. 

I'icnire of l'res!d«-ur Andrew Jolins,>n"s hirrhijlaee. 

Map (.f rhe battle of Alaiiiance. ^lay Vk 1771. 

Oil of rhe Edenron Tea I'arry. 

Framed photoiiranh of Prince ("harlie. 

Framed ])hotou'rrii'h of Flora 3IacL>onald. 

EnLTravini^- of Jolm Locke. 

Picture of Pitt ( ■oiinry Court House. 
. . Etchin-JT of Chief Justice C'iU'istv'iiher (iale. 

Franse*! photou'ra^jh f>f Carruthers. iiisrorian. 

Framed photograph of Hawks, hisr.ji-ian. 

Moss and leaf ju'-ture. ••Ruins ..f J-uaesrown." ^-opied from an old 
eng-rarim.: and li.>;ine<l by }^Irs. W. H. Cloyd. Lenoir. X. <.'. 

The Xeedhani '■oat-of-arms. w.-iter er.lor. Loaned \>y ?diss Katii- 
arine Badicer. lialei.i-^h. X\ C 

Judi^e Georu:e E. B.-al-rer. otncer in War of lsl-2. Secretary of rhe 
Xavy : Asso<-iate Justiee of Xorth Carolina. Loane<l iiv Mis.s Kaih- 
I arine Badijcer. Raleiixh. X. C. 

1 ■ Pen and ink sl-zetch of Judire Gaston'.s law office, in which lie wrote 

{ \ "Carolina." Le-aned by ^Nlr. Jaer-ues Busbee. Raleiuh. X. C. 

I •'Carolina." illuniinated and loaned by Miss Sallie Clark Jaclv.son, 

' Cartha-e. X. C. 

I - Framed photoi'raph of Penelope Barker. President of the Edenton 

\ Tea. Parry, the uaft <">f ^irs. W. D. Pruden and the State Historical 

■ - C<,>mmissi<m. 

r Silliouette of John Lt^wis. cut by his daui,diter. Eliza Lewis. Loaned 

! by !Mrs. Vir.^inia I'ayne ILirnrove, Washin.irton. X. (\ 

I I'icture of Liberty Point. Fayetteville. X. c. llvvf. June 20. 177.1, 

f w;is siirned the ('uiuberlaml County Association. < )wned liy Lil)erry 

■- , Point :Monument Association. Loaned throuudi Mrs. S. G. Ayr. Fay- 

J -. ettevUle. X. ('. 

; - Silh'.uiettes of Isaac Jackson ami his wife. Mary Spencer. ISOO-'lO. 

I Anson County. X. C. ^lary Spencer was the dauLrliter of Judse 

■. Samuel S])encer. one of the tirst Judire.s in X'ath C:irolina elected 

I under the Constitution. Loaned by Mrs. E. E. Mothrt. Raleiirh. X'. C. 

I /. Etcliini; of Colonel Joei Lane's home, tht- oldest house liow standing: 

I in W.dve County. Loaned by Mr. Marshall DeLancey Haywood. Rai- 

eiirb. X. C. 

T\V'.> iiU.>r<iu-r-ii'].s I)}' ••Aunt I><>Ily." !) IsK). She- tells in rercsiiii.^' 
stories (.f LnF.-iyerreVs visit •') F;i verteville in 1^-J4. The little -irl is 
tlie uTeat-.u^randdniiu-liter ot (Jt'iu-ral Ayu. 

Pa.iiitiu.i: brou'-rht freui (irrmauy in the ci-iireeuth eentnry by (Jus- 
r.-n'us lUthnian. vlio married a Macl»«ai;il'i ..f t!je s.-nne rhm I'rora 
\vhl<-h IdiU'a Mai-i).vnuld came. I.eaiud i)y Miss Fredn Bnhniaii, 
(;iveusi.)<)re. X. ('. 

Eiiixravin,-'- of Tryoii Talaee. Lo.-ined thruu,;.^!) AJrs. T. }J. Wasliin:j;- 
t.)U. Wilson. X. ('. 

Uiu'ht Kr-verend Ji^hn Sta.rk iiaveiiserur't. llrst I.ishep of Xorth 

iiou:er Atkinson. u:randrVither of Bishop .Vtkinsoii. From i)ortrrdr 
owned hy Colonel .joim \V. Atkiiison. \VilmirjLrf<m. X'. C. 

]\F.-s. lloirer Atk'irison. u'randmother of I>isl!oi> Atkinson. From ii 
portrait ovrned l.y Coh>nel -joljn 'A'. Atkinson, ^^'!lminu't(m. X. C. 

Thomas A.tklnson, I). D.. LL. D.. third Bisliop of Xorth Carolina. 

One silhouotce. Loa.uetl i»y ?drs. Bennehan Cameron, Stap;ville, 
X. C. 

Tiiomas Amis (Cameron, cadet, of Miildletowii. f.;on.nectieiit : date, 
ls:;2; taken in Xew York <,.n the nnirch from Aiidilletown, Conneotieut. 
riii West I'oiut to AA'as]iin'j:ton. where I'residenr Jojm Quiney Adams 
then resided. 

i>ir Ewan Cameron, trdven from j>ortraif in Edinhuru-h. Srotla^id. In 
the l>attle of Cid!<.Mlen. lie oomma.n<led the ('km Canjeron,. fiu-htimr for 
Prince Charles Eil\vard Stuart. 

Kev. John < 'ameron. I). 1).. tadven from uuniature owned hy Edward 
Anderson, Pensacola, Flc^rida. De^rree of D. 1). was conferred hy 
William and Alary Ctdle.uv; minister of Blandford and Cnnil;erhtnd 
I'arishes; had cii.;ir,Lre of dloeesari scliooi in L.A'n';hl)nrL:. 

Three generations of the Cameron faniily. Loaned hy <;'olonel Ben- 
nehan Cameron, Sta.u'vide. X. C. 

Riirht lieverend William M. Green. PMshoj) of Mississippi and once 
pirofessor in tlie University of Xortl) Carolina. Loaned hy Coh>nel 
Betniehan Cameron. Sta.LTville. X. C. 

Tliree [iliotoLcrai'lis of tlie pirad"e Teaeh"s lionse on th^ !>an]is of the 
l*as([aotank ilivtn'. Xortii (/arolina. These inelnde ^■iews of the Ikhi- 
quetin;^^ halk witli its elahoi|iire carvin.i;. the execntion elianjl)er and 
the exterior of the house. 

Thirteen oil paintin-js of Itoanoke Island of to-day, showin,::; views 
of Ballast Point, tlie ^'ir^rinia Dare monument, the heaeh, sund dunes, 
forests, sky and waiter. I'ainred iiy Mr. Jac^fvies Busbee, of Ralei^^ii. 
X. C, for the State Historical Ctjnnnission, to exhibit at Jamestown 


L'rayer Book. FsOs. own+'d l)y Mrs. Elizal)eth riorniblow. of Edenton, 
N. C.. one ot tlie Edenton TtM Party si'.'ners. Loiuied by her (ieseend- 
ant. >diss Peneloiie Iloskins Xor<-<an. Hertford. X. (,'. 

; 38 ' 

Book of SermoiLS. priiired in Ediiihui-u'l). H;-^4. Purchased by Dr. 
! J. K. l»i;essh-. Loaned by Mr. IJarrcii \V. Pressly. }^Io(..resville. X. C. 

:\raiinal (^f Anns. liMj y.-ars old. Loaned by Dv. l\ E. liiiies, lia- 
Jei;_'h, X. C. 

AInianaes. 17-»."j-'1;'.\ 'n^■)u•(l by y[v. Ii<il>(>i'r liauisay. Rowan Connty. 

X. (_'. Trinrt'd iw, e;\>:h in Halil'ax and S.ilisl>ni-y.. res[)e<;L'ively. 

Loaned by Mr. David Z. Gray, ,^^>oresvilil^ X. ( '. 

: ' Life of General Francis ^Lirion, T^l>>. Loaned Im Mrs. F. R. Siiarpe. 

Mooresville. X. C. 

. Les Conunentaire^ of Edmund Plowilen. owned by ;ui ancestor of 

. . . Rev. F. X. Skinner. 1571. There are auto.u-rapLiical maruinal notes by 

■ ■ ' the autluvL-. Loaned 'oy Rev. I". X. Skinner. Fayettoviile. X. G. 

\ Sicetiii v'L Fii-ra 3[;M;I)<nial<l. cousider'-'d autlientic. a.s rhe fa'/ts were 

;' given the vrri-ter by one of the Iiert/lne's descendants. L-oaned by Mrs. 

j ■ S. G- Ayr. Fayetreville. X. G. 

« . ■ History of Xorth Garolina. owned by Douirald McDou^iald. Xothing 

can lie learned of its au.'hor, but it i> a v-nrrect history of the sec-ti<_)n 
it describes. Loaned by 3Ir. Robert Carver. Fayetteville. X. (_'. 

Gales and Sea ten's Register of Debates in Gongress. Goutains 
President John Qn.incy Adams' message to the ninet^'cntli < 'ongress of. 
tile ['nited States. Loaneil 'oy Mrs. S. (.r. Ayr. 

Dickson Letters. Leaned by Mr. J. O. Garr. Vv'ilniingte'U. X. G. 
. ; History of the Texan Expedition against Mier. l>4.j. General 

Green, the auth'.>r. was an t.^rficer iri the expedition: also in the War 
of 1>12. Loaned by Mrs. L. M. G^ok. Fayettevilio. X. G. 
; ■ ■; . The Xorth (Carolina Booklet. Vols. L IL IIL V. VI. Great events 

- in Xorth Carolina history, written by tiio most reliable writers of the 
State. Loaned by Mrs. E. E. :M'oaitt. Re'-rent of the Xortli G;irolina 
I - Society iJan-jhters nf the Revolation. Raleicrh. X. C. 

f : Book of (.'orrespondence of the Leaders of the Revolution. Loaned 

i by 3Irs. A. W. Aiiddleton, Birminu-ham. Ala. 

J . Xew Yorlv Gazette. Lo;ined through Mrs. J. F. Roberts. Shelby. 

r - ' X. <;. 

^ . Watts' Logic. 1732. 

■; The Psalnis of E>avid. 1732. Loaned by iNIrs. Lucy M. Moss. Greens- 

I ' ■: ' . , . boro, X, r. 

j List of old books owned by Thomas Amis, member of Gmnmittee of 

i Safety. Loaned by <;oioneI Ben.nehan Cameron. Stagville. X. G. 

[ - ■ Holy Bible, published in Dublin. 1704. 

r _ ~ Prayer Book, puiilislied in London. 17dl. 

\ ' ^ , Dr. Johnson's Dictionary, published in London. 17Vt5. 

I " "■ -' Xeno[)hon. published in London. 1747. , -. 

i Pfomer's Iliad, published in G]asgo\^■. 1747. 

Gil Bias, published in Loudon. 17'.H I. ' ' 

- Telema>|uo. puldishnd in Pluladelphia, 17<Hi. . 

^ ' ■ . ' AntifjuiLies of Cireece. I'tibbshed in f.otidou. 17.'''1. 
' ,. Geography, i)nblished in London. 17bs. 

' -] 


, * 1 




- 11 ■ 
■ t 


. - 







Miracle-s of Christ, publislit.xl iu I.oudoii. ITGS (John Camei-on). 

Americuu Geography. I'ubllshed in Bosioii, l,S12. 

Xatiiral Pbiiosopiiy, piibiir^iiea in London. ITsT. 

Genernl Hi^rory. })uhlisho(i in Salem. ITIh;. • 

Universal Gaxerre of Kn..Nvn Worth. pnhHshod in London. 1771. 

Animal ic<-_isrer. published in. Loiidon, 1771. 

Gospel Sonners. iniblished in Glast:<!Nv. 17! i2. 

Sehoolnirisrer's A.^-sisranr in ArirhnK^ric. pi.iblislied in Xi'w York. 

L;irin <;r;imniar. pnl)Iished in Edininiru-h. 17>''j'. 

Tom Ji>nes. jniblished in EdinbnrL:h. 17s*j. 

Worics of Edvrard Young, published in London. 1705. 

Knox's Essays. Moral and Literary. pui)lished in New York. 17! >3. 

The French Master, published in Edinburgh. 17>7. 

Chrysal. or Adventures of a Gnina. published in London. 17b7. 

Meditations, published in Belfast. 1757. i^ 
- The Seasons, published in London. 17ti7. . • . 

The World, (rablislied in Loudon. 17<'".7. - ' r 

, ASernions, pubilslied in Lon<p.n, 17b7. 

Perlgriue Pickles, p-ublished, in London. 176'.>. ' 

■ I-Ioly War. publishf^d in Loudon. 17! )L 

Ihiiferdorf IL De Jure Xarura?. p-ublished in London. 16G5. >- 


Colonial chair. Ijeionged to Colonel Edward Buncombe, <»f ■'Buucomite 
LL:ill.'* Washin^'ton County. X. C. This chair came from the home of 
Colonel Buncombe. Fifth Regiment. Xorch Carolina Troo^.s. Conti- 
nental Army, wounded and taken prisoner at battle (.)f Gernnintown, 
and was recognized and caret! for by a British oificer, an old college 
mate in England. Colonel Buncombe died of his wounds in Philadel- 
phia, while on parole, 1777. tie was one of the most valued officers in 
Washington's army : born at St. Kitt's, West Indies. Loaned by St. 
Anne's Church, Edenton. N. C. 

Chair. 17!>!'. brought from Mount Verncni. owned by General Wash- 
ington, afterwards x>roperty of George Staples Iloirgh. Alexandria, 
Va., whose ancestor. Hough, built the first brick house in Loudoun 
County. Alrgiuia. bringing the brick from England. Willed to present 
i*vrner by George S. Hous-li. her maternal gr.andfatlier. Loaned l)y 
M. D. S. Staples. Greensboro. X. C. 

President Andrew Jackson's card table (mahogany) in his law office 
at Salisbury, N. C. Loaned b.y ?>Iiss Kebec.-ca Schenck. Greensboro, 
X. C. 

Chair, brought from Pennsylvania to Xorrh Carolijia by Simon 
Dixon in 1751. Occu[)ied by Lord Cornwallis. ^Lirdi. 17S1. on his 
retreat from battle of GuilDu-.i Courthouse. Owned b.v T. C. Dixoii, 

Caudlestand. handed down in the Valentine family and usc^l at 
Edenton Tea Party, in the [»aintin:z of that event one like this is 
visible. Loanetl bv Miss Eliza Harwood Drane. Edenton, X. C. 


Ch:iir. oii.-e in the jiarldr at ••S^v^-•e^ Hall." ^eat of the llnffiiis iu 
Vii-.Lriuia ; «-aiiR' iiuo rlu- ('anu-i-on family \>y iiihoriraiiee. Loaned hy 
Colonel ])ennei)an Canieroii. 

Chair liiat heloniied to Uiehai-d r>ennelian. of •\^tairville."* Loaned 
hy Colonel r;enn"]ian i*a.nieron. 


Piece of uK-nldin;,' fn-ni '"The (Ti-.tve." rhe home of ^^'lilie Jones. 
Llalifax, X«.rrh Carolina, from \vh<.m Joiiii I'aul Jones rook his name. 
Loomed i)y Mi^s A'deiaide E. v^udrh. Srotla, nd Neck. X. C. 

Walniir writin..: dt.^sk of Dolly I*ayne AL-idison. >\-ife of President 
James ^Lidison. P.e(inearhrsl to Anna ( Payne t Causteri. nieft- and 
adopted dan.uditer of Dolly Madison. Inberired hy ^Prs. ,AL-iry C. Knn- 
kle. damrhrer .>f .Mrs. e'ansren. and sold for wan: ')i heirs at her 
death. Loaned hy Mrs. E. E. Mollitt. llalei-h. X. C. 

Lo.-k of Andrew Jaeks'ufs hair. elijiptHl from Presidenr Jackson's 
head arid i>resenr(:.'<l ro < 'olonel W. J. Creen tiy a irienil. Loaned i)y 
Colonel ^\'. J. Creen. Eayetteviiie. X. C. 

Mariner's eompass, owned by (/ommodore James Chayror. of Balti- 
more. Md. : made in ItioO: useil l)y him in rht- A\'ar of 1>12. Loaned 
by Capt. Edmund C. Cliayior. Elizal>ech City. X. ('. 

Siuiffhox of Covernor (rabriel Johnston, 1T:;4. Loaned hy [Mr. John 
G. Woo(L Edenrou. X. C. 

Phys!ei;in"s s..-a!es. used diirinu^ the Revohirionary War. < »wned hy 
Di". William r^Iurchison. 

Bellows, heloii.ired to Mrs. Mary (iee. IT". These helhjws were the 
property of rhat brave woman who s*> eouraLreously saved rw<.> Whi:_^s 
fron.i the Brirish. Loaned by Mrs. S. (L Ayr. Eayetteviiie. X. C. 

Spectaeles. over one hundred years old. Loaned l)y iNlrs. Cox. 
:^Iount Olive. X. C. 

Box made of piece of Charter Oak. owne(l by the late Mr. P. C. 
Cameron. L.-aned by [Mrs. (i. V. c.aiins. IIinsb(,ro. X. C. 

Spoon moulds, handed down thi'ou.uh several irenerarions of the 
Creswell family. Loaned l>y Mrs. Sue Creswell McXeely. Mooresville. 
X. C. 

Knlrtin:^ needle, made from a rariirod (ieneral Washinirion lmvc Mr. 
[NLuTin Roberts at the close of the pLevoUition. Loaned by Mrs. J. ^L 
Roberts. I'.-itrers'jn S}>rin.L:s. X. ('. 

Medicine case of L)r. Ricliard L>oiuildson Cooke. GranvilU- County. 
X'orth Oar'-iina : o.arritHl l>y him throu^rh Ri'\-olntion. Lo;ined by 
Mrs. Georire WairiNcriL^iit. Wilscm. X. (.". 

Spectacles, owned l)y Andrew Lawrence, Rowan County. Xorth 
Carolina, l^ou; have been in constant use from the past to the present 
date. Loaned l>y Mr. S. A. Lawrence. Mo<irosvilie. X. C. 

Spindle of [Michael Schenck. Lincoluron, X. <\. isi.'j. The first fac- 
tory built south of the L'otomac was l>uiit by him. 'i'lds i.<: ai sidndln 
from that factory. Loaned l;)y .[Miss Rebecca Sclienc-k. (rreensboro. 
X C. 


Briek fr<Mii the Bath ('liurch. Beauforr Cuiuiry. X.n-th Carolina, 
17o4. Tlu>e brick.s \\t>re brouiiiu u-oiii Kni^laiid. 

(.'aiidle uioultls. lsi>4. l>ei<nii,a'a to Mrs. Mary Slu'liifld Dunn, wife of 
Isaac I>uun. of Anson ("uunry. North Carolina, now owntnl by Mrs. 
Kuril Bennett P.aker. WayncsviUc. X. C. 

licyal st'.-il. used in the Brovhire of North Carolina. Loaned by Mr. 
John. G. Wo'mI. •■ila.yes." J-:denton. X. (;. 

Brass candlestiek. 17>b. used in LaFisyetre's ItedrMoni when on iii.s 
visit to Fayefteviile. X. C. \^'2~>. Loaned by :Nh-s. S. (x. Ayr, F;iyeCte- 
ville, X. C. 

^[odel of Edenton Te.-i Party licuse. the home oL^ .Mrs. Eliz.-ibeth 
Kinu". Edent<.»n. X. C. • Tire Edeiite-n Tea Party was held in this house 
on October 2.". 1774. This was iireseuted by Dr. itlchar<l Dillard, 
''BeverJy Hall." Edenton, X. C. 

Win<k>w roller from I'ir:ite Teach"s i BIackl)eard's > h<..ine on the 
Pasquotank iih-et;. Xorth Carolina. Loaned !>y :Miss ^Liry Ililliard 
liinton. KaleiLTh. X. C. 

Knee buckles, set with brilliants, owUfd by (iovernor (hibriel John- 
ston. 1734. Loaned by Mr. Jolm <;. Wood. Edenton. X. C. 

Key of (Td E;m-le Hotel at Halifax. X. C.. in which the Pr(.)vinciai 
Congress was held April 4, 177b. Loaned l>y -Mrs. I'. E. xSmitii, Scot- 
hind Xeck. X. C. 

Embroidered tapestry, owned V)y .Mary Baldwin Poihnson. 17'.>,j. 
Loaned by her great-granddaughter. 3Ilss Julia Stirewalt. Mooresville. 
X. C. 

Knee inickles i brilliants C worn l)y Judu"e Iredell a.t the hrst re-?e[v 
rion given !»y General and ]klrs. Washington. Loaned by ^Lr. Cadwal- 
lader Iredeil, X'^rfolk. Va. 

("ouiiteri);ine. woven, spun and emliroidered hy liand by the greai- 
aunt i>t' the i)resent owner, lso7. Loaned by Mrs. T. AV. Smitii. Bur- 
lington. X. C. 

Woolen <'overlet. belonu'ed to Job Allen, iCandolph < "oiniry. Xorth 
<'arolina. 17i'H)-lSiju ; a family heirloom, sold at i-ublic saJe by admin- 
istrator and b'Aighr Ijy present ovcner. Loaned l»y }drs. E. E. ]Mothtt, 
liaiei-h. X. C. 

liimr. owned by William liusseli, 177t;, ;\nd worn on his left hand all 
through the Revolution. Loaned by Mr. Robert Carver, Fayettiwiile. 
X. C. 

Bed valance of ajiiique emltroidery. l>e!oni,dng to the Alston family 
of Xorth (;;irolin:i. 17i)o. Loinie.! by Mj-s. ]•:. E. .Ab^rhtt. Ibalei-h. X. C. 
Criie N'ahiiice w;!s used on high iiedsteads and was ii(dd together l)y 
conls. The valanc-es wore used to conceal the trundle bedL 

Bell (177o) whicli was on the c^hl L>ti;iher meetinghouse. The 
house was nse^l as a hospital after tlie !)attl(> i^i Cudlford (.'ourt House. 
Loaned by Miss Lake McXairy. Guilford (^>^Hlty, Xorth Carolina. 

< "op}>er lamp. 17^7. Loaned by Mrs. E. K. Seilars. Btirlington. X. C. 

Gld Liiserty bell, rung at b;ittlo ^^t Alamance in lieu of a drum. 
Loaned by Rev. 1). A. Lon-. D.' D.. firaham. X. C. 


W:.iteU. cMri'ied by I>r. Hnll (liirinu- rhe K^'^•oI^tiu^. iu wliicli he was 
a caj^taiii. Luiiiit-d by :\lrs. ^Y. N. Hall. Iim^.U'H Vouiity. N. C. 

Snn tlial. cnMiHcl by P.obert Itamsay, Ii<'\van Couiiry. X. C. 1773. 
Brcniirht to Xortli ('aroliua fivuii Pcimsylvnnia i>r{or to the Kevolution. 
Loaned by Mr. David i'ivi\y. ^J..(.^•<■s^•ilu'. X. c. 

Norch Carolip.a seal, f.nane^i by Mr. J. (.'. Xoib IMoor^-s-ille. N. ('. 

Ds-ck '>t' cards. b]-(in-:lu t<.) KdHiiinn bofori^ the Rcvolation. The 
^\'raI)lua• reniainod uiil.-rokeu till a few wtM.'ks bf-tore Ixa-iu- framed to 
ex1i1I>ir at J.-imestvnvn. I,.>aned hy }drs. C. A. ?^tevens. X"*\v Bt'ni. X. C. 

Counterpane, about <>no hnudrod years old. owneil by the Brad- 
shaws. Luaued l)y Mrs. S. A. L;;\>/ronee. Moorosville. X. C. 

Countorpane of I'eu-Lrio M'.'-Kriiu-lit Jaiaesoii. liowan <,;i»unty. Xortli 
Carolina. ISOn. The r..ttou was picke<l from the soed. eaa'ded. spun 
and woven, all by hand. Loaned by ?»Ir<. J. C. Xeil. 

Continental money. Loaned by ^Iis.s Susan Lattiniore. Cleveland 
County. X. C. 

Continental money, tuvnod by Henry Hamptwu. Hamprr.nville. Surry 
County. X'. (". Loaned by Mrs. ^'. S^irewalt. I)avi<ls<'»n, X". C. 

Money paid James Wils<m for serviee as ("olonel in the Revolution. 
Loaned l>y his .u'reat-,L:randdauu-hter. .Mrs. Eliza.both Richards, Cleve- 
land (^'onrtty. X". C. 

Ca l>c Ff'ir MrrcuDj ( iramedC c<aitainin:r Meeklonlmry: Declaration 
of Lidependence. Loaned by .Miss Scheu'-k. Greensboro. X''. C. 

Lard lamp, wirli handsome cui-glass irlobe. "Wiied by Thonias Aaiis. 
Halifax. X. C. Loaned by Colonel Cameron. Stagville, 
X. C. 

"Pap spoon." of tortoise, owned by John Harvey. President of the 
CouTK-il. Loaned by his descendants, the Misses Harvey, of Hertford. 
X. ( '. 

Old map of Xew Bern. Loaned throucdi :\L'S. T. Yi. Washington. 
Wilson. X. C. 

One old tablecloth. Loaned by ]\rrs. Georiie Green. Xew Bern. X. C. 

Very handsome old fan. of pearl and ,i:old. 

Old pearl and gold fan. Loaned by Miss .M. F. Skinner. Edenton, 
X. C. cover. Loaned by Mrs. AYilliam Turner. Statesville. X. C. 

Walking cane, made from the wood of rhe ship Constitnt'on. when ii 
was rep-aired. Loaned by ^'uptain W. H. Turrcnrine, Burlington. X. C. 

Xorth ('arolina si^al. 177*'.. Loaned bw Mr. Bobert A. Bamsay. 
Mooresville. X. C. 

C<itton gin. belonged to rhe family, (^diarrus Cimnty. X. C. 
T's(mI to gin cotton before the Revolution. L<»aned by Miss Catherine 
Carrigan. < 'abarrus County. X^ C. 

Oavel, m:-de of ook from the Betsy Dowdy farm. Lo.aned by Mrs. 
Patrick Matthews. Edenton. X. C. 

Anti'iue l>rass warnnng i-an. owned in 17r.4 by Colonel Joshua Fry. 
L(»aned bv ^irs. Frv. (Greensboro. X. C. 

^ ' 43 . • ' 


r Dumbbell, owned by P;itri<-k FeT;gM.S(m. - '' 

: One pitchfork. 

" A cavairynian's saddle truuk, captured from the British at battle of 

: New Orleans;. Loaned through Mrs. Josephine Branuer, \'\'aynesville, 

X. C. 
^ Wnifle iron, brouudit to America by Yv'iliiam Ward, a friend of l.vrd 

1 Balrim'H-e, 

A brick from the oriu'innl GiiiltV.'rd t/oiirr ilonse. 
' 'Tnbleclorh used Vi'iih communiv)n set. made by bond from stalk up. 

Antique c<'lo'-:ne borrle. Luaaed by IMiss Eliza Harwood Drane. 

Edenien. X. C. 
[ Samovar, one hundred and twenty-two years old. Loaned by Mrs. 

I William Hart, Tarboro, X. C. 

\ Iron ]M)t. used in i'-.-rc Dobbs. near what is now Statesville. X. C 

<, The tV.rt: was built as a ] protection a.2:ainst the Lidians and was used 

til! afrer the Revolution. Loaned by Mrs. Margaret Watts. Iredell 
[ _ County, X. C. 

I S-ickle. owned by Thomas Cowan, IioM-;ui t'ounry, X. (]\. 17TG. Used 

I to harvest wheat. Loaned by Mrs. M. C. Krider. Barber, Rowan 

r County. X. C. 

i '.biie cannon bail. Loaned through .Mrs. George C. Gooduian. M^jores- 

I ville, X. C. 


II. Brass candlestick used by Major Reading Blount daring the Rev- 
2. Silk sewing case, brought from Scotland. Used by Barbara Gray. 
I who was born in Xorth (Airolina in lT2r.. 

I 3. Spur worn by Major Reading Bluuni diirmg his service in the 

!■ Revrdution. 

4. Infant's dress and ea[». made by Mary Harvey, of '"Harvey Hall." 

5. Blue perfumery bottle. i>taight from apothecary shop about ITTS. 

6. Sash and fan r^wned by }*Iary Harvey Blount in ITTd. 

■ 7. Cup and saucer of set 'belonging to Major Reading Bloniit. 1776. 

S. Embroidered bureau cover used by Mary Harvey Blount. 177S. 

and 10. Silver snutfbox and knee buckles used by John Gray 
Blount. 177-"3. 

11. Fan o^^■Tled by ^lartha (or Patsy* Baker, of South r^uay. A'ir- 
ginia, 17S1. 

12. Pair of earrincrs l>rongbt from England by the ancestors of 
Mary Harvey Fduunt. Id07. 

13. Brass randlesriek from Xorth Cnroliua. 

14. Pane of glass isouarei taken from window in the home of John 
Gray Blount. 177S. 

15. Section of the Atlantic cable. ISoS. • ■ k . .. 


!<;. TUue !iiui.i;t) <iU!lt. iielon.u-Hl to tin- .M;ir!(^ii family I'l-oviuus to 

17. CMiidlfsrirk used at the oM (jrist place, near Washin.irou. X. C. 
diiriij'-: Ue\-<»hi[i<^iiary days. 

IN. Silver eandiesrick and siiutt'crs owned \>y Jolni (Jray Bloimr, 

1V». Pocket case used by Mary Ifarvey l;l./nnr. 17"^2. 

i'i>. Sampler werktHl by ancestr^'ss of Miss M. ^l. B. liMdmam 17'.>1. 

21. Prayer P.ook used by Marriia liaker. ITT'i. 

22. Piciures oi rive sons of Ju'ob lUt-nut. of ••Blount Hail." N-trrh 

2:>. Ol^Ituary of Jaeob Bl.iunt. Payniasrer of Xorrh Carolina Troops 
durim: the Pevoiurionary War. 

24. Maj) of Tov,u of \ Beaufort County. N. C. drawu for 
John Gra.y Blouur. 177s. 

2'. P!aa of Bath, the first town in X.-rtli Carolina. 17U5. 
2r>. (;runr of hmd ri) Christopher Cale. 17<)t;. 
27. Silver lu-^ter ]archer. 177"^. 

25. Collection of pearls taken from oysters in I'amlico Souud. North 
Car.>lina. since 1^'mi. 

20. I'amily Bible belon:.rinii: ro Janies Bonner's family. 
80. L;uid trraut by Covernor Charles Etlen. 1714. 

31. Document bearing: the si.Lrnature of Governor Arrhnr Dobbs. 

32. Map of Old Brunswick Road. 173o. 

33. (tUU brou.L^ht from Eu.irland by John Boss. 

34. Gun used in War of lsi2. 

3-". Miihoirany spoou *rase used by Dr. Simmons Baker, 1775. 

3t;. Silk <piik made by I'olir Snxich. l^OU. 

37. Pewter teajtot. War of 1S12. 

3'<. Silhouerte and iettor of War of 1^12. 

3'.t. Silhouette of (j'Kelly Williams. 

4U. Picture of Dr. Simmons Baker, of •"Palmyra." 

W^^:f^!^^:^?^r^^4^-'i^f*r' ^!^!i^1?ff-?)^.§ 

....-:.:,;- -?«j^{«s- 



4 ^:^^ii^^^ ' •% 



'S:^ y^HMtiVMSlK.-.-- 



e.i6(Si»;<^..^^). 1 i -■ciiiM'i'j.*.-. 

%, a&F»>-MI!l.'>'UuS"' 


( i.ASS A. I.ii.IiT. 

AT. — (handle wheel, w'nh (li?>r<; tor inakiirj; r;iU(Av-(li[) caiHlles. 

A2.-— -Stand of nndds ft.r jnakiiii^ molded caudles. 

A3.— -Iron t-andlestiek. 

A4.— Till eandlt^sriek. 

,\.r». — iJrass eandlescick. 

AD. — i>rass <"indlesrii-k. wirh drip rup. 

AT.— Br;iss candle.snck. tall. 

.;\N.— Candle oliaudelit^r. ii.^ed in Salem Moraviiin Chureh. ISOO. 

AD. — Tin^ candle brackets, used in old 31oravlau cburches. 

Alo. — Wooil candle l-rackets. used in <>h\ Moravian chiirchei^. 

-Vll. — Wood exten.sion candle l)ra<-ker. used in carpenter shop. 

XV2. — Large iron snutfers. u.sed in Salem Moravian Churcli. 

Alo. — Iron candle .snuffers. 

A14. — Brass candle snuffers. 

Alo.— Snuffer tray. 

Aid. — Brass candle extinguisher. 

AIT.— Earliest street lamp. Salem (grease). 

AlS. — (Irease hall lamps. 

AlO. — Tin lami) (greasei. . ■ 

A20. — Tin lam]>. with tinder bc^x. 

A21. — Tin lanterri. ]»ert"orated. 

A22. — Tin lantern. i)ert'oraied. 

A2o. — Tin night lamp (gj'ease). 

A24. — L>ox wax nigh.t tapers. 

A2r).- — Paper and cotton night tapers. 

A2U. — Earliest electric light globe. 


P>1. — Pantiles us»:h1 for making '"tile stoves" in early years. 

B2. — fluids for making rtautiles. 

P>3. — I'iiotoLcraiili of til*-^ stove in use in rooms of the Society. 

B4. — Iron frame and ga. tes for tile stove. 

B."'. — \Vo(.d foot stove, or v.-armer. 

Bd. — Hand bellows. 

BT. — Pocket steel, for srriking tire. 

' ; > CLASS C. WATER. 

("1. — Section of water-iape log, ]iart of a system for conveying water 
fi-om springs to cistern.s locat<'d in various parts of Salem, 1TT8. 

("2.— Small au'xcr for rirsr boriiig of wa-er-|)i[)e log. 

C'A. — Lar^'cr auger for ]>orin.g log. 

( . — Two earthen pii»es. used later for conveying water (hand- 
' ..e), 1S2S. 


C5. — Suiall fire eiiirino for '"iiit^ide"' work: one of two imiM^rteil in 
17S5 h-iju'i Germany. 

CO.. — Tv.-M le.-irhtn- riro huckors. In early j'cars every hoiisoliolder 
was rennirenl to keep several of rlK'se Inickets ready for use. 

Ci.A.S.S I). IIor.sKUOI-D. 

Dl. — Straw !n>-ad l-asker. 

Dl'. — Tv.-<,> [lewtrr [datrers. !>uoiia-ht by the tirst Moravian settlers in 
>:ordi C'aroiiua, i7r;;. 

D.y. — Pewrer creani [drrlier. wirh lids, broaudic l^y rlu- first Moraviar. 
settlers. 17r;J. 

D4. — Pewrer mukissos [/itidier, with lid. brou,i;lit by Tlie rirs'i Mora- 
vian seriit-rs. 17.>:'. 

Do. — Tiiiiied iron teapot, Ijrouglit by the tirsr Moravian settlers, 

DG. — Tvr«» pewter plates, made in Salem. 

D7. — Two pewter drinking cups. 
' DS. — Coii'ee mill. Saiem-made. 

D9. — C>:'ffee mill. 

DIG.— Brass spiee mill. 

D11.— Spice mill ^ 

D12. — Two wo'Xl <;ake prints. ' . v 

DP*. — Two wood euLT Iteaters. 

D14. — Sadirons, with case. ■ 

D15. — Cork-eneaseil bottle. 
- Did. — Meat chopper. ., ■ 

D17. — Brass mortar and pestle. 

DIS. — Brass drinking cup, in case. 

DIO. — Two w^iod needle eases. 

D2u. — Pastet'oard cigar case. ^ • .. 


EP — rirind.majle nails, from first house buiit in Salem. X. C, 176G. 

E2. — Lock and key. lirst meetinghouse in Salem. 1707. 

E.'J.— Section of tioor ):»oard. with holes for wooden pins ; old Mora- 
vian chur'-h. 17sr». 

E-i. — Wooden and key : old church, 1775. 

F.~). — Large pad!' .ok: Salem tavern, 1771. - ■ 

EG. — Small brass padlocks. . .' 

E7. — Iron handr-uffs and key. 

ES.— Wowd braee and bit. . - ' 

E'.>. — Iron brace and !)it. ^ ^ ■__ . , ' ■ 

EP;».— Wood double-hand brace. , ^ . 

EIP— Ilaudriiade S'-rew eye. . ' ' ' ■ 

Ell'.— IPmdmade twisted s{)ike. 

Ei:P — TiU"ee t«)o!s u.sed in making leather gloves. 

El 4. — Handmado '.'ear-cutting ma<di!ne, ad.|ustable for cutting clock 
wliet'ls of anv <izt^ or number of cogs: 1S20. 

1^15.— Two silver^iinith's; .rucibles. lS2r>. 

Elfj. — Steol die for i?taiu[>tn:,' out solid silver tablespoons, 1825. 

EIT. — Steel die for sramr'iuij; out solid reaspoous. is;25. 

FAS. — Steel die for sr;uai>iiv,' out solid iivavv ladle. 1S2.">. 

Eli). — Mold for iirossiiiir our p.; try pans. 

E20. — Two pairs lead niulds i<'i' cajidy ti>ys. 

E21. — Two hand printiiv.: MoolvS. 

E22.— Keapiui: hook. 

E23.— Woodeu tlail. 

E24.— Elax haekle and 11 ^ix. 

CLASS y. — t;ARTTir;x\\ ARi:. 
FT — Rnildin,;.r brick, used in earlit>sr years in Saloni. X. C.. 12x.1xo; 

r'2. — Square pavim:; brick, used for laying; b;isenient floors. ^xsx2 ; 
171 »1. 

Eo. — Roohnu' rile. lU' "clay shingle." ITsO. 

F4. — Hooting tile, half-round, for comb of roof; 1780. 

Fo.-^Clay molds for making earthen plares and dishes, 1781. 

FCk — Plasier molds for raai-cing sundry arcicles. useful, ortiamenral 
and toy. 

F7. — Earthen bo trie. owl. 

F.s. — Ct>llecrion of clay pipes, mounted on board, showing varicries 
made in Salem. X. C, from earliest times. 

FO. — Pair of molds for making pipfS. 

FIO. — Large earthen pkique or dish, (uauunented in colored gla.zing, 
with name of maimer and date. 1771. formerly used as a potter's sign. 


HI. — Heavy flintlock rifle, made near Salem, X. C, with buckhorn 

H2.— Flintlock pistol. 

H8. — Flintlock pistol, brass mounted. 

H4. — Ender-bammer percussion pistols, made in Salem. 
, Ho. — PepperTwx revolving pistol, six-barrel. 

H6. — Four-barrel pistol. 

H7. — Five-barrel pistol. 

HS.— Vesr-i)ocket pistol. 
- H9. — Militia corpomrs staff-head. 

HlU. — :\Iilitia coriJoraTs staff-head. 


Jl. — stand of swinging frames, giving (A) chai)ters from The His- 
tory of Wa<-hovi;i. ns follows: 

Side I. First settlement of Wachovia. 17"3. 

Side II. Indian troubles and fT-en<-h and Indian War. 175^'J-MO. 

Side III. Founding of Salem. 170\, and S;ilom during the Kevolu- 
tionary War. 

48 ' 

Side IV. Gov(>ruwr Tl'\-oi)"s r',v.) visits lo Snltnii. IT'iT mid 1771. 

Side V. (/lose of. a^nxuvy. Fituiidiii.iZ of Winston, is-ls. 

B — Side Yl. Tilt' ?kle<lcienl'iiru- Dt'clararion of Indo]>ond(Mice. as men- 
tioned in rhe re<-<trds oi' W'acuovia, with fiicsiniUc of s;ild record and 
translarion <>;■ same. 

C — Side \i\. (*olio'.-t!on of Pri-\-inciaI money. i74:S-ls<'2. 

D — Side VIII. Cnllerrion <.f letter haoks. shoAvimr ^^m^^^ liiirli rates 
of ix^sta.ue. 17'.C-l'>7-"'i. 

E — Sirles [X. X. (.'orresnondence relaiin,^ to rlaims <;f citizens »>f 
Wachovia a^rainst the British (rovcrumeut f<_>r supplies furnished Gen- 
eral Cornwallis' army. 17rM»-l.v(i.-,. 

F — Side XI. Original and typewritten <-oi)ics of receipts for supplies 
furnished (general Greene's army. 17^1. 

G — Side XII. Views of Salem. X. G., and some of its oldest build- 

H — Sides. XIII. XH'. Sundry old agreements, contracts, indentures, 
etc., "way h'AV from Salem. X. C., to P.ethleiiem. Pennsylvania. 

Side X"\'. (MCi and ]irouj,inent biiildinu-s of Salem. X. ' ". 

Side XVI. Funeral choraJs of the M<n';in Ghtircli, or Uintu>-- 
Fratrum, as played hy tromlwuie baud; views of the Mora.viari Ghurch 
Cellar Avenue and graveyard. 

J2.— Early tire regtilatioiis and orgaiuization of lire (/luni.any. 1~^T). 

J3. — Amnesty I'roclauiation of Governor Tryon. with Great Seal of 
the Stare (battle of Alannince *. 1771: medals srru'-k to commemorate 
the settling of Wachovia. 17')3-11hi:1 : le;irher-bound Almanac; illus- 
trated itr.ok of nursery rhymes. 

.14. — Plan of battle of Chariestown i Bunker Ililli. 

Jo. — Plan of battle of Saratoga. 

JG. — First jirinting press brought to Salem. X. C.. used by Corn- 

J7. — W*»oden inkstand and iiuill pens. 

JS. — Sand Itox. with sands, formerly used to dry writing. 

j;>.— 01<1 map of Wa.-hovia. TraiCt 1. 17.'s. 

JIO.— r)ld map of Wachovia. Tract i:i. 17ort: ■ • 

Jll. — Old map of V\'achovia. small. 17.>S.* 

J12. — Map of eastern part of Surry ('«)unty. 1771. 

J13. — Plat of Salcm tra. t and town. 17<;.s. 

J 14. — Plat of Salem territory. 

Jl.">. — Map of Xorth Carolina, twenty-six t<jwns, 1770. 

CL.\SS i:, MUSIC. 

Kl. — Harpsichord (direct action), with drawers, n.atural keys black. 
K2. — French horn, no valves. u<ed in serenading Ih-t-sident Wash- 
ingr.jn. 17r»l. 

K3. — ^Part of slide;one used with ab.n-e. 

* These maps were carefully drawn by a competent surveyor, and show by signs, 
besides the screams, the character of tlie soil and yrowch of timber. 


K4. — Old Frviicli liorii. iio valvf-s. 

K.';. — Old l-rt'iirli honi. with valves. 

Ivt'). — Old ieadinir riMHiboiie. IbOo. 

KT. — -Two (lid rlutes. 

K>. — < 'hu-iner. 

K:>.— Rass..oii. 

Kin,_-Zi.ik.. (straiirhti. 

Kll. — Zinke (curved!. learlier-ct>\-t'rt'd. 

Kli'. — Choral lu-ok, used iu sereuadinir riH-si-leut Wasbiugton — 
'•0.>d Save Great Washiuirtoii." IT'.tl. 

Ki::). — Set nt ebural in.usic IxMiks. ITSO. 

K14.— Mariuseriivc uuisir. iiill cliorus and orcht'sfral !>art>^. pevforiued 
ill Salem, X. C. in the early lS<iU's: The Messiah iHaiulelj, The 
Creation f Haydn k Siabat -Mater ( Per,:?olese-Hiller ». 


LI.— ^_'yelo;ueier. to attach to vehicie ['or m(^asurii!<r distance, ITS"). 

LlJ.— Surveyor's <-omi)ass. 

L3. — Snrvey(»r's compass, with wikhUmi case. 

L4. — Surveyor's compass, plane ta.ble. 

L.'). — Sextant. 

Ijl — WoodiMi triaui.r]e. 

L7. — Vritddeu triangle. 

L^. — Laru'e wwoden pr.>tractor. 

L*>. — Brass parallel ruler. — Set t«;(.)th extractors, •'turnkey." 1S1>>. 

Lll. — Instrument tor makinu' silliouettes. ls2s. 

L12. — Frame of silhouettes nuder glass. 

L13.— Alchnnierer. 


Ml. — Three bead-embroidered bags. 

^V2. — -Silk-emb.roidered p]-esentariou i>iece, made and presented by 
the tirst nine pupils at Salem Female Academy to their tirst princii)al. 
ISO.". Owned and loaned by his granddaughter. Miss A. A. \'an Vieck. 

Mr;. — Silk-emln;oid^'rt'd needle book. 

M4.— Foldiu'j: paper souvenir, album of texts. 

Mo. — .Jubilee souvenir card. Several stanzas of good ^^•islles. sur- 
rouude<l by a ^^■re;lth of titty roses, painted on paper and delicately 
cut out and placed on a foundation of illusion. I'resented to a Mora- 
vian pastor's vrife. Isis. 

Mf,. — Liberry cuj>. A cup of whire opa<iue ud.ass. ornamented with a 
spread eagle. A\'irh the word "Liberty" in '-'olii overhead, and sur- 
rounded by htteen gold stars: the whide encircled l>y tvvo cherry 
twigs, each twiii I-earinic fifteen leaves and fifteen clierries, evidenrly 
symbolic of hfteen States. 

I , 50 ■ 


I XI. — Phoruirraith of tlrrri iioiiso builu ia Salem. X. C IT'^t). British 

\ army eiu^amped near this huu?e. 1781. 

X2. — Hanchua'le nails ivom tirst house. 1T<H). 

Xo. — Ph(.'t(V_rai'h of looplioh'il h<>us.'. llsn. 

X'4. — Section of loopholed lo.i: fr-im same. 
■ X.">. — Gnu barrel and ramrod, ("inilford Battle Ground. 1781. 

X'«^.— Flliit '-un lock from Guili'ord Banle OU-ound. 17M. 

X'7.— Bayonet from Guilford Battl*-' (rround. 17^1. 

Xs.— <;ann<:'!i balls from Guilford Bartle Ground. 1781. 

X'O. — Human bones from Guilford Bactie (^Tround. 17^1. 
'■ Xlic~lr<"'n plaio. foiind ar Ct)rn\vallis" camp. '1782. 

Xll. — First bell hun.ii on a church near Bethania,. Xortli Carolina. 


- Gl. — Leather portfolio, sewed with parchmenr. 

02. — T^s'o leather pocketbooks, sewed with r-archment. 
; 03. — 8m;.ill tin colleccion b<)X. 

04. — Wooden box, orna.nienred with colored straw, representing 
(:astle. ri'-wers. etc. 
, ' ■ „ Go. — Small pasteboard b<;)x. straw-covered. 

; Of*.. — iro3i strong box. ^^'ith a false and eonoealed keyhole. Very 

similar co "Washington's Treasiire Chesr." but somewhat lai't^er. 
i 07.— S'-ales and wei-ciits. simila.r ro old .ap<''thecary"s scales, but 

I ^ j . ' these were used to weigh gold and sih-er foreign coins. 

I ■ - ^ . • 08.— CoUeetion of old spei.'uacles. . 

f . 0!t. — Small piece of a child's scalp, found in a hole bored in a popular 

I ■- ' tree; hole plugged up and grown over with wood and bark; supposed 

I' to have been put there 'oy Imiians during French and Indian War. 

I ' OlO. — Pair silver knee buckles. 

I ■ ■ Oil. — Pair silver shoe buckles. 



.Aiii>r(:>l>ritition tv^jiu clie J^imesiown r'uniiiissi'ju S2.0uu.00 


Electricity . 

Iiisralkuion of exhil»ir. 

JXr, ilroad expenses 

2viiseelIaueoiTs' expenses 

Custodiaiis" salaries 


Janitur's service 

ilotei expenses 

Telegrams , 


Express anil frei-iir '-n exhi'tits 


Exhibit space 

Repairs ou Irroken relii-s 

Exhibit cases 

North Carolina si j:n 

Pacivin? and sliipinn^: 

Decorations . . 

— i 





i 'J 










Total 81.!'H'3.01 

Total receipts 

Total disbnrsements 1, Olio. 01 

Balance refunded 8 6.30 


PUBUCAllONS ■; . ■ • 
* . 01^ THE ■ 


EULLiiTIN No. 3 




" : 'COMMISSION . -^ 










Edwards j: Brocchton PitiNTixo Co. 

State I'kixtkrs and Bixdkks 


;--' ,1.1" 



J. BRYAN GRIMES, Chairman 


R. D W. CONNOR, Secretary 



I To His E.vccJlen'i/. Gi\\E\<yoK Roueut B. Glenn: 

I For the information oi your Excellencv and of the General Assembiv, we 

I beg to submit a brief report of the creation, crganizaiion and work of the 

, ' North Carolina Histcrical Commission during the past two years. 


I The North Carolina Historical Commission was created by act ft the Gen- 

I eral Assembly of 1903 (chapter 767 of the Public Laws of 1903). Under the 
! provisions of this act the Governor was to appoint a commission of five, who 
I were to serve for a term of two years, without salary, per diem or mileage. 
I The act declared it to be their duty "to have collected from the files ol: old 
I newspapers, from court records, church records and elsewhere" valuable 
I documents pertaining to the history cf 2sorth Carolina, "to haA'e such docu- 
I ments edited and published by the State Printer as other public printing. 
I and distributed by the Si:ate Librarian under the direction of the commis- 
I sion." The commission was authorized "to expend a sum not exceeding $500 
I annually in the collection and transcription of documents." Under this act 
I Governor Aycock appointed \V. J. Peele. of Raleigh; J. D. Hufham. of Hen- 
I derson: F. A. Scndley. of Asheville: Richard Dillard. of Edenron. and 
R. D. Y\. Connor, of Wilmington. The fact that the members of the com- 
mission lived in widely separated parts of the State, and the fact that the 
law expressly forbade the payment cf their expenses, made it difhcult for 
them to attend properly to their duties. Efficient work was. accordingly, 
impossible, and your Excellency, realizing this fact, thought it wise, in 1905. 
to appoint on the commission persons residing nearer to each other. Accord- 
ingly, the following were appointed: \V. .T. Peele. of Raleigh: .J. Bryan 
Grimes, cf Raleigh; Thomas W. Blount, of Roper: Charles L. Raper, of 
Chapel Hill, and R. D. W. Connor, of Raleigh. .More and better work was 
accomplished than before. It soon became evident, however, that if the com- 
mission was to do the work expected of it. a different and a more effective 
organization was necessary. In 19t!7, therefore, the General Assembly 
amended the act of 19')3. enlarged the powers and increased the duties of 
the commission. (Chapter 714 of the Public Laws of 1907). By the provi- 
sions of this act the members of the commission are appointed for terms 
of two, four and six years, their successors to serve for six years. They 
receive no salary or per diem, but are "allowed their actual expenses when 
attending to their official duties." The appropriation was increased lo $5,000 
annually, and the commission was authorized to employ a secretary and to 
equip offices for the filing and preservation of historical documents. L'nder 
the provisions of this act your Excellency appointed the following persons, 
who compose the commission as now consiinited: J. Bryan Grimes, of 
Raleigh: W. J. Peele. of Raleigh: Thomas \V. Blount, of Roper; M. C. S. 
Noble, of Chapel Hiil. and 1). H. Hill, of Raleigh. The commission, thus 

I constituted, met in the cfiiie of the Secretary of Siare, at Raleigh. May 20, 

I 1!:*(>7, and organized by the election of J. Bryan Grimes, chaiinian. and R. D. vV. 

j Connor, secrecary. Offices in the State Capirol wevt- assigned ro the com- 
mission, and the serretary was instrucied to secure rlie necessary equip- 

j ment. The commission, r,hus constituted and thus equipped, has been a'. 

I -^ork but little more than one year, but we believe that the following reporr 

i will justify the creation of this agency for the preservation of the history 

} of our State. 



i The duties of the commission are as follows: 

[ (T) To have ccllected from the files of old newspapers, court records, church 

i records, private collections and elsewhere, historical data pertaining to the 

I history of North Carolina and the territory included therein from the earliest 

j times. 

f (2) To have such material properly edited, published by the State Printer 

i as other State printing, and distributed imder the direction of the commis- 

l , . sicn. 

(-3.) To care for the proper marking and preservation of battlehelds. houses 

and ether places celebrated in the history of the State. 

(4) To diffuse knowledge in reference to the history and resources of 

North Carolina. 

(.5) To encourage the study of tlie history of North Carolina in the 

schools of the State, and to stimulate and encourage historical investigation 

and research among the people of the State. 

(6) To make a biennial report of its receipts and disbursemenrs, its work 

and needs to the Governor, to be by him transmitted to the General Assembly. 
j _ ' The powers of the commission are as follows: 

[ (1) To adopt a seal for use in official business. 

i (2) To adopt rules for its own government not inconsistent with the pro- 

[ visions of the law. 

I . (3) To fix a reascnable price for its publications and to devote the revenue 

I arising from such sales to extending the work of the commission. 

*' - (4) To employ a secretary. 

I (5) To control the expenditure of such funds as may be appropriated for 

; .its maintenance. 

I -. . How these duties have been executed and these powers tised it is the pur- 

I pose of this report to show\ 


I . ' ' PUI'.LIC A];ciiI\ES 

I, . The first and most important duty imposed on the commission is "'to have 

1 collected from the files of old newspapers, court records, church records. 

i private collections and elsewhere, historical data pertaining to the history 

; of North Carolina and the territory included therein from, the earliest times. "" 
. The most important, as it is the largest, collection of such documents in 

existence is to be found in the public archives of the State, in the Capitol 
and elsewhere in Raleigh. Few people realize the richness of rhese archives 
in historical material. This material dates from the close of the seventeenth 
centur.x' to the present day, covers more than two hundred years of our history 
and includes an i^nmense collection of documents and manuscrips absolutely 

f'ssontial to the elncidation of the history ot the State and of great impor- 
tance in the elucidation of the history of the nation. The manner, however, in 
which they have been Kept is anything- bur creditable to our intelligence and 
patriotism. Thousands of manuscripts, records and other documents are 
stulfed away in the iiark pigeonholfs. in boxes and cnmers. without order or 
system, are tossed about from place to place with an uiter indifference to 
Iheir value, or are throv/n helter-skeUer here and there, in leaky aMics in vari- 
ous parts of the city. 

The creation of the North Carolina Historical Commission, will put an 
end, parrially, to this condition. The first care of the commission has been to 
collect these records and documents, to tile them systematically and to 
preserve them from destruction. Much time has been devoted to this work 
during the past year. and. though ir does not show for much in a report, 
it has required no little attention, labor and thought, and is by far the 
most important work yet done by the commission. We cannot say that we 
I have made mere than a beginning, for the task is large; it requires time 

I and patience, and even years must elapse before it is completed. We say 

I that the creation of the commission will put an end, partialUj, to the condi- 

1 tion above described. The room at the d'isposal of the commission is much 
I too small for the work to be done. Like all the other departments of the 

I State Government, the commission needs room for its expanding activities. 

I and iiniii this room is provided in some way the work of the commission 

I will be much too restricted for the field to be covered. 

I For the present the commission has equipped a room on the third floor of 

I the east wing of the Capitol. Steel roller shelves for large bound volumes 

I and steel filing cases for loose manuscripts have been placed there. The 

I bound volumes fill 669 roller shelves, and there are many ethers for which 

I there is no room. They include all journals of both houses of the General 

I Assembly since 1777 and some prior to that date, the journals of conven- 

I tions. the journals cf thp Board of Internal Improvements, the journals of 

I the Council of State, the letter books of the Governors, the records of our 

I troops in the War Between the States, the reports of the Land Frauds Com- 

I mission, numerous volumes of wills and numerous volumes of miscellaneous 

« documents. The loose manuscripts include the correspondence of the Execu- 

I tive Pepartment from the administration of Governor Caswell, in 1777. and 

I numerous files of miscellaneous manuscripts which it would be too tedious 

I to enumerate here. 


The commission has also made some valuable collections from other 
sources than the public archives. Newspaper files of the Colonial and Revo- 
lutionary periods in libraries in Charleston (S. C), Wilmington, Richmond 
and Boston have been searched for Nortli Carolina data. These files include 
The Boston Evening Post. 1769-1770: TJir VirginUi Gazette. 1776; The Sout}> 
Ciirolina Gazette. 1732-1775 : Tlie South Carolina Gazette ana Count rii Journal. 
1765-1775, and The South Carolina and Anieriean Gcwral Gazette. 1766-1775. 
In the absence of North Carolina newspapers of the Colonial period, these 
papers throw interesting light on our history. /■- . 

r" - THE "HAYE.S"' COrXECTlO.V .-. 

At Edenton. through the courtesy of Mr. John G. Wood, the commission 
has been permitted to have copied valuable letters and documents in the 

I Saj.iiu'^1 .Toln(.'=--ton collection in the library at "Hayes," formerly rhe resi- 

i dence of Governor Samuel Johnston, now owned by Mr. Wood. This collection 

.; includes letters of Hooper, Hewes, Johnston, Iredell and other leaders of the 

i Revolution in North Carolina, which have never been published. 



i Through the agent y of the wtMl-known tirm of B. F. Stevens and Brown, of 

i London, the commission has secured permission from the present Lord Dart- 

l mouth to have copied such of the private papers of Lord Dartnicuth, Secre- 

tary of Stare for the Colonies, in 1772. as relate to North Carolina. Through 
■ this means a few interesting documents throwing light on our Colonial his- 
tory have been secured. 


,; The North Carolina Historical Society at the University of North Carolina 

has placed at the disposal of the commission, for copying, the large and 
valuable collection made by Governor David L. Swain and preserved in the 
archives of the society. 


Three private coUer-tions of no little interest and value have been secured 

and placed^aniong the collections of the commission. These are the letters 

and papers of John H. Bryan, member of Congress from North Carolina, 

"' 1825 to 1829; the letters and papers of Calvin H. AViley, first superintendent 

of common schools in North Carolina. 1852 to 1865, and the correspondence 

^ of Jonathan Worth, State Treasurer of North Carolina. 1S83 to 1865. and 

; ' Governor of North Carolina. 1S65 to 1868. 



I . The journals of the Board of Internal Improvements and the letter books 

I of the following govei'nors have been copied, preparatory to publication: 

\ Richard Dobbs Speight 1792-1795 

: Samuel Ashe 1795-1798 

f William R. Davie 1798-1799 

f -■ Benjamin Williams 1799-1802.1807-1808 

\ James Turner 1802-1805 

j Nathaniel Alexander 1805-1807 

I . David Stone 1808-1810 

I - William Hawkins ■ 1811-1814 

i ■ Wiliam Miller 1814-1817 

I . . : ; ' William A. Graham 1845-1849 


The law requires the commission "to have such material properly edited. 

■ ' •. publislied by the State Printer as other State printing, and distributed 

"'' ■' under the direriioti of tlie commission."' B*'fore this work can be done 

intelliiienily. the work above ourlined mast be done. The policy of the 

'^ commission, therefore, is to collect, to file and to preserve before printing. 

Nevertheless, some jirintiug has been done. ^.- j ^ --■ ^ 

Section 2 of chapter 714 of the Public Laws of 1^*07 especially cliarges the 
comiiiissioii "with the duty of cc()peraring ^^ith ihe commiysioii appointed 
by the Governor to make an exhibit at the Jamestown Exposition in making 
at said exposition an historical exhibit illustrating the history ot North Caro- 
lina from the earliest times. "" In accordance wirh this provision, the com- 
mission instructed the secretary to prepare a pamphlet giving an account 
of the first English settlements in America, at Roanoke Island, North Caro- 
lina, which siiould be a part of the Stare's exhibit. A pamphlet was accord- 
ingly prepared, entitled "The Beginnings of EngIish-*Am-erica: Sir AValter Ral- 
eigh's Settlements on Roanoke Island. 1.58-1-15S7." 39 pages, illustrated with 
cuts of the DeBry engravings of John White's paintings of Indian life. 


Bulletin No. 1 of the publications of the' North Carolina Historical Com- 
mission is '"The North Carolina Historical Commission; Creation and Organi- 
zation, Duties and Powers, Plans and Purposes.'" It is a pamphlet of 18 
pages, explanatory of the work and the plans of the commission. 


Bulletin No. 2 of the publicaiions of tlie Norrh Carolina Historical Com- 
mission is "The North Carolina Historical Exhibit at the Jamestown Exposi- 
vion," a history and description of this exhibit, prepared hy one of the cus- 
todians. Miss ?>Iary Hilliard Hinion. 

LITP:RAKY and historical activities IX XOKTH CAROLIX A, 


The publications of the North Carolina Plistoriral Commission. Vol. f, 
is entitled "Literary and Historical Activities in North Carolina. 1900-1905. "' 
It is a volume of 623 pages, including some of the most notable addresses 
and papers produced in the State within the period specitied, together wlih 
reviews of the literary and historical activities during thai period. Of espe- 
<ial interest and value is the report of the committee appointed by the State 
Literary and Historical Association to reply to the statements of .ludge George 
L. Christian, of Virginia, questioning the claim of North Carolina as to her 
record in the War Between The States. The volume was compiled and edited 
by W. J. Peele, assisted by E. P. Moses and Clarence H. Poe. Though issued 
within the past year, it was projected at the first meeting of the commission. 
November 20, 1903, before the reorganization under tlie present i)lan. and 
should have been issued three years ago. Properly, it does not form part of 
the work of the commission for the period covered by this report. 


The third duty with which the commission is charged is "to (are for the 
proper marking and preservation of battlefields, houses and other places cele- 
brated in the history of North Carolina." The commission believes quite a^ 
nnu-h in the brush and chisel as in the pen as implements of history wriring. 

TAixTrvius or nn.\xoKF. isl.wd 

111 fiiiniling- the diny imposed by this clause the commission has enabled 
Mr. Jacques Busbee. one or our native arcists of well-earned repuration. to 
spend some months on the banks of eastern North Carolina studying the 
scenes of the first English Colony in America. His studies have resulted in a 
series of paintings shov\-ing these historic spots as they appear toda}'. These 
paintings formed part of the North Carolina history exhibit at the Jamestown 
Exposition, and are now on exhibition in the Hall of History. The commis- 
sion expects Thau this preliminary work will result ultimately in a painting 
of the landing of the first English settlers in America, of the first Christian 
baptism by Englishmen within the present boundaries of the United States. 
or of some other scene connected wirh that important episode in American 

BUST OF w'ii.ija:m a. ok ah am 

In the rotunda of the State Capitol are eight niches, designed to hold the 
busts of eight of the eminent sons of the Srate whose services entitle them to 
such recognition. These niches were completed nearly three-quarters of a cen- 
tury ago. yet they are as empty today as they were on the day they were fin- 
ished. The North Carolina Historical Commission believes that the State has 
produced eminent sons whose services in peace and in war entitle them to be 
thus honored, and the commission, therefore. 'will make it an especial object 
to fill these niches with handsome busrs of distinguished North Carolinians. 
A contract has accordingly been placed with Frederick AV. Ruckstuhl. a dis- 
tinguished sculptor of Nev." York City, for a marble bust of "William A. Gra- 
ham, eminent as legislator, Governor, Secretary of the Navy, Senator, states- 
man and patriot. The artist has completed his model and is now in Paris, 
where the bust is to be carved. After being exhibited in the Paris Salon in 
the spring of 1900, it will be delivered to the Historical Commission in October 
and will be set up in the State Capitol with suitable ceremonies. 


It is made the duty of the commission to "diffuse knowledge in reference to 
the distory and resources of North Carolina." It would prove too tedious to 
undertake to give in detail an account of how the commission has perfoimed 
this duty. We beg to say only that the creation of such an agency has been 
welcomed throughout the United States b>' students of otir history and re- 
sources. -Many requests for such information have come from all parts of the 
country, which the commission has answered as fully, completely and accu- 
rately as possible. This phase of the work will, of course, grow in quantity 
and importance with time. 


The commission is "to encourage the study of North Carolina histcry in the 
schools of the State and to stimulate and encourage historical investigation 
and research among the people of the State." 


The school law requires that the history of North Carolina shall be taught 
in the public schools of the State. The recent publication and adoption of a 
suitable text-book makes this possible. The more advanced pupils, however^ 

I nnd "pperially rhose in rlie high schocls. shoiilti be !erl to exrend their studies 
I beyond the covers of the texi-books. The commission expecis to cooperate 
I with the teachers of the Statt in ihi.^: svcrk by furnisliing such material as 
may be necessary tor it to be done intelligently. Leaflets giving contempo- 
rary accounts of great events, the reprints of important liistorical documenrs, 
such as may be used in the class rooms, will be issued from time to time and 
distributed to those teachers who apply for them. 

A copy of "The Beginnings of English-America" and a copy of "The Literary 
and Historical Activities in Xorih Carolina. 1900-1905. " have been placed in 
every rural library in rne State. These libraries now number about 2.tj0o. 


The secretary of the commission, at the request of the State Superintendent 
of Public Instruction, prepared the "Program of Exercises for North Carolina 
Day/" which the schools of the State will celebrate December 18. The pro- 
gram is devoted to a study of the German settlements in North Carolina. 


In discharging the duty imposed upon the commission to stimulate and en- 
courage historical investlgaticn and research among the people of the State, 
the commission has endeavored to secure reports irom the various historical 
and patriotic so«:ieties or the State of their activities during the past year. All 
of these societies did not respond, but many of them did. and their reports are 
here summarized, because they show that a fine spirit pervades cur people, 
that they are becoming alive ro their duty tovrard the past, and thai they 
are really accomplishing much to preserve and popularize our history. 


The North Carolina Society of The Colonial Dames of America during the 
past year has made an extensive investigation to locate places of historic inter- 
est in North Carolina which are unmarked in any way. and therefore are 
^iov.iy but surely passing into oblivion. The result of the society's invesriga- 
tion has been embodied in a report by the president, to the national council 
of the sociery. Although this report is confined to the Colonial period of our 
history, and makes no claim to being complete, it shows thar there are seventy- 
eight spots, famed for historic events of the Colonial period, which are not 
I marked in anv war. Thev are thus subdivided: nine localities famed for inci- 

I dents connected wirh the earliest explorations and sertlements in North Caro- 

I lina; ten sites of Colonial forts; three Colonial battlegrounds; ten sites of 

I Colonial schools and churches; four localities famed for incidents wirh the 

i Regulators; twenty-five sites of famous Colonial houses, and seventeen burial 

I places of eminent Colonial characters. The Colonial Dames call attention to 

I these unmarked spots in order that they may be preserved from negleci and 



The Sons of the Revolution have entered upon an important phase of his- 
torical activities in the collection of portraits of historic persons. Already 
the society has presented to the Supreme Court Library oil portraits of James 
Iredell and Alfred Moore, Associate .Justices of the Supreme Court of the 
United States, and to the executive offi( e a portrait of Samuel Johnston, three 

! tune< flectea Goverrun' of North Carolina and our iirst Senator in the Senate 

I of the L'niied States. During- the past year the society .-X'cured a portrait of 

I Alexander Mariiu, distinguished as a sohlier of th.' Revolution and live times 

I . elected Governor of the State. This portrait was presented to the executive 

I ofhce on November 16th. ^ 

! • • ' ' 


: The Eaughters of the Kevclution have placed a case in the Hall of History, 

in ^vhich they are placing relics of the Revolutionary period. They have en- 
deavored to stimulate interest in the history of North Carolina in the schools 
of the State by offering medals in certain schools for the b2st essays dealing 
. ■' with phases of our history. The most notable service rendered by the society 

is the continued publication of The yorih Ccrolina Bookh't. This is the onh 
periodical in Nor^h Carolina devoted exclusively to the history of the State 
and it is gratifying to know that it has met with success, not only as afford- 
; ing a medium for the development of historical talent in the Srate. but also 

; financially. Enough has been realized from the publication to enable the 

■ Daughters of the Revolution to carry into execution the purpose for which 

The Booklet was established: that is. the erection of a memorial to the women 
of the Edenton Tea Party. This memorial was unveiled with suitable cere- 
monials in the State Capitol on the 24th of October. 


The work of the Guilford Battleground Company in converting that historic 

battleground from an old field into a beautiful historic park is too well known 

■ to need commen''. From the president, whose unselfish labors deserve the ap- 

i plause of every patriotic American, from New England to the Gulf of yjexico. 

i comes the following report of the past year's work: 

I " . "Our annual celebration of July 4th was held, as usual, mosc successfully. 

1 but the speeches tlelivered by Eishop Rondthaler and others have not yet been 

\ published in pan:phlet foim because of failure to receive copies of the same. 

I . I regret this much. An unusual amount of plowing, seme seeding to grass 

and manuring, as the patriotic and liberal have enabled us to do. and the gen- 
eral necessary care of the ground have been made. Our purpose is to spend 
;, all the money possible in permanent improvements on the grounds, especially 

I • ■ r '. • in the erection of memorials to Revolutionary characters. We have secured 
; octagon granite blocks sufficient to complete a monument begun to the cavalry 

[ arm of the service about thirty feet in height. As the preservation of our 

I • - Revolutionary battlefields and perhaps other historic spots have proven not 

j only "means," but also sources whence interest in our beloved State's histor}' 

i ''^ ' has gone out, it was deemed appropriate that a neat memorial to Clio, the 

i ,- Muse of Histor> . as she sits and repeats to the populace, should head the 

North Carolina row at the battleground. This memorial is as durable as the 
hills and, as competent judges think, and I certainly think, an honor to the 
State and very beautiful. 
' . "This report is written with my own hand, as I have no stenographer and 

never had one and am unable, or at least unwilling to employ one. as I think 
•_ the money can be applied more profitably from our limited means. God bless 
the North Carolina Hisiorical Commission and all other like associations and 
individuals historically disposed." j ... 

j This report was signed by Joseph ^l. .Morehead. ^' "' ' • :. 



Three patriotic criraniza'.ions to whose joint ertorts the State owes the his- 
tory exhibit made at the Jamesrowii Kxposiiioii are the inuighrers ol' ihe Revo- 
lution, the Daughters of the American Revolution and the Wachovia His- 
torical Society. It wculu be impossible in this brief report to convey ari idea 
of the extent of the c-haracier of that exhibir. We may say, v.-ithout exaii2,er- 
ation, that of all the various exhibits made by tlie State or by individuals, 
none reflected more credit on North Carolina or received mere attention from 
visitors than the history exhibit. A full report of the exhibit has been pre- 
pared by Miss Hinton. one of the custodians, which the Historical Commis- 
sion printed as one of its bulletins. We beg tc quote one or two paragraphs 
from that report : 

"Xo'^hing has shown so forcibly this historical awakening in the Old North 
State as the exhibits she placed in the History Building at Jamestown. Tliis 
was made with the people's money, by the people and for the people. It is. in- 
deed, gratifying to know that she was creditably represented at this most 
interesting exposition, * * '■= where history was given a place never be- 
fore accorded in the annals of America. * * * Too much praise cannot be 
given r^Irs. Lindsay Patterson. Vice-President General of the Daughters of the 
American Revoluticn. who first planned and arranged this exhibit. The 
Jamestown Commission for North Carolina appropriated as much money as 
could be spared for this object, which was not a large sum. This was supple- 
mented by a small amount from the State Historical Commission. Mrs. Pat- 
terson was assisted by ^liss Rebecca Schenck, of Greensboro, and .Miss .AFary 
Hilliard Hinton, of Raleigh, who gave months of arduous toil to this patriotic 

"The Wachovia Historical Society deserves special recognition, for it was 
this remarkable organization that responded primarily to the appeal for aid 
from patriotic Carolinians. It is the oldest society of the kind in the State, and 
has set an example worfh> of emulation. W'achovia's exhibit revealed the life 
of the people, their industries, household utensils, implements of war and 
peace, accomplishments, comforts and literature. * =^ * The entire his- 
tory of these thrift}', religious, peace-abiding citizens, that have ever re- 
mained a distinct colony, affords unusual opportunity to the student. '' '-^- * 
From the headquarters of the society have gone forth to previous expositions 
a few treasures, but never before has so large a collection been allowed to leave 
Salem. * * * 

"What has been the result of all these months of wearing toil, ceaseless 
responsibility, personal discomforts from extreme heat and cold, the risk 
of losing precious heirlooms which could never be replaced, and the expen- 
diture of money? Did it pay? 

"The compensation was more than adequate. Here are some of the re- 
wards of a year's labor: When the awards of merit were bestowed. North 
Carolina won the silver medal, together with New York and the church ex- 
hibits. Surely we were in goodly and pious conipany. More visitors sought 
the North Carolina exhibit than any other in the History Building, while 
numbers came just for a glimpse of that alone. Great pains were taken by 
the custodians in charge to show and explain all things. During those stren- 
uous days of installation, when admission was restricted to cards, the duties 
of the Powhatan Guard, stationed at the entrance, the courteous custodian 
and superintendent were increased daily, armouncing and admitting North 


Carolina's guesrs. We were just across The border, and our people in general 
were deeply interesied. i He unioidiu.'^- ot riie Siale's noble past lias been a 
revelation to many. * ^ic h< qj^,, historian of national repmation, since 
having his attention drawn io our exhibit, has visited the State, niakiuii: a 
systematic study of her unpublished archives and gathering material there- 
froni tcr a prospective volume. Another one has had many photograpl-ys taken 
ot the chief relics to apppar in a vvork on the histo:ie South. * -^ * From 
variotis sections of the Union came persons who found there information of 
value to them personally. As an educational factor the success was complete, 
and it is believed that this engrossing work will greatly aid in developing 
the historical awakening already begun in our midst." 


The histor\' exhibit at Jamestown was confined to the periods in the his- 
tory of the State prior to the ^^'ar of 1812. Cotning now to more recent 
times, we find that the North Carolina Division of the United Daughters of 
the Confederacy has been actively engaged in preserving the history of the 
"War Betw-een the States. This organization has in Xorth Carolina 3,50(' 
members. Its work is historical and charitable. The society has erected in 
Xorth Carolina fourteen monuments to the memory of Confederate soldiers, 
while others are now in process of construction. A persistent effort has been 
made to have the various chapters obrain historical narratives from surviv- 
ing veterans, but unfortunatelN' few only have responded. These that have 
been gathered have been deposited in the office of the Secretary of State until 
the Legislature can be made to see the wisdom of erecting a fireproof library 
building. Scholarships have been established at the State Normal College and 
at the Salem Female College, open only to daughters and granddaughters of 
Confederate soldiers. At the next session of the General Convention of the 
Daughters of the Confederacy the North Carolina Division will present to 
the Confederate }.luseum in Richmond portraits of General Robert Ransom 
and Captain Randolph Shotwell. They have already presented portraits of 
General Bryan Grimes, Major Thomas Sparrow. Colonel Zebulon B. Vance. 
Colonel Charles F. F'ishor, General Matthew \V. Ransom and General L. G'B. 


The director of the Hall of History reports that during the year he has 
made special trips in the interest of his work to the Albemarle region, to the 
Croatan settlements and to the country of the Cherokees. During the year 
he has added luore ttian one thousand objects to the collection, so that tl:e 
total number of oi)jc(ts now in the Hall of History is 6.200. In his report 
the dire<for adds tlie following: 

"Fverything is being done to collect while there is time, for so much has 
been lost by fires at private hotises that it is felt some steps should be taken 
to place objects her(> where they can be better cared for. * * * jf ti^p, 
Legislature will erect an absolutely fireproof building and provide ample 
room, since tiie pre.-..uii Hall of History, large as it is. is nearly filled already, 
wonderful work can be done. * * * What has been done in this State at a 
cost entirely nominal has cost other Commonwealths large sums, in cases 
where they ai-p doing an.\thing in this line, but it may be said of North 
Carolina's historical collection, as it can be sairl of all the other departments 
of her State .Musetim, iiuit no State south of Washington approaches it." 



We rPiiier thai we have noi been able to secure reijoits frcm all the histori- 

I" lal societies at ihe colleges of the Sraie. Frcm ihe Xorih C'arolina tlist.ori- 
(al Society ar the L'niversiiy and troni the Trinity College Hisvcnical Soc-iety 
^' ( onie reports of continued activity. Both have concerned rhcniselves largely 
t Mith the production of papers and addresires. many of which are valuable and 
k" peimanent coniributicns to tlie historical literature of the ^^taie. The Trinity 
College Historical Society has published several of the most valuable papers 


h read at its meetings. This society has also caiaiogued a large collection of 

; hooks, pamphlets and manuscripts, and has installed in the college museum 

i d case of rare first editions. 



I F'inally. the commission is required "to make a biennial report of its re- 

I ceipts and disbursements, its work and needs, to the Governor, to be by him 
I transmitted to. the General Assembly." To this report, wiiich is a review of 
g our work, is appended a statement of the commission's receipts and disburse- 
f uients. 

I As to its needs, the commission needs but one thing — room — a larger and 

t safer depository for its collections. The present quarters ot the commission 
I -ire crovv'ded. Besides, they are needed for the work of the General Assembly. 

They are out of the way and inaccessible. Tlie work of the commission could 
; be greatly extended, its collections largely increased, its usefulness expanded 

tenfold if it had ample and accessible quarters in a safe building. Many 
' valuable collections could be secured if the o\vners were only assured that 

^ they would be deposited in a safe, fireproof building and would be properly 

<-ared for. Two such collections, worth many thousands of dollars, have been 
^^ practically promised as soon as the State erects an adequately protected build- 

|. mg for the preservation of its property. 

The Historir-al Commission therefore endorses the memorial to the Gen- 
:' tu-al Assembly adopted by the State Literary and Historical Association, urg- 

^ mg the erection of a fireproof State Library building for the preservation of 

I the State Library, the Hall of History, the State Museum and the collections 

V of the State Historical Commission. The reasons for the erection of such 

!_' 'i- building are so fully set forth in that memorial that they need not be re- 

^■~ peated here. The commission therefore hopes that your Excellency will think 

proper to approve the measure and urge it upon the attention of the next 
I, General Assembly. ■ 


1^ During the period covered by the foregoing report the commission has 

I added to its collection 3,135 original manuscripts and transcripts as follows: 

? The John H. Bryan Collection 703 

I The Calvin H. Wiley Collection 885 

The .Jonathan Worth Collection ■ 1.307 

The L. O'B. Branch Coib^tion 48 

The Hayes Collection i transcripts ) 82 

The Dartmouth Collection (transcripts) 63 

Items from the Virginia Gazette 38 

Miscellaneous Transcripts 9 

Total 3.135 

x\s soon as practicable a calendar of these papers will be prejjared and 



The Xo]-th CarcliiiLi Hisrrrir-al Commis^ioll lias secured an index to ihe 
North Carolina itemo in the Colonial and Revolutionary newspapers of South 
Carolina, which, in the absence of Xorth Carolina newspapers of the periods. 
forms a valuable source c| hisicrical information. The index embraces the 
following papers published at Charleston ; 

Thi^ South Carolina Gazette ond Co2i.)itr>/ Journal. 1732 to 1775. inclusive. 

The Sow^h Carolina 'in:l American General Gazette. 1760 to 1772. inclusive: 
1774 to 1780, inclusive. 

The Roi/al Gazette. 17;sl. 17S2. 

The Cry Gazette, or Dallj Advprtiser. 1789, 1790. 

The state Gazette of South Carolina. 1786. 17SS. 

The Gaz(:tte of the State uf sou^Ji Carolina. 1777, 1783. 1784. 17S5. 

The Charleston Morning 1787. 


The commission has had placed in the Hall of History, under the direction 
of Col. Fred A. Olds, director, the following pictures illustrating the hisvory 
of Xorth Carolina: 

The pictures of treaty with Tuscarora Indians. 

Ten pictures illustrating colonial Eden ton. 

Three pictures illustrating colonial Wilmington. 

Two pictures illustrating colonial Bath. 

Two pictures of Hayes. 

Seven pictures illustrating War of the Regulators. 

One picture of General Robert F. Hoke. 

One picture of Andrew .Johnson's birth-place. 

One picture of The Xen- Bern Gazette, containing the Mecklenburg Resolves 
of :\lay 31. 177". 

One picture of Richard CcgdelTs letter relating to the above copy of The 
Xeic Bern Gazette. 

Twenty-six pictures illustrating Indian life in Xorth Carolina. Painted 
by .John White in 1586 and photographed from the engravings of Theodore 
DeBry. 1590. 

Seven pictures of the site of Sir Walter Raleigh's Roanoke Colonies as they 
appear today, painted by Mr. Jacques Brisbee. These pictures were exhibited 
at the Jamestown Exposition, and are now on exhibition in the Hall of His- 
tory. Respectfully submitted, 

: . J. Bkya-V Grimes. 

- ■ ■ W. J. Pkele. 

- '. . ■ . " ' .'. . ■ M. C. S. XonLE, 

Thomws W. Br.ouxT, 
D. H. Hill. 

R. D. W. CoNxoK. Raleigh X. C. 

Se<:ret(iry. •_ 

December 1, 1908. . 

15 . 


f Annual appropriation, 1906-1907 $ 5,000.00 

Annual appropriation. 1907-190S 5.000.00 

Refunded by Smith-Premier Typewriter Company 10.25 


1907. ' DisnuKSE:*iF.\is 

Aug. 1. R. D. Vv'. Connor. .July salary $ 166.66 

Capital Cit\' Telephone Company, telephone rent 2.00 

3. W. G. Briggs, postmaster, postage. 10.00 

6. C. L. Coon, copying 175.00 

Royall & Borden Furniture Company, office furniture. . . . 42.75 

8. .J. G. deR. Hamiltcn. copying 35.00 

12. Miss Mary Milliard Hinton. .Jamestown appropriation... 40.00 

Alfred ^\'illiams & Co.. oiSce supplies 4.10 

21. Smith-Premier Typewriter Company, one t> pewriter. . . . 102.50 
I\'rs. M. S. Calvert, copying 9S.78 

22. Jacques Busbee, expenses to Jamestown 27.50 

28. Thomas W. Blount, expenses attending meeting 17.90 

R. D. AV. Connor, expenses atr ending meeting 23.55 

29. Capital City Telephone Company, telephone rent 4.00 

\y. J. Peele. expenses attending meeting 12.00 

31. William Weaver, wages July 27 to September 1 11.67 

R. D. W. Connor. August salary 166.66 

Sept. 2. Weathers & Perry, picture frames 5.50 

9. Wharton & Tyree, prints of John White pictures 6.50 

Alfred William.s & Co.. ofRce supplies 12.10 

J. G. deR. Hamilton, copying 50.00 

Fred A. Olds, placards and pictures 1.75 

R. D. W. Connor, expenses to Washington City 33.70 

20. Dobbin & Ferrall Company, carpet 39.63 

Fred A. Olds, frames for pictures at Jamestown 72.47 

24. North Carolina Booklet 10. oo 

Capital City Telephone Company, telephone rent 12.00 

Oct. 1. R. D. W. Conner. September salary 166.66 

William AA'eaver. September wages 10.00 

2. Southern Express Company, express charges 1.35 

7. Mrs. M. S. Calvert, copying 79.56 

24. W. G. Briggs. postmaster, postage lo.Ou 

Xov. 1. R. D. W. Connor. October salary 166.66 

William Weaver. October wages Hi. 00 

2. M. C. S. Noble, expenses attending meeting 4.90 

9. R. D. W. Conner, expenses to Charleston, etc 56.90 

J. G. deR. Hamilton, copying 5o.nti 

14. W. G. Briggs. postmaster, postage Ift.uo 

Mrs. M. S. Calvert, copying 49. X6 

19. Miss Mary Hilliard Hinton. Jamei^town appropriation... oo.u't 

24. Historical Commission, bust of William A. Graham l.OoO.OO 

Historical Commission, office equipment " 1,5i.m).00 












Nov. 24. Alrrod ^^'^lIiam.>? & Co.. office furninire $ 

30. Historical Com miss ion. apjiropriation for copying 

. R. Ij. \V. Con?ior. Xo /ember saia?-y 

William Weaver. Xovmiber wages 

J. G. ileR. Hamilton, copying 

:Mrs. M. S. Calvert, copying 

W. G. Briggs. postmaster, postage 

T. H. Briggs «& Sons, offi.ce supplies. 

Capital City Telephone Company, telephone rent 

^Nlrs. M. S. Calvert, copying 

R. D, AV. Connor. December salary 

William Weaver. Deeeinber wages 

14. r^Irs. 'M. S. Calvert, copying 

Feb. 1. R. D. W. Connor. .January salary '. . 

Vv'illiam '\\'eaver. January wages 

Mrs. M. S. Calvert, copying 

Mrs. 'SI. S, Calvert, copying 

3. W. G. Briggs. postmaster, postage 

Edwards •& Brcughton, Printing Company 

4. Sherwood Brockwell. repair of typewriter 

8. Weathers & Pt-rry, picture frames 

Alfred Williams ■k Co.. office supplies , 

Mch. 2. ?\lrs. .M. S. Calvert, copying 

R. D. W. Connor. February salary 

William Weaver. February wages 

6. R. D. Vr. Connor, e.xpenses to Chapel Hill 

7. E. }.[. Uzzeii &: Co., printing , 

Wharton & Tyree. photographs 

18. .1. G. deR. Plamiiton, editorial work. AVorth Letters 

W. G. Briggs. postmaster, postage 

R. D. \\'. Conner, expenses to Richmond 

24. A. R. Andrews, copying 

3u. ^tliss Mabel L. Webber, copying 

April 1. J. M. Porter, copying 

Alfred Williams & Co.. office supplies 

' -■ ■ Mrs. M. S. Calvert. March salary 

William Weaver, ^larch wages 

R. D. W. Connor. "March salary 

Miss Carrie Strong, copying 

22. E. H. Baker, copying 

23. Capital City Telephone Company, telephone rent 

29. Historical Commission, express charges 

Sherwood Brockwell. boxing two typewriters 

Alay 1. R. D. A\'. Connor. April salary 

Mrs. M. S. Cuiverr, April salary 

William AVeaver, April wages 

■ :, -V 7. Miss Carrie Strong, copying 

•'^, 16. R. D. \V. Cnmor. expenses to Edentou. etc 

28. Miss .Mabel L. Weblier, copying 

^: Capital City Telephone Company, telephone rent 


. i9i:>8. 

.juuc 1. R. I\ ^■'. roiinnr, Mnv snlnr- $ 166.66 

Mrs. M. S. Calvert. May salary 75.00 

.Miss Carrie Strong, copying 45.00 

William Weaver, yiay wages 10.00 

6. Alfred Williams & Co., office supplies 65.10 

W. G. Briggs. postmaster, postage 25.00 

July 1. R. D. W. Connor. -Tune salary 166.66 

Mrs. M. S. Calvert. June salary 75.00 

T/illiam Weaver. June wages 10.00 

2. Jacques Busbee, appropriation tor Roanoke paintings... 200.00 

Miss Carrie Strong. copN-jng 60.12 

16. Alfred Vs'illiams fc Co.. orRce supplies 2.15 

Norrh Carolina Booklet 10.00 

E. M. Uzzell & Co., printing 7.75 

' 18. Miss Julia Royster, photographs 2.00 

25. Ccnmiercial National Bank, B. F. Stevens & Brown 9.68 

Aug. 1. R. D. AV. Connor. July salary 166.66 

:Mrs M. S. Calvert, July salary 75.00 

William Weaver. July wages 10.00 

Jacob Merritr. drayage 1.00 

Miss Mabel L. AVebber. copying 32.00 

4. W. G. Briggs. postmaster, postage 25.00 

10. Commercial National Bank, Art Metal Construction Co. . 128.50 
Wiliam A. McKoy. copying 3.00 

17. "^A'illiam A. McKoy. copying 1.00 

IS. Capital City Teleplione Company, telephone rent 15.00 

Miss Duncan C. Vv'inston, copying: 11.80 

20. R. D. W. Connor, expenses to Asheboro 6.50 

Sept. 1. :Mrs. :M. S. Calvert, August salary 75.00 

R. D. W. Connor. August salary 166.66 

William Wea\ er, August wages 10.00 

?iliss Julia Rcyster, photograph 1.00 

Southern Express Company, express charges 56.20 

2. Alfred Williams £ Co., otfice supplies 7.40 

19. Virginia State Library, copying 9.25 

News and Observer Publishing Co., copy of Year Book. . . 1.00 

28. R. D. W. Connor, expenses to Greensboro 6.80 

Oct. 1. Mrs. M. S. Calvert. September salary 75.00 

R. D. W. Connor. September salary 166.66 

William ^Yen^'ev. September wages 10.00 

Southern Express Company, express charges 7.30 

14. Miss Carrie Strong, copying 16.20 

Wharton & Tyree, photographs 8.50 

Commercial National Bank. B. F. Stevens & Brown 9.00 

W. G. Briggs, postmaster, postage • 25.00 

Commercial National Bank. B, F. Stevens & Brown 34.10 

Nov. 4. Airs. M. S. Calvert. October salary. . 75.00 

William Weaver. October wages 10.00 

R. D. AV. Connor. October salary 166.66 

Alfred Williams & Co.. ortii-e supplies 3.40 

11. Copyright fee 1.00 

19 OS. 
Nov. IH. 


ro.niiiieri ial National Bank. B. F. Stevens & Brown $ 22. 1^; 

I^Irs. M. S. Calvert. November salary 75. •.••'• 

William Weaver, November wages iO.O'> 

R. D. W. Connor. November salary 166. 60 

INIiss }>[abel L. Webber, copying 11. r*-) 

Alfred Williams & Co.. office supplies 2 4" 

Total disbursements $ 10,000.00